Großräschen

Großräschen (Sorbian: Rań) is a town in Lower Lusatia, in Germany. Administratively, it is part of the district of Oberspreewald-Lausitz, in the state of Brandenburg.

Großräschen
Rań
Großräschen Luftbild 2005.jpg
Coat of arms of Großräschen
Location of Großräschen within Oberspreewald-Lausitz district
SaxonyCottbusDahme-SpreewaldElbe-ElsterSpree-NeißeTeltow-FlämingAltdöbernBronkowCalauFrauendorfGroßkmehlenGroßräschenGrünewaldGutebornHermsdorfHohenbockaKroppenLauchhammerLindenauLübbenauLuckaitztalNeupetershainNeu-SeelandOrtrandRuhlandSchipkauSchwarzbachSchwarzheideSenftenbergTettauVetschauGroßräschen in OSL.svg
About this image
Großräschen is located in Germany
Großräschen
Großräschen
Großräschen is located in Brandenburg
Großräschen
Großräschen
Coordinates: 51°34′59″N 14°00′00″E / 51.58306°N 14.00000°E / 51.58306; 14.00000Coordinates: 51°34′59″N 14°00′00″E / 51.58306°N 14.00000°E / 51.58306; 14.00000
CountryGermany
StateBrandenburg
DistrictOberspreewald-Lausitz
Subdivisions5 Stadtteile / 7 Ortsteile
Government
 • Mayor (2017–25) Thomas Zenker[1] (SPD)
Area
 • Total81.29 km2 (31.39 sq mi)
Elevation
115 m (377 ft)
Population
 (2020-12-31)[2]
 • Total8,455
 • Density100/km2 (270/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
Postal codes
01983
Dialling codes035753
Vehicle registrationOSL
Websitewww.grossraeschen.de

Geographical positionEdit

Großräschen is south of the Niederlausitzer Landrücken, a sandy stretch of land with pine forests in the centre of Lusatia. The source of the small river Rainitza used to be in meadows north of the town centre. South of the town, Lake Grossraschen (formerly an open-cast lignite mine) was[3] completed in 2018. The town proper comprises the historical core, Kleinräschen, and Großräschen. The southernmost quarter, Bückgen, was pulled down due to mining. Outside the town proper are the villages of Freienhufen (historically Dobristroh), Bulldorf, Dörrwalde, Wormlage, Saalhausen, Woschkow, and Schmogro (Großräschen-Ost).

HistoryEdit

Both Großräschen and Kleinräschen were first mentioned in an official document in 1370. The form of settlement and the name suggest that Kleinräschen is older than Großräschen. The villages developed slowly; the Wendish population depended almost entirely on agriculture. From the middle of the 19th century onwards, heavy industry developed, and the villages grew rapidly. In 1965, they were granted the status of a town, having been incorporated into one community in 1925. The 1980s brought the destruction of Bückgen, whose 4000 inhabitants had to leave their homes and were moved into blocks of flats. After the fall of the Berlin Wall, the industrial decline (glass manufacturing, brick production, mining and agriculture used to appear in the town's coat of arms) caused heavy unemployment. The completion of the Grossraschen lake instigated a tourism industry with lakeside hotels, town marina harbor, rental holiday homes, and a lakeside winery.[4]

MayorsEdit

Thomas Zenker (SPD) was elected in November 2009 with 93.9% of the votes for a term of eight years. (Turnout 35.3%). He was re-elected in September 2017 with 85.6% for a second term of eight years.[5]

DemographyEdit

Großräschen: Population development
within the current boundaries (2020)[6]
YearPop.±% p.a.
1875 2,975—    
1890 4,843+3.30%
1910 13,309+5.18%
1925 14,414+0.53%
1939 15,024+0.30%
1950 16,282+0.73%
1964 16,210−0.03%
YearPop.±% p.a.
1971 17,006+0.69%
1981 14,306−1.71%
1985 14,023−0.50%
1990 14,476+0.64%
1995 14,296−0.25%
2000 12,693−2.35%
2005 11,335−2.24%
YearPop.±% p.a.
2010 10,262−1.97%
2015 8,655−3.35%
2016 8,629−0.30%
2017 8,602−0.31%
2018 8,572−0.35%
2019 8,471−1.18%
2020 8,455−0.19%

SightsEdit

  • Protestant Church
  • Catholic Church with interior decoration by Friedrich Preß
  • Medieval village church in Freienhufen
  • open-cast mine lookout
  • Historic village structures in Kleinräschen, Dörrwalde, Wormlage, Saalhausen (farm type of Senftenberger Vierseitenhof)

InfrastructureEdit

  • Rail links to Berlin, Senftenberg, Stralsund (slow trains)
  • Federal road B 96
  • Motorway A 13/E 66

Partner citiesEdit

PeopleEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Landkreis Oberspreewald-Lausitz Wahl der Bürgermeisterin / des Bürgermeisters, accessed 2 July 2021.
  2. ^ "Bevölkerung im Land Brandenburg nach amtsfreien Gemeinden, Ämtern und Gemeinden 31. Dezember 2020". Amt für Statistik Berlin-Brandenburg (in German). June 2021.
  3. ^ lausitzerseenland.de
  4. ^ lausitzerseenland.de
  5. ^ Ergebnis der Bürgermeisterwahl vom 29. November 2009
  6. ^ Detailed data sources are to be found in the Wikimedia Commons.Population Projection Brandenburg at Wikimedia Commons

External linksEdit