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The Guangdong–Guangxi War, or the 1st and 2nd Yue-Gui Wars, occurred between the Kuomintang and the Old Guangxi Clique.

Guangdong–Guangxi War
Traditional Chinese戰爭
Simplified Chinese战争

Contents

First Yue-Gui WarEdit

When Sun Yat-sen, leader of the Chinese Revolutionary Party, attempted to re-establish himself in Guangzhou in 1917, warlord Lu Rongting reluctantly supported him for a few years. After Sun split from the Old Guangxi Clique over allocation of troops, he attempted to strip Cen Chunxuan (aka Tsen Chun-Hsuan or Sam Sun-Suen), one of Lu's most important allies in Guangdong, of some of his troops in order to assign them to the more apparently loyal Chen Jiongming, a local Guangdong warlord who had sponsored Sun. Sun Yat-sen then directed Chen Jiongming to attack Lu Rongting and the other Guangxi warlords. In October 1920 Chen captured Guangzhou and drove the Guangxi warlords out of Guangdong.

Second Yue-Gui WarEdit

In 1921 Chen hoped to unite the region surrounding Guangdong behind Sun's regime at Guangzhou and pushed into Guangxi itself. Lu sent two armies--one led by his wife's younger brother Tan Haoming, the other under Shen Hongying--against Chen's forces. These drove him back and occupied the areas of Qinzhou and Lianzhou. However, Lu's ally Chen Binghun collapsed, losing Wuzhou and allowing Chen Jiongming to drive up the rivers into Guangxi as allies moved in from the north. Lu Rongting was forced to step down in July 1921. By August Chen had occupied Nanning and the rest of Guangxi.

AftermathEdit

Although Chen Jiongming and the Guangdong forces occupied Guangxi until April 1922, their occupation was largely nominal. Armed bands of Guangxi loyalists continued to gather under local commanders, calling themselves the Self-Government Army. Sun Yat-sen and Chen Jiongming soon split over plans for the Northern Expedition. By May 1922 Sun Yat-sen's Cantonese forces had evacuated Guangxi, leaving it to Chen. Nevertheless, Sun would return later to reform his National government.

See alsoEdit

SourcesEdit

  • 李宗仁口述,唐德刚撰写,1988年2月第1版,《李宗仁回忆录》。广西:广西人民出版社。
  • 西南军阀史研究会编,1982年8月第1版,《西南军阀史研究丛刊》,第一辑。四川人民出版社。
  • 西南军阀史研究会编,1983年6月第1版,《西南军阀史研究丛刊》,第二辑。贵州人民出版社。
  • 李宗仁口述,唐德刚撰写,1988年2月第1版,《李宗仁回忆录》。广西:广西人民出版社。
  • 刘志超等著,1998年3月第1版,《民国军阀史》。辽宁:辽宁大学出版社。