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Guardian: The Lonely and Great God

Guardian: The Lonely and Great God[4] (Hangul쓸쓸하고 찬란하神 – 도깨비; RRSseulsseulhago Chanlanhasin – Dokkaebi), known internationally as simply Goblin, and in South Korea known as simply Dokkaebi, is a South Korean television series starring Gong Yoo, Kim Go-eun, Lee Dong-wook, Yoo In-na, and Yook Sung-jae. It aired on cable network tvN every Friday and Saturday at 20:00 starting December 2, 2016 until January 21, 2017.[5][6]

Guardian: The Lonely and Great God
Golbin Poster.jpg
Promotional poster
Also known as Goblin[1]
Original title 쓸쓸하고 찬란하神 – 도깨비
Genre
Created by Studio Dragon
Written by Kim Eun-sook
Directed by
  • Lee Eung-bok (Ep. 1-16)
  • Kwon Hyuk-chan (Ep. 5-16)
  • Yoon Jong-ho (Ep. 3-16)
Creative director(s)
  • Yoon Jong-ho (Ep. 1-2)
  • Jung Ji-hyun (Ep. 1-16)
  • Kim Sung-jin (Ep. 1-16)
Starring
Opening theme "Round and Round" by Heize & Han Soo-ji
Ending theme "Stay With Me" by Chanyeol and Punch
Composer(s) Nam Hye-seung
Country of origin South Korea
Original language(s) Korean
No. of episodes 16 + 3 specials[2]
Production
Executive producer(s)
  • Kim Beom-rae
  • Yoon Ha-rim
Producer(s)
  • Joo Kyung-ha
  • Kim Ji-yeon
Location(s)
Cinematography
  • Park Sung-yong
  • Kang Yoon-soon
Editor(s) Lee Sang-rok
Camera setup Single-camera
Running time 60-90 mins[3]
Production company(s) Hwa and Dam Pictures
Distributor tvN
Release
Original network tvN
Picture format 1080i (HDTV)
Audio format Dolby Digital
Original release December 2, 2016 (2016-12-02) – January 21, 2017 (2017-01-21)
External links
Website program.tving.com/tvn/dokebi
Production
website
www.studiodragon.net/front/kr/works/portfolio_view?class1=&cpage=6&idx=31
Korean name
Hangul 쓸쓸하고 찬란하신 – 도깨비
Hanja 쓸쓸하고 燦爛하神 – 도깨비
Revised Romanization sseulsseulhago challanhasin – Dokkaebi
McCune–Reischauer ssŭlssŭlhago ch'allanhasin - Tokkaebi

Its final episode recorded an 18.68% nationwide audience share making it the second highest rated drama in Korean cable television history, behind Reply 1988.[7] It received critical acclaim and became a cultural phenomenon in South Korea.[8]

Contents

SynopsisEdit

Kim Shin (Gong Yoo) is a goblin and protector of souls. He is the landlord of the grim reaper (Lee Dong-wook) who is in charge of taking deceased souls. Shin doesn't want immortality anymore but needs a human goblin's bride in order to end his long life. Meanwhile, Ji Eun-tak (Kim Go-eun) is a high school student who despite her painful reality, remains optimistic. She summons the goblin by chance and through various encounters, ends up falling in love with him. Sunny (Yoo In-na) is an owner of a chicken wing shop, a woman who is loved by all men and is also the reincarnation of the goblin's sister. These four people's lives change when they encounter and their lives become entangled.

CastEdit

MainEdit

A 939-year-old immortal goblin and protector of souls who is in search for his bride, the only one who can remove the sword piercing through his chest. Once the sword is removed, he may finally move to the afterlife and rest in peace. He possesses supernatural powers that come with his immortality but he has to pay a huge price for this. He feels lonely as he has to watch his loved ones leaving him behind when their lifespan ends.
An optimistic and bubbly high school student and is the legendary Goblin's bride. She can see ghosts due to her way of birth, and is immune to the Goblin's power.
A good-looking, cynical yet humorous character grim reaper (grim reapers receive their jobs as a punishment for committing the greatest of sins in their past lives) who guides souls to their reincarnations or afterlives. Along with the other grim reapers, he has no memory of his past lives. He has a strong friendship with the Goblin.
The attractive owner of a chicken restaurant who falls in love with the Grim Reaper. She is constantly confused by the Grim Reaper's constant social awkwardness, but is intrigued by him otherwise. She is also the younger sister of Kim Shin.
A rebellious yet kind-hearted chaebol heir and the only grandson of the Yoo family, a household that has the responsibility of taking care of the Goblin. Living with the Goblin and the Grim Reaper, Deok-hwa learns of their true identities, and the trio grow to be strong friends.

SupportingEdit

  • Lee El as Samshin, Goddess of Birth and Fate
  • Kim Sung-kyum as Chairman Yoo Shin-woo, Deok-hwa's grandfather
  • Yum Hye-ran as Ji Yeon-suk, Eun-tak's aunt
  • Jung Young-gi as Park Kyung-shik, Eun-tak's male cousin
  • Choi Ri as Park Kyung-mi, Eun-tak's female cousin
  • Jo Woo-jin as Kim Do-young, Deok-hwa's secretary

ExtendedEdit

  • Hwang Seok-jeong as triplet sisters; 2 of them as a shaman fortune teller and a ghost
  • Park Kyung-hye as ghost trying to take Eun-tak with her
  • Park Se-wan as ghost wearing glasses (Ep. 5)
  • Kim So-ra as Lee Jung-hwa
  • Ko Bo-gyeol as Kim Yoo-na, Eun-tak's class president
  • Lee Moon-soo as an old man from the Goryeo era who kept Kim Shin's body
  • Yoon Kyung-ho as Kim Woo-sik, Kim Shin's loyal lieutenant from the Goryeo era
  • Kim Byung-chul as Park Joong-heon, a cunning and manipulative eunuch from the Goryeo Dynasty
  • Nam Da-reum as Kim Soo-bok, boy who met Kim Shin in Canada
  • Kim Nan-hee as Eun-tak's teacher
  • Kim Min-young as Soo-jin, Eun-tak's schoolmate
  • Ma Min-hee as one of Soo-jin's school friends
  • Yoon Hee-kyung as one of Soo-jin's school friends
  • Choi Woong as Wang Yeo's junior grim reaper
  • Kim Ki-doo as one of the junior grim reapers
  • Jo Hyun-sik as Loan shark
  • Yoon Joo-man as Loan shark
  • Yun Da-yeong as a female grim Reaper
  • Ahn Ji-hyun as Go Jung-hyun; Eun-tak's ghost friend
  • Choi Ji-hyun
  • Ahn Doo-ho
  • Lee Seul-bi as vain woman at cafe
  • Yoon Kyung-ho
  • Lee Han-seo as girl giving Eun-tak a book
  • Sung Nak-kyung as Na Kyung-won
  • Kim Nam-hee
  • Kang Jung-goo
  • Seol Yoo-jin
  • Oh Yoo-mi
  • Ko Ja-eun
  • Lee Na-hyun
  • Kim Ian
  • Kim Do-joon
  • Yoon Boo-jin as Eun-tak's house landlady
  • Kim Mi-hye
  • Yoo Yeong-bok
  • Hwang In-joon as detective
  • Ahn Sung-geon
  • Seo Hye-jin
  • Kim Seo-jung
  • Kim In-hee
  • Jung Ji-eun
  • Lee Seung-yeon
  • Kim Ji-hoon
  • Kim Yoo-jung
  • Hong Boo-hyang as mother of the ghost with glasses (Ep. 5)

Special appearancesEdit

ProductionEdit

 
Lee, Gong and Kim at the drama's press conference, November 2016

The series was written by Kim Eun-sook, who also wrote the popular series Secret Garden (2010), The Heirs (2013) and Descendants of the Sun (2016). The drama marked her second collaboration with director Lee Eun-bok after both worked on Descendants.[19][20]

The first script-reading was held at Nuri Dream Square in Sangam-dong, Seoul, South Korea, on 30 August 2016.[21] The Goryeo-era flashback scenes were filmed on Gimje, North Jeolla Province in September 22[22][23] for the battlefield scenes, while the palace scenes were shot at Naju Image Theme Park.[24] Goblin and Grim Reaper's house (external shots) was filmed at (formerly) Unhyeongung's Western House,[25] presently inside Duksung Women's University (utilized for administration offices).[26]

Overseas filming mainly took place in Quebec City, Canada in October,[27] featuring locations such as the Château Frontenac, Parc du Bastion-de-la-Reine (the Yoo family cemetery), Petit Champlain (Goblin's door to Canada), & the Fontaine de Tourny.[28][29] The red door, which in reality is the emergency exit of the Théâtre Petit Champlain (fr), and other sites in Quebec City associated with the show have begun to attract numerous fans of the series.[30][31]

The crew was awarded a special vacation to Phuket, Thailand after the end of the drama.[32]

Original soundtrackEdit

OST Part 1Edit

Guardian: The Lonely and Great God OST
Soundtrack album
Studio CJ E&M Music Studios
Genre Pop, K-pop, Rap, Soundtrack
Language Korean, English
Label CJ E&M, Hwa & Dam Pictures
Able9 (China)[33]
No. Title Artists Length
1. "Stay With Me" Chanyeol (EXO), Punch 03:13
2. "Stay With Me" (Inst.)   03:13
Total length: 06:26

OST Part 2Edit

No. Title Artists Length
1. "My Eyes" (내 눈에만 보여) 10cm 02:37
2. "My Eyes" (Inst.)   02:37
Total length: 05:14

OST Part 3Edit

No. Title Artists Length
1. "Hush" Lasse Lindh 04:20
Total length: 04:20

OST Part 4Edit

No. Title Artists Length
1. "Beautiful[34]" Crush 3:48
2. "Beautiful" (Inst.)   3:48
Total length: 7:36

OST Part 5Edit

No. Title Artists Length
1. "You Are So Beautiful" (이쁘다니까) Eddy Kim 03:16
2. "You Are So Beautiful" (Inst.)   03:16
Total length: 06:32

OST Part 6Edit

No. Title Artists Length
1. "Who Are You" Sam Kim 04:16
2. "Who Are You" (Inst.)   04:16
Total length: 08:32

OST Part 7Edit

No. Title Artists Length
1. "I Miss You" Soyou (Sistar) 02:50
2. "I Miss You" (Inst.)   02:50
Total length: 05:40

OST Part 8Edit

No. Title Artists Length
1. "First Snow" (첫 눈) Jung Joon Il 04:57
2. "First Snow" (Inst.)   04:57
Total length: 09:54

OST Part 9Edit

No. Title Artist Length
1. "I Will Go to You Like the First Snow[35]" (첫눈처럼 너에게 가겠다) Ailee 03:50
2. "I Will Go to You Like the First Snow" (Inst.)   03:50
Total length: 07:40

OST Part 10Edit

No. Title Artists Length
1. "Wish[35]" (소원) Urban Zakapa 03:56
2. "Wish" (Inst.)   03:56
Total length: 07:52

OST Part 11Edit

No. Title Artists Length
1. "And I'm here" Kim Kyung Hee (April 2nd) 04:08
2. "Winter is coming" Han Soo Ji 02:30
3. "Stuck in love" Kim Kyung Hee (April 2nd) 02:39
Total length: 09:17

OST Part 12Edit

No. Title Artists Length
1. "HEAVEN" Roy Kim, Kim EZ (GGot Jam Project) 04:20
2. "HEAVEN" (Inst.)   04:20
Total length: 08:40

OST Part 13Edit

No. Title Artists Length
1. "LOVE[36]" Mamamoo 02:58
2. "LOVE" (Inst.)   02:58
Total length: 05:56

OST Part 14Edit

There was a controversy surrounding the release of the song “Round and Round”. Originally, the song was sung by Han Soo-ji. However, when the song was officially released, Han was merely a featuring on the track, which was sung by Heize. This caused dissatisfaction among fans, who loved Han's voice. CJ E&M released an official apology, saying that Han was enlisted to record just the first 50 seconds of the song, but the writer of the song, Nam Hye-seung, requested since the beginning that the full song be sung by another vocalist.[37]

No. Title Artists Length
1. "Round and Round" Heize & Han Soo-ji 03:22
2. "Round and Round" (Inst.)   03:22
Total length: 06:44

Chart performanceEdit

ReceptionEdit

The drama was a hit and consistently topped cable television viewership ratings in its timeslot. Its final episode recorded an 18.680% nationwide audience share according to Nielsen paid platform, making the episode the second highest rated in Korean cable television history.[7] It became the first cable drama to surpass 20% ratings.[55][56] It was also popular among the international audience,[57] which led to parodies of the drama on various social media sites, notably by both celebrities and political figures.[58]

The drama has also sparked various fashion trends.[59][60] Items and accessories worn by the cast members, such as the Lavin coat worn by Gong Yoo, Lancôme lipstick used by Kim Go-eun[61] and Fedora worn by Lee Dong-wook[62] saw an increase in sales. Kim In-yook's poetry book, The Physics of Love, gained renewed attention after one of its verses was featured in the drama.[63] There was also an increase in visitors at the various filming sites of Guardian, which contributed to a positive economic effect on the country.[64] Additionally, original soundtracks featured in the series also topped local digital music charts.[65][66] Since 2017, it has surpassed Descendants of the Sun (2016) in video-on-demand sales.[67][68]

Its success was attributed to the creative plot.[69] The Korea Times stated, "...the depth of perspective looking at life of the goblin that bears a bloody sword in his chest and has been given eternal life as punishment, immerses the audience into the fantasy story. The twist and complexity of life and death make the story more interesting."[70]

Despite its success, Guardian was criticized for its several consumer product placements (as well as Kim Eun-sook's previous hit-drama Descendants of the Sun in 2016)[71][72] which drew an estimated 2-4 billion KRW from revenue.[73][74][75] TV and cultural critics also criticized various aspects of the drama, such as its strong emphasis on Cinderella complex and the huge age gap of the lead characters, which might lead to a decline in female's social status.[73] It was also criticized for its over-dramatic plot.[74]

RatingsEdit

In the table below, the blue numbers represent the lowest ratings and the red numbers represent the highest ratings.

Episode # Original broadcast date AGB Nielsen

Ratings[76][77]

TNmS Ratings[78]
Nationwide Seoul
1 December 2, 2016 6.322% 7.540% 6.7%
2 December 3, 2016 7.904% 10.024% 8.1%
3 December 9, 2016 12.471% 14.274% 12.0%
4 December 10, 2016 11.373% 13.768% 12.7%
5 December 16, 2016 11.507% 12.075% 14.0%
6 December 17, 2016 11.618% 14.772% 13.0%
7 December 23, 2016 12.297% 13.993% 13.5%
8 December 24, 2016 12.344% 14.748% 11.6%
9 December 30, 2016 12.933% 13.333% 14.6%
10 December 31, 2016 12.702% 14.551% 13.3%
11 January 6, 2017 13.894% 15.749% 14.8%
12 January 7, 2017 13.712% 15.680% 14.6%
13 January 13, 2017 14.254% 16.525% 15.3%
14 January 20, 2017 16.043% 17.767% 16.3%
15 January 21, 2017 16.917% 18.829% 19.6%
16 18.680% 20.986%
Average 12.924% 14.729% 13.7%
Special January 14, 2017 9.427% 11.786% 9.1%[79]
February 3, 2017 3.606% 5.050% 3.9%[80]
February 4, 2017 4.075% 5.582% 4.2%[80]
  • This drama aired on a cable channel/pay TV which normally has a relatively smaller audience compared to free-to-air TV/public broadcasters (KBS, SBS, MBC & EBS).
  • Episode 14 was post-poned as additional time was needed to work on the special graphics.[81]
  • Episodes 15 and 16 aired back-to-back on January 21, 2017.

Awards and nominationsEdit

Year Award Category Recipient Result Ref.
2017
First Brand Awards
Special Award Guardian: The Lonely and Great God Won
11th Korean Cable TV Awards
Best Drama Won [82]
Best OST Ailee (I Will Go to You Like the First Snow) Won
Rising Star Award Yook Sung-jae Won
VOD Broadcasting Guardian: The Lonely and Great God Won
5th Annual DramaFever Awards
Best Actor Gong Yoo Won [83]
Best Supporting Actor Lee Dong-wook Won
Best Supporting Actress Yoo In-na Won
Best Couple Gong Yoo & Kim Go-eun Won
Best Melodrama Guardian: The Lonely and Great God Won
53rd Baeksang Arts Awards
Grand Prize Kim Eun-sook Won [84]
Best Drama Guardian: The Lonely and Great God Nominated
Best Director Lee Eung-bok Nominated
Best Screenplay Kim Eun-sook Nominated
Best Actor Gong Yoo Won [84]
Best Actress Kim Go-eun Nominated
12th Asia Model Awards
Asia OST Popularity Chanyeol (EXO), Punch (Stay With Me) Won
Brand of the Year Awards
Actor of the Year Gong Yoo Won
12th Seoul International Drama Awards
Outstanding Korean Drama OST Ailee (I Will Go to You Like the First Snow) Won [85]
1st Soribada Best K-Music Awards
Best Hallyu OST Won [86]
10th Korea Drama Awards
Best Drama Guardian: The Lonely and Great God Won [87][88]
Best Production Director Lee Eung-bok Nominated
Best Screenplay Kim Eun-sook Nominated
Top Excellence Award, Actor Lee Dong-wook Nominated
Top Excellence Award, Actress Kim Go-eun Nominated
Excellence Award, Actress Yoo In-na Nominated
Best New Actor Yook Sung-jae Won
Best Original Soundtrack Crush (Beautiful) Nominated
Soyou (I Miss You) Nominated
Star of the Year Award Yook Sung-jae Won
Popular Character Award Kim Byung-chul Won
Park Kyung-hye Won
3rd Fashionista Awards
Global Icon Lee Dong-wook Nominated
Best Fashionista – TV & Film Division Gong Yoo Nominated
Yoo In-na Nominated
2nd Asia Artist Awards
Best OST Award Ailee (I Will Go to You Like the First Snow) Won [89]
19th Mnet Asian Music Awards
Best OST Chanyeol (EXO), Punch (Stay With Me) Pending [90]
Crush (Beautiful) Pending
Ailee (I Will Go to You Like the First Snow) Pending
9th Melon Music Awards
Song of the Year Pending [91]
Best OST Award Pending
Kakao Hot Star Pending
Crush (Beautiful) Pending

International broadcastEdit

  • In Brunei, Hong Kong, Indonesia, Malaysia and Singapore, the drama aired on Oh!K with subtitles. It was retitled as "Goblin" in promotional materials and during broadcast.[92] It premiered on December 3, 2016 24 hours after its original broadcast in South Korea.[93]
  • In Sri Lanka, Brunei, Malaysia, the Maldives and Vietnam, the drama is available to stream on-demand on Iflix. It was retitled as "Goblin" in promotional materials.[94] During its original run, episodes of the drama were exclusively streamed on Iflix within 24 hours of its original South Korean broadcast with subtitles between December 3, 2016 and January 22, 2017.[95][96][97][98]
  • In Japan, the drama premiered in March 2017 on Mnet Japan.[99]
  • The series is available on-demand on Viu in Hong Kong, Singapore, Indonesia and Malaysia with English, Chinese, Indonesian and Malay subtitles.
  • Outside of Asia, the drama streams on DramaFever with subtitles.
  • In Thailand, the drama will start airing in early 2017 on True4U.[100]
  • In the Philippines, the series premiered on ABS-CBN on May 8, 2017, replacing Love in the Moonlight on its Primetime Bida block. It was dubbed in Filipino.[101]
  • In Cambodia, the drama premiered on July 24, 2017 on Town TV.
  • In Indonesia, it aired on Global TV, on Mondays to Fridays at 14:00 starting October 2, 2017.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "'Guardian' -- not 'Goblin'". Kpop Herald. 7 December 2016. 
  2. ^ "Special episodes reveal 'Guardian' behind the scenes". The Korea Herald. 5 February 2017. 
  3. ^ "'도깨비', 1·2회 90분 특별 편성" (in Korean). Star E Daily. Retrieved 2016-12-01. 
  4. ^ Guardian: The Lonely and Great God. tvN Drama via Youtube. 2 December 2016. Retrieved 2016-12-02. 
  5. ^ "Highlights of fantasy drama 'Goblin' starring top star Gong Yoo". Yonhap News Agency. 23 November 2016. 
  6. ^ "[단독] 김고은, 공유의 여자 된다..김은숙 신작 주인공" (in Korean). Osen. Retrieved 2016-10-14. 
  7. ^ a b "January 21, 2017 Nationwide Cable Ratings" (in Korean). Nielsen Korea. 1st (tvN) 쓸쓸하고찬란하신도깨비<본> 18.680% 
  8. ^ "Goblin Rom-Com Sets New Milestone for Cable Soaps". The Chosun Ilbo. 23 January 2017. 
  9. ^ "Gong Yoo nabs lead role in romance drama". Korea JoongAng Daily. 22 April 2016. 
  10. ^ "Gong Yoo picked for 'Descendants of the Sun' scriptwriter's next drama". The Korea Herald. 21 April 2016. 
  11. ^ "Kim Go-eun nabs lead role in 'Goblin' drama". Korea JoongAng Daily. 27 May 2016. 
  12. ^ "[단독] 김고은, 공유의 여자 된다…김은숙 신작 주인공". 네이트뉴스 (in Korean). Retrieved 2016-10-14. 
  13. ^ "'도깨비' 이동욱, 저승사자→왕여 변신…비극적 운명 예고" (in Korean). Sports Khan. 5 January 2017. Retrieved 2017-01-05. 
  14. ^ a b "'Goblin' will star Yoo and Yook". Korea JoongAng Daily. 31 August 2016. 
  15. ^ "BTOB's Yook Sung-jae cast for new drama 'Goblin'". Kpop Herald. 6 September 2016. 
  16. ^ "[XP초점] '도깨비' 김민재♥김소현, 짧은 분량 긴 여운…이토록 애틋하다니" (in Korean). Xports News. Retrieved 2017-01-22. 
  17. ^ "김소현 측 "'도깨비' 특별출연… 캐릭터 비중 높다" [공식입장]" (in Korean). Sports Donga. Retrieved 2016-10-14. 
  18. ^ "[Oh!쎈 톡] '도깨비' 정해인 "잘생긴 태희오빠?..공유 선배가 더 멋지죠"" (in Korean). Osen. 30 December 2016. 
  19. ^ "극구 부인하던 tvN ´도깨비´, 결국 ´태후´ 이응복 PD가 연출 – 일간스포츠". Joins. 29 August 2016. Retrieved 2016-12-03. 
  20. ^ "'Descendants' writer, director team up for new fantasy piece". The Korea Herald. 22 November 2016. Retrieved 2016-12-03. 
  21. ^ "'도깨비' 대본리딩 현장, 공유-김고은 케미 어땠나" (in Korean). Newsen. Retrieved 2016-10-14. 
  22. ^ "'도깨비' 공유, '찬란하神' 장군 눈빛...데뷔 첫 사극 연기 도전" (in Korean). 10Asia. Retrieved 2016-11-15. 
  23. ^ "'도깨비' 공유, 우수에 찬 첫 촬영 포착…몽환적 분위기" (in Korean). My Daily. Retrieved 2016-10-14. 
  24. ^ "K-Drama 'Goblin' – Filming Locations in Korea". ntd.tv. 15 March 2017. 
  25. ^ "운현궁 양관". Naver Blog (in Korean). 길벗 (011gilbut). February 4, 2014. Retrieved 2017-03-20. 
  26. ^ "Where goblin and mermaid roam". The Korea Herald. 10 January 2017. 
  27. ^ "'Goblin' teaser accompanies fall foliage in Quebec". Kpop Herald. 15 November 2016. 
  28. ^ "Le "Brad Pitt" de la Corée du Sud en tournage à Québec" (in French). La Presse. Retrieved 2016-10-14. 
  29. ^ ICI.Radio-Canada.ca, Zone Arts -. "Tournage d'une méga série sud-coréenne à Québec" (in French). Radio-Canada.ca. Retrieved 2016-10-14. 
  30. ^ Porter, Isabelle (11 July 2017). "La porte magique de Québec: Les abords du Château Frontenac deviennent des lieux-cultes pour les adeptes d'une série fantastique sud-coréenne". Le Devoir. 
  31. ^ Montgomery, Angelica (12 July 2017). "How a popular Korean soap opera is drawing Asian tourists to Quebec City". CBC News. Retrieved 2017-07-14. 
  32. ^ "Guess where the 'Guardian' cast is going on holiday". Kpop Herald. 17 January 2017. 
  33. ^ "쓸쓸하고찬란하神-도깨비 OST (孤单又灿烂的神-鬼怪 OST)" [Guardian: The Lonely and Great God OST] (in Chinese). QQ Music. April 2, 2017. Retrieved April 2, 2017. 
  34. ^ "Crush sings soundtrack for 'Guardian'". Kpop Herald. 16 December 2015. 
  35. ^ a b "Ailee, Urban Zakapa join drama soundtrack". Korea JoongAng Daily. 7 January 2017. 
  36. ^ "Mamamoo to sing 'Guardian' soundtrack". Kpop Herald. 7 December 2016. 
  37. ^ "Artists point fingers over song controversy". Korea JoongAng Daily. 26 January 2017. 
  38. ^ Cumulative sales for "Stay With Me":
  39. ^ Cumulative sales "My Eyes":
  40. ^ Cumulative sales for "Hush":
  41. ^ Cumulative sales for "Beautiful":
  42. ^ Cumulative sales for "You Are So Beautiful":
  43. ^ Cumulative sales for "Who Are You":
  44. ^ Cumulative sales for "I Miss You":
  45. ^ Cumulative sales for "First Snow":
  46. ^ Cumulative sales for "I Will Go to You Like the First Snow":
  47. ^ Cumulative sales for "Wish":
  48. ^ a b c Cumulative sales for "And I'm here", "Winter is coming" & "Stuck in love":
  49. ^ Cumulative sales for "HEAVEN":
  50. ^ Cumulative sales for "LOVE":
  51. ^ Cumulative sales for "Round and Round":
  52. ^ * "Goblin OST Pack". Archived from the original on August 27, 2015. Retrieved February 5, 2017. 
  53. ^ *"Gaon Album Chart – Month 08". gaonchart.co.kr. Retrieved 2017-09-07. 
  54. ^ Goblin OST Sales in China's two major music platforms:
  55. ^ "'Guardian' finale breaks viewership records". Korea JoongAng Daily. 23 January 2017. 
  56. ^ "Last episode of fantasy rom-com 'Guardian' boasts record viewership". The Korea Herald. 22 January 2017. 
  57. ^ "Korean Drama "Guardian" lures Asian and US viewers". The Korea Times. 5 May 2017. 
  58. ^ "'Guardian' fever continues". The Korea Times. 7 February 2017. 
  59. ^ "Gong Yoo wore 182 different outfits in 'Guardian'". Kpop Herald. 3 February 2017. 
  60. ^ "'Guardian' styles sweeping fashion industry". Kpop Herald. 29 December 2016. 
  61. ^ "Female leads of hit dramas spark lip makeup trend". Kpop Herald. 11 January 2017. 
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External linksEdit

tvN: Friday-Saturday (20:30) dramas
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