Grude (About this soundpronunciation ) is a municipality located in West Herzegovina Canton of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina, an entity of Bosnia and Herzegovina.

Grude

Груде
Panorama-Grude01196.jpg
Flag of Grude
Flag
Coat of arms of Grude
Coat of arms
Grude is located in Bosnia and Herzegovina
Grude
Grude
Coordinates: 43°11′56.20″N 17°32′48.00″E / 43.1989444°N 17.5466667°E / 43.1989444; 17.5466667Coordinates: 43°11′56.20″N 17°32′48.00″E / 43.1989444°N 17.5466667°E / 43.1989444; 17.5466667
CountryBosnia and Herzegovina
EntityFederation of Bosnia and Herzegovina
CantonWest Herzegovina
Government
 • Municipality presidentLjubo Grizelj (HDZ BiH)
Area
 • Total220.8 km2 (85.3 sq mi)
 • Land220.8 km2 (85.3 sq mi)
 • Water0 km2 (0 sq mi)
Population
 (2013)
 • Total17,865
 • Density81/km2 (210/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Gruđani
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Post code
88340
Area code+387 (0)39
Patron saintSaint Kate
Websitewww.grude.info

GeographyEdit

Grude is located 49 kilometers[1] from Mostar, 19 kilometers [2] from Imotski, and 100 km [3] from Split.

HistoryEdit

Pre-history and ancient timesEdit

Testimony about life in these regions are still present in prehistoric times. In place of Ravlić cave, which is located in Drinovci, were found traces of life dating from the later Neolithic period. The life in these regions has been flowing continuously - the peoples, cultures and civilizations have been changing. In later, but historical times, this soil had very living presence of the Romans, whose commercial road, connecting the two great ancient trading center - Salona and Narona, was passing through the region. Recent archaeological excavations at the site in Gorica confirm that on this soil in ancient times there was a significant Roman settlement. Middle Ages is a time of tombstones - stećak and in municipality of Grude can be found practically everywhere - which proves that at that time was quite a big life. Undoubtedly it is a merit favorable geographical position of this region, as well as the relatively mild climate, together with rich natural resources. Rarely can see where this unusual combination of brutality and tameness of nature that we find in the region of Imotski-Bekija fields - arable land is relatively rich in water in contrast to the fierce and rocky, which is surrounded by.

Middle agesEdit

End of the Middle Ages was marked by the Ottoman expansion and conquest.

 
Church of St. Catherine

Modern timesEdit

After the Turks, Austria-Hungary arrived. This is a short transitional period in which were built numerous schools and infrastructure needed for the functioning of a modern European state, but this is somehow persistently ignored in the overall modernization. Like most of the West Herzegovina cities, Grude was labeled as pro-Ustaše region. Therefore, it has been demonized by the officials of SFRY. The investments were very poor in it. That caused huge poverty and lot of people emigrated to Zagreb and Dalmatia, as well as to Germany as gastarbeiter. Today the municipality is among the most developed in Bosnia-Herzegovina, with numerous medium and small business corporations, Violeta paper factory being the biggest brand. Croatian Republic of Herceg-Bosna and the Croatian Defense Council (HVO) were founded in Grude.

SettlementsEdit

BlaževićiBorajnaDonji MamićiDragičinaDrinovačko BrdoDrinovciGorica • Grude • JabukaPuteševicaRužićiSovićiTihaljina

DemographicsEdit

1971Edit

19,203 total

1991Edit

In the 1991 census, the municipality of Grude had a population of 16,358 residents:

  • 16,210 Croats (99.09%)[4]
  • 9 Serbs (0.05%)
  • 4 Muslims (0.02%)
  • 5 Yugoslavs (0.03%)
  • 130 others (0.79%)

The town of Grude had 3,528 residents[when?]; almost all of whom were ethnic Croats.

 
Grude council building

EconomyEdit

During the war in Bosnia and Herzegovina, Grude was one of the bastions of the "rebellion" against the aggression of the Yugoslav Army. The late 1990s and early 2000s were marked by recent war and the struggle for survival, whereas today Grude is experiencing cultural and economic renaissance.

Traffic and road connectionsEdit

Grude is placed on the crossroads of two big roads: Slavonski Brod-Ploče and Mostar-Split. Through Grude also goes master road M-6 Grude - Ljubuški - Čapljina - Metković. Besides that there are also 3 regional roads:

SportsEdit

The town is home to the football club HNK Grude, basketball club HKK Grude, and the female handball club HŽRK Grude. NK Drinovci is based in Drinovci (located in the same municipality). De Boules clubs Grude and Sv. Stipan based in Sovići.

International relationsEdit

Twin towns – Sister citiesEdit

Grude is twinned with:

Notable peopleEdit

CommunicationsEdit

Radio Grude broadcasts from the town.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ EUR&carbCost=1.3&isAvoidFrontiers=false&isFavoriseAutoroute=false&isAvoidPeage=false&isAvoidVignette=false&isAvoidLNR=false&autoConso=6.8&villeConso=6&routeConso=5.6&dtmDeparture=12%2F3%2F2009&indemnite=0
  2. ^ EUR&carbCost=1.3&isAvoidFrontiers=false&isFavoriseAutoroute=false&isAvoidPeage=false&isAvoidVignette=false&isAvoidLNR=false&autoConso=6.8&villeConso=6&routeConso=5.6&dtmDeparture=12%2F3%2F2009&indemnite=0
  3. ^ EUR&carbCost=1.3&isAvoidFrontiers=false&isFavoriseAutoroute=false&isAvoidPeage=false&isAvoidVignette=false&isAvoidLNR=false&autoConso=6.8&villeConso=6&routeConso=5.6&dtmDeparture=12%2F3%2F2009&indemnite=0
  4. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2013-10-05. Retrieved 2013-03-26.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)

External linksEdit

  Grude travel guide from Wikivoyage