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Großenhain (also written as Grossenhain; Upper Sorbian: Wulki Hojn) is a Große Kreisstadt (German for major district town) in the district of Meißen, Saxony, Germany. It was originally known as Hayne. The current name simply means "big Hayne"

Großenhain
Town hall
Town hall
Coat of arms of Großenhain
Coat of arms
Location of Großenhain within Meißen district
Großenhain in MEI.svg
Großenhain is located in Germany
Großenhain
Großenhain
Großenhain is located in Saxony
Großenhain
Großenhain
Coordinates: 51°17′N 13°33′E / 51.283°N 13.550°E / 51.283; 13.550Coordinates: 51°17′N 13°33′E / 51.283°N 13.550°E / 51.283; 13.550
CountryGermany
StateSaxony
DistrictMeißen
Subdivisions5
Government
 • MayorBurkhard Müller (CDU)
Area
 • Total96.79 km2 (37.37 sq mi)
Elevation
122 m (400 ft)
Population
 (2018-12-31)[1]
 • Total18,218
 • Density190/km2 (490/sq mi)
Time zoneCET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes
01558; 01561
Dialling codes03522
Vehicle registrationMEI; GRH; RG; RIE
Websitewww.grossenhain.de

HistoryEdit

Großenhain was originally a Sorbian settlement, and remains an area where this language is spoken.

It was first mentioned in 1205.[2] It was for a time occupied by the Bohemians, by whom it was strongly fortified. It afterwards came into the possession of the margraves of Meißen, from whom it was taken in 1312 by the margraves of Brandenburg. In the middle-ages, Großenhain was one of the most powerful towns in Saxony.

It suffered considerably in all the great German wars, and in 1744 was nearly destroyed by fire. The fire destroyed the church which was then replaced by the current Marienkirche, which echoes internally echoes the Frauenkirche in nearby Dresden.

On May 16, 1813, a battle took place here between the French (Napoleon's army) and the Russians.

A military airfield was created near the town, opening in February 1914.

Kulturzentrum Grossenhain (the culture centre) was recently created, cleverly converting the ruined fragments of Schloss Grossenhain into a modern building.[3]

GeographyEdit

 
The altarpiece in the Marienkirche, Grossenhain
 
Kulturzentrum, Grossenhain

Großenhain is located on the river Röder, 30 km (19 mi) northwest of Dresden, and 17 km (11 mi) east of Riesa. It is also situated on Via Regia from Görlitz to Santiago de Compostela.

LocalitiesEdit

  • Naundorf
  • Folbern
  • Rostig
  • Zschieschen
  • Mülbitz
  • Kleinraschütz
  • Großraschütz
  • Skassa
  • Weßnitz
  • Zschauitz.


InfrastructureEdit

There are two train stations in Großenhain. The Großenhain Berliner Bahnhof had been out of service since 2002, leaving only the Großenhain Cottbusser Bahnhof, served by trains from Dresden to Elsterwerda, Cottbus and Hoyerswerda.

Großenhain is accessible by car via Bundesstraße 98 and Bundesstraße 101.

Famous peopleEdit

 
Statue in Grossenhain town square looking north to the spire of the Marienkirche

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Bevölkerung des Freistaates Sachsen jeweils am Monatsende ausgewählter Berichtsmonate nach Gemeinden" (PDF). Statistisches Landesamt des Freistaates Sachsen (in German). July 2019.
  2. ^ Großenhain, Steifzug durch eine sächsische Kleinstadt 2002, Gräser Verlag
  3. ^ https://www.kulturzentrum-grossenhain.de/index.php

  This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Grossenhain". Encyclopædia Britannica. 12 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 617.

External linksEdit