Guildford, Western Australia

Guildford is a suburb of Perth, Western Australia, 12 km northeast of the city centre within the City of Swan. Guildford was founded in 1829 as one of the earliest settlements of the Swan River Colony. It is one of only three towns in the metropolitan area listed on the Register of the National Trust.

Guildford
PerthWestern Australia
Guildford gnangarra 040415-128.jpg
James Street
Guildford is located in Perth
Guildford
Guildford
Coordinates31°54′00″S 115°58′23″E / 31.9°S 115.973°E / -31.9; 115.973Coordinates: 31°54′00″S 115°58′23″E / 31.9°S 115.973°E / -31.9; 115.973
Population2,011 (2016 census)[1]
Established1829
Postcode(s)6055
Location13 km (8 mi) NE of Perth
LGA(s)City of Swan
State electorate(s)Midland
Federal Division(s)Division of Hasluck
Suburbs around Guildford:
Eden Hill Caversham Woodbridge
Bassendean Guildford Hazelmere
Bassendean South Guildford Hazelmere

HistoryEdit

Guildford was established in 1829 at the confluence of the Helena River and Swan River, being sited near a permanent fresh water supply.

During Captain Stirling's exploration for a suitable site to establish a colony on the western side of the Australian continent in the late 1820s, the exploration party of boats found a fresh water stream across the river from the site of Guildford which they called Success Hill.

Guildford was originally the centre of the Swan River Colony before Perth succeeded in being the dominant location on the Swan Coastal Plain.[citation needed]

Guildford was originally the political centre of what is now called the City of Swan. The original council chambers have been converted to a library. Alongside the library stands the town hall; behind this is the stables built for the councillors while attending meetings and as a depot for council equipment. These stables have been converted and are now the home of the Garrick Theatre, which is the oldest operating theatre group in Western Australia. The original structure is still visible. The roof still has its original shingles in place, though from the outside they have been covered by corrugated galvanised iron .

It also houses the oldest government funded primary school in Western Australia.

Notable residentsEdit

 
Alfred's Kitchen

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ "2016 Census QuickStats: Guildford (WA)". Australian Bureau of Statistics. 23 October 2017. Retrieved 19 October 2020.
  2. ^ Abdullah, Yasmin Jill (2007). "Abdullah, George Cyril (1919–1984)". Australian Dictionary of Biography. ADU. Retrieved 30 March 2015.
  3. ^ Smith, Kevin P. (1983). "Harper, Charles Walter (1880–1956)". Australian Dictionary of Biography. ANU. Retrieved 30 March 2015.
  4. ^ Medcalf, M (2005). "Wood, Malvina Evalyn (1893–1976)". Australian Dictionary of Biography. UDA. Retrieved 30 March 2015.

ReferencesEdit

  • Bourke, M. J. (Michael Joseph), (1971) Old buildings at Guildford [microform] ( Microfilm copy of typescript ([240, 190] leaves) and illustrations prepared for University of Western Australia, Faculty of Architecture, 1971.)