Groupe Canal+ (Canal+) is a French film and television studio and distributor. It is owned and controlled by Vivendi and has a film library in excess of 5,000 films. Vivendi has sold some parts of Canal Plus to private investors which are still using the name of Canal Plus. It is headquartered in Issy-les-Moulineaux, in the suburbs of Paris.
(Chairman and CEO)
Film production & distribution
|Revenue||€5.16 billion (2018)|
Number of employees
|Subsidiaries||StudioCanal, Canal, OCS (33%), Canal 8, Canal Star, Canal News, M7 Group|
Canal Plus is "the French film industry's biggest financial backer, beloved by French cineastes".
The fact that it is a major source of finance for domestic film production, participating in the financing of the vast majority of films produced in France, is a major source of Canal Plus' strength. It has even created its own subsidiary companies with direct involvement in film production.
StudioCanal, one of those subsidiaries, announced in 2011 that it would now spend €200 million a year on movie production, establishing its position as "the first port of call outside the U.S. for intelligent upmarket movies" such as Tinker Tailor Soldier Spy which is fully financed by the studio.
- Canal+ (100%)—Premium TV channel; Metropolitan France, Caribbean, Africa, Southern Pacific, Indian Ocean, Asia
- Canal+ Cinéma—Premium TV channel devoted to movie
- Canal+ Sport—Premium TV channel devoted to sports programmes
- Canal+ Family—Premium TV channel devoted to family programming
- Canal+ Séries—Premium TV channel devoted to series
- Canal+ Décalé—Premium TV channel, delayed broadcast of programmes from Canal+
- Ciné+—Set of six thematic cable television channels
- Clique TV—Cable TV channel
- Comédie+ (formerly Comédie!)—Cable TV channel devoted to humorous programs
- CStar Hits France—Cable TV channel devoted to musical programs
- Foot+—Cable TV channel devoted to soccer
- Rugby+—Cable TV channel devoted to rugby football
- Golf+—Cable TV channel devoted to golf
- Infosport+—Cable TV news channel devoted to sports
- Piwi+ (formerly Piwi)—Cable TV channel devoted to children programs
- Planète+—Cable TV channel devoted to documentaries
- Planète+ A&E—Cable TV channel devoted to documentaries from A&E Networks channels
- Planète+ Crime+Investigation—Cable TV channel devoted to crime documentaries
- Polar+—Cable TV channel devoted to movies
- Seasons—Cable TV channel devoted to documentaries
- Télétoon+ (formerly Télétoon)—Cable TV channel devoted to animation
- Teletoon+ (formerly Minimax/ZigZap)—Cable TV channel devoted to animation broadcast in Poland
- MiniMini+ (formerly MiniMini)—Cable TV channel devoted to animated series for children from 3 to 8 years
- CNews (formerly i>Télé)—Free-to-air news channel
- C8—Free-to-air channel
- CStar—Free-to-air channel devoted to musical programs
- MyCanal—Free streaming service for Canal+ subscribers to stream the channel's programming live and on-demand
- CanalPlay—Streaming and on-demand service
- Canal+ International—International French premium channel featuring programming from Canal+ and its various other channels
- Canal+ Régie—Advertising network for the group channel's and the cinema operator UGC
- CanalSat (100%)—Satellite TV provider
- StudioCanal (100%)—Film producer and distributor
Canal+ has operations in France, Poland and Myanmar, through its flagship brand Canal+. It is encrypted for most of the day, and viewers who wish to watch the channel's more popular programming (new-release movies and live sport) must subscribe to the service. Previously this involved the purchase of a decoder to decrypt the signal, but increasingly Canal+ is being offered as part of a multi-channel satellite or cable television package (known as CanalSat in France.).
Canal Plus came to the Nordic countries in 1997, acquiring the two FilmNet-channels and renaming them. The Nordic part was sold in October 2003 to the Telenor-owned Canal Digital, and the Canal+ brand was used under license until 2012, when the channels were re-branded C More Entertainment.
Canal+ has previously also been present in several other European countries; but as of 2016 it is only active in Poland and France.
Canal+ Hi-Tech was a private television channel in France dedicated to the broadcasting of films in 16:9 aspect ratio and HDTV Canal+ 16/9 changed its name to Canal+ Hi-Tech in March 2005. Through this change, the channel offered the latest technological advances in terms of image and sound, especially with high-definition programs. The channel was deleted when switching Canal+ to the 16:9 format.
It stopped broadcasting on January 24, 2012.
StudioCanal is a production company created in 1999, associated with NBC Universal until 2009. Nowadays, StudioCanal is operating in several countries such as Germany, Japan, or Australia. For the movie industry, it is a major player at the European level 
Formerly Canal Satellite Numérique, a pay satellite and IPTV distributor (as CanalSAT DSL). CanalSat is a satellite TV package launched in 1992. A merger between CanalSat and TPS started in 2007, and finally canceled by the Competition Authority in 2011. With CanalSat, the utilization of the card pairing (QEV) technology allow access to many channels such as, Eurosport, Paris Premiere or LCI.
Thema is a Canal+ Group company that oversees distribution of Pay TV services in various countries, and is the parent company of channels including Novelas TV and Nollywood TV. Thema was founded in 2005 by François Thiellet, and acquired by Canal+ in 2014.
As Canal+ was launched in new markets the brand has been used in several countries. When launching additional channels the channels were usually given colour-coded names, such as Canal+ Blue, Canal+ Green, Canal+ Yellow and Canal+ Red. Many of these subsidiaries have been sold and as of 2007, only the Spanish and Polish Canal+ were partially owned by French Canal+.
- Canal+ Spain, now known as #0. Launched in 1990 in Spain by Sogecable as an analogue pay channel, similar to the French and Polish version. In 2015 The largest Spanish telecommunications company Telefónica received the approved and closed the acquisition of Canal+, now renamed Movistar+.
- Canal+ Flanders, became Canal+ when FilmNet was bought. Later sold and is now known as Play More (Telenet, a subsidiary of Liberty Global).
- Canal+ Belgium, now known as BeTV. It shares many common programs with the French channels. It is owned by VOO, a public telco in Wallonia.
- Canal+ Netherlands, Filmnet was rebranded as Canal+ in 1997. Canal+ sold the channels later on. In 2005, the channels were bought by Liberty Global and renamed them to Sport1 and Film1 in February 2006. Sport1 changed its name to Ziggo Sport Totaal in November 2015, Film1 was sold to Sony Pictures Television in the same year. On 1 May 2019, Sony announced that Film1 would close on 1 August 2019. However it was sold to SPI International instead.
- Canal+ Poland, the channel is called Canal+ Premium, the satellite platform Platforma CANAL+.
- Canal+ Scandinavia, launched as Canal+ in 1997 with the integration of the FilmNet channels. The company was sold and renamed C More Entertainment, although the brand Canal+ was still used. It was purchased by the SBS Broadcasting Group in 2005, which was merged with ProSiebenSat.1 Media in 2007. In 2008, an agreement was made to sell the channels to TV4 Group. Since 2012 it is called C-More.
- Tele+ Digitale, the Italian branch sold in 2003 to News Corp. and fused with Stream TV, the direct competitor. Now, it is called Sky Italia.
- Premiere, a German premium television channel and platform launched in 1990, was founded by Canal+, Bertelsmann and Kirch. A few years later, Canal+ sold its share of Premiere. It is now known as Sky Deutschland and is owned by the UK's Sky plc.
- Movie Network, an Australian premium television service launched in 1995, was founded as a partnership between Canal+, HBO (a subsidiary of Time Warner), The Walt Disney Company, MGM/UA and Village Roadshow. A few years later, Canal+ dropped out from the partnership.
- The Brazil version of Canal+ in 1989, not the own version, retransmission of American ESPN. Ended transmissions due to launch of the Brazil cable providers in 1991.
- In May 2009, K+ founded by Canal+ and VTV was launched. K+ serves Digital and Satellite Paid Televisions in Vietnam.
- Canal+ Horizons, launched as Canal Horizons in 1990, is the channel in Africa.
- Canal+ Myanmar, originally launched by Forever Group as 4TV in 2006, it became a joint venture with Canal+ Group in 2017, and was rebranded as Canal+ in February 2018.
- "Rapport annuel document de référence 2018" (PDF) (in French). Retrieved 2019-11-25.
- "Mentions legales Archived 2010-03-27 at the Wayback Machine." Canal+ Group. Retrieved on 5 March 2010.
- Carreyrou, John; Orwall, Bruce. "Vivendi Turmoil Rises as Messier Ousts Popular Canal Plus Chief". The Wall Street Journal.
- Kuhn, Raymond (January 4, 2002). "The Media in France". Taylor & Francis – via Google Books.
- Adler, Tim Adler (September 29, 2011). "Studiocanal Raises More Film Financing: Says It Won't Have To Borrow To Fund Slate".
- "Canal+ abandonne sa chaîne 3D". ozap.com.
- "StudioCanal Sues Universal Claiming Millions in Working Title Film Revenue". The Hollywood Reporter.
- Hopewell, John (July 17, 2012). "Studiocanal buys Hoyts Distribution".
- "Vivendi". webzine.vivendi.com.
- Camexport. Archived 2014-12-02 at the Wayback Machine
- "France : Merger of TPS and CanalSat: Competition Authority Pronounces Injunctions". merlin.obs.coe.int.
- "CanalSat to offer short-term subscriptions". Broadband TV News. September 24, 2009.
- Dziadul, Chris (October 29, 2014). "Canal+ buys Thema". Broadband TV News.
- Fransen gaan Nederlanders vermaken, Trouw, Dorien Pels, 26 July 1997
- "Cookies op AD.nl - AD.nl". Ad.nl. Retrieved 17 August 2018.
- "Ziggo Sport". Sport1.nl. Retrieved 17 August 2018.
- SONY PICTURES TELEVISION CLOSES FILM1 DEAL Sonypicturestelevision.com, Retrieved on July 26, 2015
- Jarco Kriek (30 April 2019). "Film1 stopt lineair" (in Dutch). TotaalTV.nl.
- David de Jong (1 May 2019). "Film1 stopt alle activiteiten" (in Dutch). NederlandsMediaNieuws.nl.
- David de Jong (2 July 2019). "SPI International neemt Film1 over" (in Dutch). NederlandsMediaNieuws.nl.