Großenhain (also written as Grossenhain; Upper Sorbian: Wulki Hojn) is a Große Kreisstadt (German for major district town) in the district of Meißen, Saxony, Germany. It was originally known as Hayne. The current name simply means "big Hayne"
|• Mayor||Burkhard Müller (CDU)|
|• Total||96.79 km2 (37.37 sq mi)|
|Elevation||122 m (400 ft)|
|• Density||190/km2 (490/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)|
|Vehicle registration||MEI; GRH; RG; RIE|
Großenhain was originally a Sorbian settlement, and remains an area where this language is spoken.
It was first mentioned in 1205. It was for a time occupied by the Bohemians, by whom it was strongly fortified. It afterwards came into the possession of the margraves of Meißen, from whom it was taken in 1312 by the margraves of Brandenburg. In the middle-ages, Großenhain was one of the most powerful towns in Saxony.
It suffered considerably in all the great German wars, and in 1744 was nearly destroyed by fire. The fire destroyed the church which was then replaced by the current Marienkirche, which echoes internally echoes the Frauenkirche in nearby Dresden.
On May 16, 1813, a battle took place here between the French (Napoleon's army) and the Russians.
A military airfield was created near the town, opening in February 1914.
Kulturzentrum Grossenhain (the culture centre) was recently created, cleverly converting the ruined fragments of Schloss Grossenhain into a modern building.
There are two train stations in Großenhain. The Großenhain Berliner Bahnhof had been out of service since 2002, leaving only the Großenhain Cottbusser Bahnhof, served by trains from Dresden to Elsterwerda, Cottbus and Hoyerswerda.
- Martin Blochwich (1602-1629): German physician, born here
- Karl Benjamin Preusker (1786–1871): Founder of the first public library in Germany (1828)
- Manfred von Richthofen (1892–1918): German fighter pilot known as The Red Baron, was trained as observer at the local airport
- Corinna Harfouch (born 1954): German actress, passed her childhood here
- Benjamin Hedericus (1675-1748): Lexicographer
- Heino (born 1938): German schlager artist, passed his childhood here
- Carlo Mierendorff (1897-1943), representatives of the SPD, a member of the German Reichstag and resistance fighter against Nazism
- Frederick Traugott Pursh (1774-1820), actually Friedrich Pursch , botanist
- Helmut H. Schaefer (1925-2005), mathematician, professor at the University of Halle (Saale), at the University of Tübingen, at the California Institute of Technology and other US universities
- Ingo Senftleben (born 1974), German politician (CDU)
- Valentin Weigel (1533-1588), theologian and philosopher
- "Bevölkerung des Freistaates Sachsen jeweils am Monatsende ausgewählter Berichtsmonate nach Gemeinden" (PDF). Statistisches Landesamt des Freistaates Sachsen (in German). July 2019.
- Großenhain, Steifzug durch eine sächsische Kleinstadt 2002, Gräser Verlag