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Guillaume-Antoine Olivier (19 January 1756, Toulon – 1 October 1814, Lyon) was a French entomologist.

Guillaume-Antoine Olivier
Olivier Guillaume Antoine 1756-1814.png
Born(1756-01-19)19 January 1756
Died1 October 1814(1814-10-01) (aged 58)
NationalityFrench
Scientific career
Fields

Contents

LifeEdit

Olivier studied medicine in Montpellier, where he became good friends with Pierre Marie Auguste Broussonet. With Jean Guillaume Bruguière and Jean-Baptiste Lamarck, he collaborated in the creation of Journal d'Histoire Naturelle (1792). Afterwards, he served as a naturalist on a 6-year scientific journey that took him to Asia Minor, Persia, Egypt, Cyprus and Corfu. He returned to France in 1798 with a large collection of natural history specimens from his travels. Later, he was associated with the École nationale vétérinaire d'Alfort, where in 1811, he was appointed professor of zoology.[1] Olivier was a close friend of Johan Christian Fabricius and a patron of Pierre André Latreille.[2]

Although primarily an entomologist, Olivieri also worked in the scientific field of herpetology, describing several new species of Asian lizards.[3] He also described a few plant species, including Prunus arabica and Quercus libani.

WorksEdit

 
A plate from Entomologie, ou histoire naturelle des Insectes, 1808

Olivier was the author of Coléoptères Paris Baudouin 1789 -1808 (11 editions),[4] Entomologie, ou histoire naturelle des Insectes (1808) and Le Voyage dans l'Empire Othoman, l'Égypte et la Perse (1807). He was a contributor to Encyclopédie Méthodique.

LegacyEdit

Today, most of his collection is housed at the Museum National d'Histoire Naturelle in Paris.[5]

A species of lizard, Mesalina olivieri, is named in his honor.[6]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ JSTOR Global Plants (biography)
  2. ^ "Guillaume Olivier 1756–1814". University of Nebraska–Lincoln. Retrieved October 2, 2010.
  3. ^ "Olivier". The Reptile Database. www.reptile-database.org.
  4. ^ Olivier, Guillaume Antoine (1789). Entomologie, ou, Histoire naturelle des insectes : avec leurs caractères génériques et spécifiques, leur description, leur synonymie, et leur enluminée / Coléoptères. Paris, France: De l'Imprimerie de Baudoin. doi:10.5962/bhl.title.61905.
  5. ^ University of Nebraska-Lincoln State Museum - Division of Entomology (biographical information)
  6. ^ Beolens B, Watkins M, Grayson M (2011). The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. xiii + 296 pp. ISBN 978-1-4214-0135-5. ("Olivieri", pp. 194-195).

External linksEdit