Gullmarn, also known as Gullmarsfjorden or Gullmaren, is a threshold fjord in the middle of Bohuslän Archipelago on the west coast of Sweden. It is the largest of the Bohuslän fjords[2] with a length of 25 km (16 mi) and a width ranging from 1–3 km (0.62–1.86 mi).[1] At its mouth, the depth is 45 m (148 ft), plunging to 125 m (410 ft) at its greatest depth near Alsbäck.[2] The name "Gullmarn" means "God's sea" and comes from Old Norse.[3] At its northern end the fjord branches into the Färlev and Saltkälle fjords.

  • Gullmarsfjorden
  • Gullmaren
Refer to caption
Central Gullmarn with Stora Bornö as seen from Barkedal
Refer to caption
Refer to caption
Location of Gullmarn in Västra Götaland
LocationVästra Götaland County, Sweden
Coordinates58°15′N 11°26′E / 58.250°N 11.433°E / 58.250; 11.433Coordinates: 58°15′N 11°26′E / 58.250°N 11.433°E / 58.250; 11.433
Primary inflowsSaltkälle fjord, Fjärrlev fjord
River sourcesÖrekilsälven
Primary outflowsSkagerrak
Average depth45 m (148 ft)[1]
Max. depth125 m (410 ft)[1]
Frozenshallow parts Jan-Feb
  • Skaftö
  • Lindholmen
  • Stora Bornö
  • Lilla Bornö

Its shoreline has steep rock walls marked by many valleys containing streams and rivers. Deeply cut ravines are typical and steep cliffs alternate with sandy beaches and meadows.[2][1]

The fjord was designated as Sweden's first marine conservation area in 1983.[2] The nature reserve covers 16,499 ha (164.99 km2) and parts of several municipalities. Because of the varying depths of the fjord the marine wildlife is abundant and diverse. There are many unique marine animals that are not found in the more shallow areas of the fjord.[2] The shallow waters also provide habitat for a broad range of bird species. Three scientific research stations have been established in the conservation area.[1]

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ a b c d e "Gullmarn" (in Swedish). Gothenburg, Sweden: Länsstyrelsen Västra Götalands län. Retrieved 8 January 2016.
  2. ^ a b c d e "Gullmarn" (in Swedish). Uddevalla, Sweden: Uddevalla Natur- och kulturguide. 29 April 2015. Archived from the original on 28 January 2016. Retrieved 8 January 2016.
  3. ^ Hellquist, Elof (1922). "Svensk etymologisk ordbok" (in Swedish). p. 210. Retrieved 8 January 2016.

External linksEdit