Guainía Department

Guainía (Spanish pronunciation: [ɡwajˈni.a]; Yuri language: "Land of many waters") is a department of Eastern Colombia. It is in the east of the country, bordering Venezuela and Brazil. Its capital is Inírida. In 1963 Guainía was split off from Vaupés department. The northern part and the Inírida River are included in the Orinoco basin; the rest is part of the Amazon basin. The Guaviare River is the main area of colonization; many colonos come from the Colombian Andean zone, most of them from Boyacá. They are followed by the llaneros, people from the Eastern plains (Llanos). The population is mainly composed of Amerindians, and the largest ethnic groups are the Puinaves (from the makú-puinave family) and the curripacos (from the Arawak family). There are a total of 24 ethnic groups in the department; many of them speak four Indigenous languages besides Spanish and Portuguese.

Department of Guainía
Departamento de Guainía
Flag of Department of Guainía
Coat of arms of Department of Guainía
Guainía shown in red
Guainía shown in red
Topography of the department
Topography of the department
Coordinates: 3°51′55″N 67°55′26″W / 3.86528°N 67.92389°W / 3.86528; -67.92389Coordinates: 3°51′55″N 67°55′26″W / 3.86528°N 67.92389°W / 3.86528; -67.92389
Country Colombia
RegionAmazon Region
 • GovernorJavier Eliecer Zapata Parrado (2016-2019)
 • Total72,238 km2 (27,891 sq mi)
 • Rank5th
 • Total48,114
 • Rank33rd
 • Density0.67/km2 (1.7/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC-05
ISO 3166 codeCO-GUA
HDI (2019)0.670[2]
medium · 32nd of 33
Historical population
1964 3,602—    
1973 6,637+84.3%
1985 12,345+86.0%
1993 28,478+130.7%
2005 35,230+23.7%
2018 48,114+36.6%


There are two municipalities in Guainía: Inírida, its capital, and Barranco Minas. The rest of the territory is subdivided in corregimientos departamentales, a pending figure due to public disorder[clarification needed].[4] This case happens only in Amazonas, Vaupés and Vichada. Barranco Minas is the second biggest population and a municipality since 2019;[5] it is located on the Guaviare River.

The Guainía corregimientos are:

  1. Cacahual
  2. La Guadalupe
  3. Mapiripana
  4. Morichal Nuevo
  5. Pana Pana
  6. Puerto Colombia
  7. San Felipe


  1. ^ "DANE". Archived from the original on November 13, 2009. Retrieved February 13, 2013.
  2. ^ "Sub-national HDI - Area Database - Global Data Lab". Retrieved 2018-09-13.
  3. ^ "Reloj de Población". DANE. Departamento Administrativo Nacional de Estadísitica. Archived from the original on 16 January 2018. Retrieved 6 July 2017.
  4. ^ "Sentencia C-141/01" (in Spanish). Retrieved 2008-07-27.[permanent dead link]
  5. ^ "Barrancominas nace como el municipio 1.103 de Colombia". (in European Spanish). Retrieved 2021-09-19.

External linksEdit