Guang'an (simplified Chinese: 广安; traditional Chinese: 廣安; pinyin: Guǎng'ān; Wade–Giles: kwang-an) is a prefecture-level city in eastern Sichuan province. It is most famous as the birthplace of China's former paramount leader Deng Xiaoping. Guang'an lies between the hills of central Sichuan and the gorges area of the east.Guang'an is the only "Sichuan Chongqing Cooperation Demonstration Zone" in Sichuan and the nearest prefecture level city from the main city of Chongqing. It has been incorporated into the 1 hour economic circle of Chongqing. Because of its strategic location, it is called the "Gateway to Eastern Sichuan". Its population as of 2010 census was 3,205,476.[1] whom 858,159 lived in the built-up (or metro) area made of 2 urban districts.



White Pagoda in Guang'an
White Pagoda in Guang'an
Location of Guang'an in Sichuan
Location of Guang'an in Sichuan
Guang'an is located in Sichuan
Location of Guang'an in Sichuan
Coordinates (Guang'an municipal government): 30°27′23″N 106°37′57″E / 30.4564°N 106.6326°E / 30.4564; 106.6326Coordinates: 30°27′23″N 106°37′57″E / 30.4564°N 106.6326°E / 30.4564; 106.6326
CountryPeople's Republic of China
Municipal seatGuang'an District
 • Prefecture-level city6,339 km2 (2,448 sq mi)
 • Urban
1,533.65 km2 (592.15 sq mi)
 • Metro
1,533.65 km2 (592.15 sq mi)
 (2010 census)
 • Prefecture-level city3,205,476
 • Density510/km2 (1,300/sq mi)
 • Urban
 • Urban density560/km2 (1,400/sq mi)
 • Metro
 • Metro density560/km2 (1,400/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+8 (China Standard)
ISO 3166 codeCN-SC-16

Geography and climateEdit

Guang'an is located on a gradually rising section along the edge of the Sichuan Basin. The area is 6,344 km2 (2,449 sq mi). The eastern part of Guang'an is mountainous, the central part hilly, and the western part is relatively flat. The elevation ranges from only 185 to 1704 meters above sea-level. The main rivers are the Qu through the center of the area and the Jialing through the west.

The climate is temperate and the weather is monsoonal. The average temperature is 17.3 °C (63.1 °F). Winters are mild and summers are hot. The average rainfall is between 1,000–1,500 mm (39–59 in). The frost-free period lasts 310–324 days. Winter and spring have relatively little rain while in summer there are heavy rain showers. Autumns have almost constant rain and light wind.


Guang'an city has 1 (sub)city, 3 counties, 87 towns, and 2886 villages within it, a total population of 3,205,476 in 2010 census. None of the districts are urban in character as of 2010, nevertheless, large scale dense urban building projects and even urban rapid transit are nearing completion as of 2019, remaking the urbanscape entirely, and 2010 census data relegated to dated and unreliable.

Name Hanzi Hanyu Pinyin Population
Area (km²) Density (/km²)
Guang'an District 广安区 Guǎng'ān Qū 858,159 1,032 832
Qianfeng District 前锋区 Qiánfēng Qū 530,000 504 1051
Huaying City 华蓥市 Huāyíng Shì 368,000(2015) 505.6 728
Yuechi County 岳池县 Yuèchí Xiàn 778,639 1,457 534
Wusheng County 武胜县 Wǔshēng Xiàn 585,624 966 606
Linshui County 邻水县 Línshuǐ Xiàn 704,695 1,919 367



Guang'an's economy is natural resource based. Mineral resources are plentiful and the soil is ideal for agriculture.


Chinese leader Deng Xiaoping's birthplace and former residence museum is located in Paifang village (牌坊村) in Xiexing town (协兴镇). Guang'an also has beautiful natural scenery including many mountains and gorges designated as parks.


  1. ^ "UNdata".
  2. ^ 中国地面气候标准值月值(1981-2010) (in Chinese). China Meteorological Data Service Center. Retrieved 20 October 2018.