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Gross national income

  (Redirected from Gross National Income)

The gross national income (GNI) is the total domestic and foreign output claimed by residents of a country, consisting of gross domestic product (GDP), plus factor incomes earned by foreign residents, minus income earned in the domestic economy by nonresidents (Todaro & Smith, 2011: 44) (all figures in millions of US dollars). Comparing the GNI and GDP shows whether a nation's resources are put to capital creation or declining toward abroad.

The gross national income has gradually replaced the gross national product (GNP) in international statistics.[1][2] While being conceptually identical, it is calculated differently.[3]

Gross national income is the basis of calculation of the largest part of contributions to the budget of the European Union.[4]

Contents

Table, GNI nominalEdit

Nominal, Atlas method – millions of current US$ (top 15)[1]

Rank 2014 2013 2012 2011 2010 2009 2008 2007 2006
1   United States 17,611,491   United States 17,001,290   United States 16,501,016   United States 15,727,291   United States 15,143,137   United States 14,740,580   United States 15,002,428   United States 14,651,211   United States 14,345,565
2   China 10,096,966   China 9,110,333   China 7,934,721   China 6,726,270   China 5,752,320   China 4,856,999   Japan 4,835,553   Japan 4,812,119   Japan 4,931,413
3   Japan 5,339,076   Japan 5,899,905   Japan 6,101,579   Japan 5,775,633   Japan 5,376,601   Japan 4,797,984   China 4,070,860   Germany 3,348,291   Germany 3,160,529
4   Germany 3,853,623   Germany 3,809,927   Germany 3,754,154   Germany 3,801,607   Germany 3,662,524   Germany 3,588,452   Germany 3,601,765   China 3,283,519   China 2,685,206
5   France 2,844,284   France 2,869,883   France 2,824,713   France 2,889,304   France 2,847,703   France 2,831,553   United Kingdom 2,904,224   United Kingdom 2,835,805   United Kingdom 2,645,489
6   United Kingdom 2,801,499   United Kingdom 2,695,974   United Kingdom 2,612,525   United Kingdom 2,542,593   United Kingdom 2,540,957   United Kingdom 2,666,939   France 2,800,864   France 2,576,642   France 2,414,820
7   Brazil 2,429,720   Brazil 2,486,874   Brazil 2,432,061   Italy 2,237,958   Italy 2,234,508   Italy 2,227,358   Italy 2,222,143   Italy 2,093,640   Italy 1,989,288
8   Italy 2,147,247   Italy 2,130,760   Italy 2,143,583   Brazil 2,207,921   Brazil 1,916,260   Brazil 1,572,431   Spain 1,490,975   Canada 1,356,017   Spain 1,241,641
9   India 2,027,964   Russia 1,981,791   India 1,892,548   India 1,755,712   India 1,555,615   Spain 1,519,339   Canada 1,484,345   Spain 1,353,031   Canada 1,224,994
10   Russia 1,930,634   India 1,952,847   Russia 1,823,299   Canada 1,617,083   Canada 1,511,465   Canada 1,447,937   Brazil 1,427,429   Brazil 1,152,772   South Korea 966,585
11   Canada 1,785,099   Canada 1,848,274   Canada 1,773,264   Russia 1,547,010   Spain 1,496,363   India 1,392,779   Russia 1,368,593   India 1,117,463   India 941,326
12   Australia 1,444,201   Australia 1,514,269   Spain 1,396,221   Spain 1,455,758   Russia 1,425,123   Russia 1,318,495   India 1,229,139   South Korea 1,091,726   Mexico 921,879
13   Spain 1,366,027   Spain 1,376,929   Australia 1,359,417   South Korea 1,125,787   South Korea 1,053,302   South Korea 1,037,381   South Korea 1,118,647   Russia 1,079,991   Brazil 898,063
14   South Korea 1,365,797   South Korea 1,298,958   South Korea 1,232,164   Australia 1,119,902   Mexico 1,026,316   Mexico 988,663   Mexico 1,074,555   Mexico 1,000,700   Russia 830,146
15   Mexico 1,237,533   Mexico 1,202,800   Mexico 1,167,292   Mexico 1,068,140   Australia 1,025,186   Australia 954,754   Australia 900,062   Netherlands 809,106   Netherlands 753,205

Table, GNI PPPEdit

PPP – millions of international dollars (top 15)[2]

Rank 2016 2014 2013 2012 2011 2010 2009 2008 2007 2006
1   China 21,366,057   China 17,966,893   United States 17,091,162   United States 16,596,084   United States 15,802,898   United States 15,121,133   United States 14,494,460   United States 14,791,194   United States 14,585,723   United States 14,140,770
2   United States 18,749,688   United States 17,823,200   China 16,418,959   China 15,112,256   China 13,680,536   China 12,305,378   China 11,017,654   China 10,090,052   China 8,991,462   China 7,637,790
3   India 8,594,226   India 7,292,778   India 6,699,996   India 6,179,567   India 5,794,517   India 5,314,158   India 4,783,856   Japan 4,433,212   Japan 4,408,333   Japan 4,180,595
4   Japan 5,443,842   Japan 4,846,688   Japan 4,844,841   Japan 4,700,740   Japan 4,522,723   Japan 4,437,371   Japan 4,192,471   India 4,376,743   India 4,138,987   India 3,658,435
5   Germany 4,094,786   Germany 3,843,163   Germany 3,707,775   Germany 3,590,009   Germany 3,534,151   Germany 3,305,460   Germany 3,107,922   Germany 3,186,644   Germany 3,070,077   Germany 2,906,891
6   Russia 3,305,725   Russia 3,237,388   Russia 3,108,506   Russia 3,254,184   Russia 3,124,400   Russia 2,837,672   Russia 2,678,150   Russia 2,797,648   United Kingdom 2,325,258   United Kingdom 2,270,766
7   Brazil 3,075,469   Brazil 3,209,390   Brazil 3,081,266   Brazil 2,984,015   Brazil 2,923,559   Brazil 2,757,522   Brazil 2,453,733   Brazil 2,436,486   Russia 2,324,769   Brazil 2,103,694
8   Indonesia 2,929,424   France 2,655,517   France 2,625,346   France 2,494,655   France 2,495,100   France 2,381,563   France 2,291,855   United Kingdom 2,343,012   Brazil 2,288,657   France 2,094,160
9   France 2,835,242   Indonesia 2,592,315   United Kingdom 2,483,802   United Kingdom 2,394,758   United Kingdom 2,343,934   United Kingdom 2,281,280   United Kingdom 2,272,667   France 2,310,555   France 2,224,097   Russia 2,071,669
10   United Kingdom 2,763,382   United Kingdom 2,550,078   Indonesia 2,436,810   Indonesia 2,275,802   Italy 2,124,755   Italy 2,054,019   Italy 2,016,501   Italy 2,050,607   Italy 1,971,909   Italy 1,865,144
11   Italy 2,316,529   Italy 2,155,153   Italy 2,148,502   Italy 2,134,839   Indonesia 2,106,961   Indonesia 1,949,021   Indonesia 1,798,541   Indonesia 1,705,066   Indonesia 1,568,263   Indonesia 1,434,248
12   Mexico 2,262,919   Mexico 2,111,206   Mexico 1,939,753   Mexico 1,941,682   Mexico 1,859,264   Mexico 1,710,132   Mexico 1,597,656   Mexico 1,611,372   Mexico 1,516,236   Mexico 1,432,295
13   Turkey 1,907,486   South Korea 1,696,955   South Korea 1,652,081   South Korea 1,627,812   South Korea 1,568,631   South Korea 1,506,812   Spain 1,492,658   Spain 1,508,412   Spain 1,447,718   Spain 1,346,277
14   South Korea 1,833,914   Canada 1,576,495   Saudi Arabia 1,549,822   Spain 1,497,167   Spain 1,494,181   Spain 1,486,687   South Korea 1,393,108   South Korea 1,405,612   South Korea 1,350,407   South Korea 1,246,382
15   Saudi Arabia 1,799,740   Spain 1,556,600   Canada 1,535,440   Saudi Arabia 1,488,100   Canada 1,401,447   Canada 1,336,646   Canada 1,279,702   Canada 1,313,134   Canada 1,271,027   Canada 1,212,200

Alternative sources and further countriesEdit

The Atlas method from The World Bank seems to be without alternatives for a few years. Although NationsOnline lists GNI data from the early 2000s[5] and points to the International Monetary Fund, World Economic Outlook Database[6] and the CIA World Factbook,[7] neither of these references, nor the IMF eLibrary[8] includes GNI data.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b World Bank. "GNI, Atlas method". data.worldbank.org. Retrieved 2016-06-23. 
  2. ^ a b World Bank. "GNI, PPP (international $)". data.worldbank.org. Retrieved 2016-06-23. 
  3. ^ "Glossary:Gross national income (GNI)". Eurostat statistic explained. Eurostat. Retrieved 2016-06-23. 
  4. ^ "Monitoring GNI for own resource purposes". Eurostat statistic explained. Eurostat. Retrieved 2016-06-23. 
  5. ^ National Economic Accounts for Countries and Regions around the World
  6. ^ IMF World Economic Outlook Database, April 2014
  7. ^ The World Factbook, CIA
  8. ^ IMF eLibrary Data