Guliston (Uzbek: Guliston — flower country) also spelled as Gulistan, formerly known as Mirzachül (Uzbek: Mirzachoʻl, until 1961) and Qayroqqum (Uzbek: Qayroqqum; from 1962 - 2015), is the capital of Sirdaryo Region in eastern Uzbekistan. It is a district-level city.[2]

Guliston
Uzbek: Guliston
Город Гулистан.jpg
Museum in Guliston.JPG
Street in Guliston.JPG
Station in Guliston.JPG
2018 г. Надпись "Менинг Гулистоним" ("Мой Гулистан") на центральной площади г. Гулистан.jpg
Guliston is located in Uzbekistan
Guliston
Guliston
Location in Uzbekistan
Coordinates: 40°29′N 68°47′E / 40.483°N 68.783°E / 40.483; 68.783
CountryFlag of Uzbekistan.svg Uzbekistan
RegionSirdaryo Region
Established1801
Elevation
271 m (889 ft)
Population
 (2020)[1]
 • Total90,398
Postal code
120100
Area code(+998) 672

Geography and climateEdit

GeographyEdit

It lies in the southeastern part of the Mirzachül (formerly Golodnaya steppe), 120 kilometres (75 mi) southwest of Tashkent. Its population is 91,300 (2021).[3] The main industry in the area is cottonpicking.

ClimateEdit

Climate data for Guliston (1981–2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 5.0
(41.0)
8.5
(47.3)
15.4
(59.7)
23.1
(73.6)
29.0
(84.2)
34.7
(94.5)
36.2
(97.2)
34.7
(94.5)
29.5
(85.1)
22.4
(72.3)
14.1
(57.4)
6.5
(43.7)
21.6
(70.9)
Average low °C (°F) −3.4
(25.9)
−1.5
(29.3)
3.7
(38.7)
9.2
(48.6)
13.7
(56.7)
17.4
(63.3)
18.6
(65.5)
16.2
(61.2)
10.7
(51.3)
5.8
(42.4)
1.8
(35.2)
−2.2
(28.0)
7.5
(45.5)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 39.1
(1.54)
46.3
(1.82)
52.6
(2.07)
43.8
(1.72)
28.8
(1.13)
6.2
(0.24)
2.8
(0.11)
1.3
(0.05)
5.0
(0.20)
18.5
(0.73)
32.6
(1.28)
47.3
(1.86)
324.3
(12.75)
Average precipitation days 12 12 12 11 9 5 2 1 2 6 9 12 93
Source: Centre of Hydrometeorological Service of Uzbekistan[4]

DemographicsEdit

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
197943,087—    
198954,360+2.35%
200555,600+0.14%
202090,398+3.29%
Source: [1]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Uzbekistan, citypopulation.de
  2. ^ "Classification system of territorial units of the Republic of Uzbekistan" (in Uzbek and Russian). The State Committee of the Republic of Uzbekistan on statistics. July 2020.
  3. ^ "Urban and rural population by district" (PDF) (in Uzbek). Sirdaryo regional department of statistics.
  4. ^ "Average monthly data about air temperature and precipitation in 13 regional centers of the Republic of Uzbekistan over period from 1981 to 2010". Centre of Hydrometeorological Service of the Republic of Uzbekistan (Uzhydromet). Archived from the original on 15 December 2019. Retrieved 15 December 2019.

Coordinates: 40°29′N 68°47′E / 40.483°N 68.783°E / 40.483; 68.783