House of Guled (Somali: Reer Guuleed, Wadaad's writing: ريرْ گُليدْ Arabic: الغوليديين, romanizedal-Ghulīdiyīn) was the ruling house of the Isaaq Sultanate from 1750 to 1884 and is also a subclan in its own right. The family are descendants of the Eidagale sub division of the wider Garhajis and in extension Isaaq clan-family. Although they no longer hold any authority, they are the royal house of Somaliland and are viewed as a favoured symbol in the country. In July 2021, Sultan Mahamed Abdiqadir had a state funeral with nationwide media coverage and was attended by high government officials, including the president of Somaliland; Muse Bihi Abdi[1] and foreign dignitaries.

House of Guled
ريرْ گُليدْ
Reer Guuleed

Guled Dynasty
Parent houseIsaaq
Country Isaaq Sultanate
Place of originSomaliland
Founded1750, 274 years ago
FounderGuled Abdi
Current headDaud Mahamed
Final rulerDeria Hassan

Origin edit

The Guled dynasty was established in the middle of the 18th century by Sultan Guled of the Eidagale line of the Garhajis clan. His coronation took place after the victorious battle of Lafaruug in which his father, a religious mullah Abdi Eisa successfully led the Isaaq in battle and defeated the Absame tribes near Berbera where a century earlier the Isaaq clan expanded into. After witnessing his leadership and courage, the Isaaq chiefs recognized his father Abdi who refused the position instead relegating the title to his underage son Guled while the father acted as the regent till the son come of age. Guled was crowned as the first Sultan of the Isaaq clan in July 1750.[2] Sultan Guled thus ruled the Isaaq up until his death in 1808,[2] where he was succeeded by his eldest son Farah full brother of Yuusuf and Du'ale, all from Guled's fourth wife Ambaro Me'ad Gadid.[3]

List of Sultans edit

NameLifespanReign startReign endNotesFamilyImage
Sultan Guled Abdi
  • Guled ibn Abdallah
  • Somali: Guuleed Cabdi
Sultan Farah Guled
  • Farah ibn Guled
  • Somali: Faarax Guuleed
18081845Partook in the British attack on Berbera
Sultan Hassan Farah
  • Hassan ibn Farah
  • Somali: Xasan Faarax
18451870Mediated the conflict between the Ayal Ahmed and Ayal Yunis branches of the Habr Awal
Sultan Deria Hassan
  • Deria ibn Hassan
  • Somali: Diiriye Xasan
18701939Establishment of British Somaliland protectorate in 1884 
Sultan Abdillahi Deria
  • Abdallah ibn Deria
  • Somali: Cabdillaahi Diiriye
Sultan Rashid Abdillahi
  • Rashid ibn Abdallah
  • Somali: Rashiid Cabdillaahi
Sultan Abdiqadir Abdillahi
  • Abdulqadir ibn Abdallah
  • Somali: Cabdiqaadir Cabdillaahi
Sultan Mahamed Abdiqadir
  • Muhammad ibn Abdulqadir
  • Somali: Maxamed Cabdiqaadir
Sultan Daud Mahamed
  • Da'ud ibn Muhammad
  • Somali: Daa'uud Maxamed

Family tree edit

References edit

{Member of Guled Suldan family named Abdikadir Vaisal}Sons Of Sultan Guled.

  1. ^ "Madaxweyne Muuse Biixi Oo Ka Qeyb Galay Aaska Qaran Ee Loo Sameeyay Marxuum Suldaan Maxamed Suldaan Cabdiqaadir". 2021-02-13. Retrieved 2021-10-10."Britain mourns top Somaliland's Sultan". Garowe Online. Retrieved 2022-02-23.
  2. ^ a b Mohammed Abdi Hassan Diridhaba (13 February 2021). "Maxaad ka taqaana Saldanada Ugu Faca Weyn Beesha Isaaq oo Tirsata 300 sanno ku dhawaad?". Somaliland Post (in Somali). Retrieved 2 October 2021.
  3. ^ Genealogies of the Somal. Eyre and Spottiswoode (London). 1896.