Großheubach

Großheubach (or Grossheubach) is a market community in the Miltenberg district in the Regierungsbezirk of Lower Franconia (Unterfranken) in Bavaria, Germany.

Großheubach
Großheubach, seen from Engelberg
Großheubach, seen from Engelberg
Coat of arms of Großheubach
Location of Großheubach within Miltenberg district
Großheubach in MIL.svg
Großheubach is located in Germany
Großheubach
Großheubach
Großheubach is located in Bavaria
Großheubach
Großheubach
Coordinates: 49°44′N 09°14′E / 49.733°N 9.233°E / 49.733; 9.233Coordinates: 49°44′N 09°14′E / 49.733°N 9.233°E / 49.733; 9.233
CountryGermany
StateBavaria
Admin. regionUnterfranken
DistrictMiltenberg
Government
 • Mayor (2020–26) Gernot Winter[1]
Area
 • Total19.00 km2 (7.34 sq mi)
Elevation
132 m (433 ft)
Population
 (2020-12-31)[2]
 • Total5,046
 • Density270/km2 (690/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
Postal codes
63920
Dialling codes09371
Vehicle registrationMIL
Websitewww.grossheubach.de

GeographyEdit

LocationEdit

Großheubach lies on the right bank of the Main. The community is located on the slopes of the Mittelgebirge Spessart. The highest point in the municipal area is the 439 m-high Ospisrain. Großheubach is located on the Fränkischer Rotwein Wanderweg ("Franconian Red Wine Hiking Trail"). Across the Main lie the hills of the Odenwald.

SubdivisionsEdit

The hamlets of Klotzenhof and Roßhof are part of the municipality Großheubach.

HistoryEdit

Earlier names for Großheubach are Heidebah (mentioned in 878) and Grotzenheidbach (1358). Großheubach derives from the name of the stream Heubach which flows into the Main here. The area was settled by 1000 BC, as witnessed by urnfields and graves. Local wine growing is first mentioned in the 11th century AD. As of the late 12th century, the place was held by the Lords of Klingenberg. In 1291, the Teutonic Knights purchased the village and its surroundings. About 1300, the community's first wooden chapel was built on the Rulesberg (hill), now known as the Engelberg. From 1483, Großheubach belonged to the Archbishopric of Mainz.[3]: 60–1 

In 1612, the historic town hall was built.

In 1803, the Archbishopric of Mainz was secularized. By way of the Grand Duchy of Frankfurt, Großheubach came to the Kingdom of Bavaria in 1816. In 1828, Kloster Engelberg was taken over by the Franciscans.[3]: 61 

In 1896, the old town church was expanded and today's parish church thereby came into being.

GovernanceEdit

Community councilEdit

The local council has 20 members (Elections in 2020):[4]

MayorsEdit

Gernot Winter (CSU): Mayor since May 2020.[5]

  • Former mayors:
  • Josef Zipf: 1933 - 1940
  • Felix Straub: 1940 - 1942
  • Anton Blatz: 1942 - 1945
  • Otto Kempf: 1945 - 1946
  • Josef Heinrich Wolf: 1946 - 1948
  • Richard Galmbacher: 1948 - 1967
  • Franz Hegmann: 1967 - 1990
  • Günther Oettinger: 1990 - 2020

Coat of armsEdit

The community's arms might be described thus: Per pale, argent a saltire pattée sable and gules a wheel spoked of six of the first.

The black saltire (X-shaped cross) comes from a village court seal from 1654 and refers to the hegemony once exercised by the Teutonic Knights (although their coat of arms showed an upright cross). The Wheel of Mainz and the tinctures argent and gules (silver and red) refer to the community's later feudal overlord, the Archbishopric of Mainz, which held Großheubach until the end of the Old Empire in 1803.

The arms have been borne since 1956.[6]

Culture and sightseeingEdit

BuildingsEdit

Saint Peter’s parish churchEdit

In 1247, the church had its first priest, and in 1519, it acquired its first bell. In 1609, a massive fortress church was built in the Romanesque style with defensive towers, parapets and battlements. Between 1895 and 1897, the church underwent remodelling, giving it its current appearance. In 1949, the church acquired four bells. On 1 August 1958, the churchtower was destroyed in a storm. In 1987, the church was renovated.

Historic town hallEdit

 
Historic town hall of Großheubach

This was built in 1611 and 1612 by master builder Otto Oswald Heppeler in Old Franconian timber-frame style. The house served as a seat for a lower official of the Amt of Prozelten. The ground floor was used as a prison. Functioning as the house's owners were Johann Schweikhard von Kronberg, Archbishop of Mainz and Elector, and Caspar Herr zu Eltz, Electoral Mainz Großhofmeister, councilman and Amtmann at Prozelten.

Abendanz’sches HausEdit

The Abendanz’sches Haus is a timber-frame house in Großheubach core built around 1600. Over the centuries, several conversions to the building were undertaken. After the restorations done between 1987 and 1990, the timber framing was exposed and the original façade was reconstructed. The house served as a dwelling for, among others, the wine merchant Johann Simon Abendanz and the last abbot of the Amorbach Abbey.

Engelberg AbbeyEdit

The Franciscan Kloster Engelberg with its well-known pilgrimage church was founded about 1300. The building, built in 1630 for the Order of Friars Minor Capuchin, was on King Ludwig I's orders turned over to the Bavarian Franciscans, who still run the abbey today. The Engelberg, the hill on which the monastery stands, which is 250 m above sea level, can be reached over the 612 so-called Engelstaffeln (roughly, "Angel's Steps") made out of bunter.[3]: 60–1 

HunnensteinEdit

Once considered a possible heathen cult site, the natural sandstone known as Hunnenstein or Heunenschüssel, is found on a hill ridge near Engelberg Abbey, close to the Eselsweg.

Notable peopleEdit

Sons and daughters of the townEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Liste der ersten Bürgermeister/Oberbürgermeister in kreisangehörigen Gemeinden, Bayerisches Landesamt für Statistik, 15 July 2021.
  2. ^ "Tabellenblatt "Daten 2", Statistischer Bericht A1200C 202041 Einwohnerzahlen der Gemeinden, Kreise und Regierungsbezirke". Bayerisches Landesamt für Statistik (in German). June 2021.
  3. ^ a b c Schumacher, Karin; Schumacher, Hans-Jürgen (2003). Zeitreise durch den Spessart (German). Wartberg Verlag. ISBN 3-8313-1075-0.
  4. ^ "Gemeinderat | Großheubach".
  5. ^ "Wahlen".
  6. ^ Description and explanation of Großheubach’s arms[permanent dead link]

External linksEdit