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Guihulngan, officially the City of Guihulngan, (Cebuano: Dakbayan sa Guihulngan; Tagalog: Lungsod ng Guihulngan; Spanish: Ciudad de Guijúlñgan ) or simply Guihulngan City, is a 5th class city in the province of Negros Oriental, Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 95,969 people,[3] the third-most populous city in Negros Oriental after the cities of Dumaguete and Bayawan. Guihulngan is also known as the “rising city of the north”.

Guihulngan
City of Guihulngan
Guihulngan Rizal Freedom Park
Guihulngan Rizal Freedom Park
Official seal of Guihulngan
Seal
Motto(s): 
Abanté Guihulngan!
Map of Negros Oriental with Guihulngan highlighted
Map of Negros Oriental with Guihulngan highlighted
Guihulngan is located in Philippines
Guihulngan
Guihulngan
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 10°07′N 123°16′E / 10.12°N 123.27°E / 10.12; 123.27Coordinates: 10°07′N 123°16′E / 10.12°N 123.27°E / 10.12; 123.27
Country Philippines
RegionCentral Visayas (Region VII)
ProvinceNegros Oriental
District1st district of Negros Oriental
Barangays33 (see Barangays)
Government
[1]
 • TypeSangguniang Panlungsod
 • MayorCarlo Jorge Joan "Guido" L. Reyes
 • Vice MayorErnesto A. Reyes
 • CongressmanJocelyn S. Limkaichong
 • Electorate54,571 voters (2016)
Area
[2]
 • Total388.56 km2 (150.02 sq mi)
Population
 (2015 census)[3]
 • Total95,969
 • Density250/km2 (640/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+8 (PST)
ZIP code
6214
PSGC
IDD:area code+63 (0)34
Climate typetropical climate
Income class5th city income class
Revenue (₱)556 million  (2016)
Native languagesCebuano
Tagalog
Major religionsChristianity
Websitewww.guihulngan.gov.ph

BarangaysEdit

Guihulngan is politically subdivided into 33 barangays.

  • Bakid
  • Balogo
  • Banwague
  • Basak
  • Binobohan
  • Buenavista
  • Bulado
  • Calamba
  • Calupa-an
  • Hibaiyo
  • Hilaitan
  • Hinakpan
  • Humayhumay
  • Imelda
  • Kagawasan
  • Linantuyan
  • Luz
  • Mabunga
  • Mckinley
  • Nagsaha
  • Magsaysay
  • Malusay
  • Mani-ak
  • Padre Zamora
  • Plagatasanon
  • Planas
  • Poblacion
  • Sandayao
  • Tacpao
  • Tinayunan Beach
  • Tinayunan Hill
  • Trinidad
  • Villegas

HistoryEdit

There are several versions how the city derived its name. The first, according to old tales, was attributed to a river flowing directly to the town proper from the main spring in sitio Anahaw, Barangay Nagsaha, hence the name "GUIPADULNGAN" which means the point where the river flows to an end.

Some of the towns of early creation were founded at the close of the 18th century and the beginning of the a9th. Dauin, for example, was foundaed in 1787, Tayasan, in 1790; Jimalalud, in 1797; Guijulñgan, in 1800; and Bacong, in 1801.[4]

As constituted in 1898, it included the following towns: Amblan, Ayungon, Ayuquitan, Bacong, Bais, Bayanan, Canoan, Dauin, Dumaguete (capital), Guijulñgan, Manjuyod, Nueva Valencia, Siaton, Tanjay, Tayasan, Tolon, and Zamboanguita.[5]

The second is associated with the gruesome incident in the 19th Century when the Philippines was a colony of Spain; men and women of different ages were said to be captured, beheaded and thrown into the sea by the Moros, now known as Tañon Strait. Other accounts claim that the Moro invaders dropped a bell into the sea when they found out that it was used by the lookout to warn the townsfolk of their coming. Since that time, the place has been called "GUIHULUGAN" which means, "Place where a thing was dropped". But in the Spanish writing, "U" and "N" are similar, which is why it became commonly written and known as GUIHULNGAN.

Whether it originated as "GUIPADULNGAN" or "GUIHULNGAN", the name is indeed symbolic, as the town is “dropped” with abundant blessings from the Almighty for a significant "end".[6]

CityhoodEdit

Guihulngan was already the largest municipality in Negros Oriental when, in July 2007, a popular referendum was passed declaring it a city.[7]

DemographicsEdit

YearPop.±% p.a.
1903 14,415—    
1918 31,069+5.25%
1939 53,582+2.63%
1948 89,745+5.90%
1960 92,993+0.30%
1970 72,969−2.39%
1975 80,041+1.87%
1980 84,156+1.01%
1990 74,493−1.21%
1995 80,660+1.50%
2000 84,607+1.03%
2007 91,358+1.06%
2010 93,675+0.92%
2015 95,969+0.46%
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority[3][8][9][10]

College and UniversityEdit

Negros Oriental State University - Guihulngan Campus is a state university in the province of Negros Oriental.

St. Francis College Guihulngan (SFC-G) is a private institution located in Bateria, Guihulngan, Negros Oriental. Inspired by the Charism of St. Francis of Asissi, it was founded by three Franciscan friars.

LandmarksEdit

A huge bell with a Carabao was served as the main attraction of the city located at the side of Justice Hall along the National Highway.

 
Guihulngan Mega Market surrounded by green trees and the deep blue Tañon Strait.

Guihulngan Mega Market The two-story newly built Mega Market has become one of the newest architectural landmarks in the City.

FestivalEdit

Cara-Bell Festival (Every 24th of May) – Legend has it that marauding pirates used to slaughter natives of the town and drop their corpses into the sea. Guihulugan Festival of Guihulngan is usually celebrated on the 24th of May. This festival is also referred to as the Cara-Bell Festival because of a story about a bell that saved the lives of the natives. According to some legends of the olden days, Moro pirates sailed the lands of Negros Oriental.

TransportationEdit

Mactan-Cebu International Airport is the closest major airport to Guihulngan, although it lies on Cebu Island just to the east. Fast ferries serve Guihulngan from Cebu. Alternatively, flights go from Cebu Airport and Manila to Dumaguete Airport, from where buses run from Dumaguete City to Guihulngan, 120 kilometres (75 mi) north.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "City". Quezon City, Philippines: Department of the Interior and Local Government. Retrieved 30 May 2013.
  2. ^ "Province:". PSGC Interactive. Quezon City, Philippines: Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 12 November 2016.
  3. ^ a b c Census of Population (2015). "Region VII (Central Visayas)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved 20 June 2016.
  4. ^ Felipe, Buencamino. "Census of the Philippine Islands taken under the direction of the Philippine Legislature in the year 1918". archive.org. Publisher Manila, Bureau of printing. Retrieved 8 March 2019.
  5. ^ Felipe, Buencamino. "Census of the Philippine Islands taken under the direction of the Philippine Legislature in the year 1918". archive.org. Publisher Manila, Bureau of printing. Retrieved 8 March 2019.
  6. ^ Guihulngan - Inside Negros
  7. ^ Gallarde, Juancho (July 17, 2007). "Guihulgnan becomes sixth city of NegOr". Visayan Daily Star . Retrieved July 28, 2009.CS1 maint: extra punctuation (link)
  8. ^ Census of Population and Housing (2010). "Region VII (Central Visayas)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. NSO. Retrieved 29 June 2016.
  9. ^ Censuses of Population (1903–2007). "Region VII (Central Visayas)". Table 1. Population Enumerated in Various Censuses by Province/Highly Urbanized City: 1903 to 2007. NSO.
  10. ^ "Province of". Municipality Population Data. Local Water Utilities Administration Research Division. Retrieved 17 December 2016.

External linksEdit