Guanting Reservoir

Guanting Reservoir (Chinese: 官厅水库[1]), also known as Guanting Shuiku,[2] is the first large-scale reservoir[3] after the founding of the People's Republic of China.[4]

Guanting Reservoir
官厅水库
Guanting Reservoir .mw-parser-output .nobold{font-weight:normal}官厅水库 is located in Beijing
Guanting Reservoir .mw-parser-output .nobold{font-weight:normal}官厅水库
Guanting Reservoir
官厅水库
Locationat the junction of Beijing and Hebei Province
Typereservoir
Basin countriesChina
Built13 May 1954

Guanting Reservoir is located at the junction of Beijing and Hebei Province,[5] mostly in Huailai County, Hebei Province, and a small part in Yanqing County, Beijing.[6] The reservoir is named after the dam built near the Guanting Town (官厅镇).

HistoryEdit

Guanting Reservoir started construction in October 1951[7] and was completed on 13 May 1954,[8] with the main flow of water being the Yongding River in Huailai. The reservoir covers an area of 230 square kilometers and has a total storage capacity of 2.2 billion cubic meters.[9]

Guanting Reservoir was a major source of fresh water for Beijing[10] and neighboring regions.[11] Due to water contamination, the reservoir was withdrawn from the system to supply Beijing with drinking water in 1997,[12] but after thorough treatment, the reservoir has been an alternate water source since 2007.[13]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Chinese Encyclopedia, Volume 49. Encyclopedia of China Publishing House.
  2. ^ Encyclopedia of National History of the People's Republic of China. Encyclopedia of China Publishing House. 1999. pp. 128–. ISBN 978-7- 5000-6218-9.
  3. ^ "The Guanting Reservoir, the First Large-scale Reservoir since the Founding of the People's Republic of China, is Ready for Operation on May 13, 1954". State-owned Assets Supervision and Administration Commission. 13 May 2020.
  4. ^ Bryan Tilt (2 December 2014). Dams and Development in China: The Moral Economy of Water and Power. Columbia University Press. pp. 40–. ISBN 978-0-231-53826-8.
  5. ^ "Increasing perfluoroalkyl substances and ecological process from the Yongding Watershed to the Guanting Reservoir in the Olympic host cities, China". ScienceDirect. 14 December 2019.
  6. ^ "The water in the Guanting Reservoir is clearer". People's Daily. 19 June 2020.
  7. ^ "Resurrection of the Yongding River". Xinhuanet.com. 15 May 2020.
  8. ^ "This Day, That Year: May 13". China Daily. 13 May 2019.
  9. ^ "The first large reservoir in New China was completed". State-owned Assets Supervision and Administration Commission. 15 May 2020.
  10. ^ "Large wetland park built in Winter Olympic host city". China Daily. 21 August 2017.
  11. ^ "Eco-Compensati on in Guanting Reservoir Watershed Based on Spatiotemporal Variations of Water Yield and Purification Services". BioOne. 1 July 2018.
  12. ^ "The "three accounts" of the Guanting Reservoir National Wetland Park". Qiushi. 27 October 2018.
  13. ^ "Guanting Reservoir is "alive"". Xinhua News Agency. 22 June 2020.

Coordinates: 40°21′18″N 115°44′38″E / 40.355°N 115.744°E / 40.355; 115.744