Grisha-class corvette

The Grisha class, Soviet designation Project 1124 Al'batros, are a series of anti-submarine corvettes built by the Soviet Union between 1970 and 1990 and later by Russia and Ukraine. These ships have a limited range and are largely used only in coastal waters. They have been equipped with a variety of ASW weapons and an SA-N-4 'Gecko' surface-to-air missile launcher. All were fitted with retractable fin stabilizers.

Corvette Grisha I.jpg
Grisha I-class corvette
Class overview
NameGrisha class
BuildersZelenodolsk Gorky Plant (340), Zelenodolsk; Leninska Kuznya (302), Kiev; Kirov Shipyard (876), Khabarovsk; Eastern Shipyard (602), Vladivostok
Operators
Succeeded by
Planned92
Completed86
Cancelled6
Active20 in Russian Navy as of 2021 (8 Pacific, 6 Northern, 6 Black Sea)
Retired66
General characteristics
TypeAnti-submarine corvette
Displacement
  • Project 1124/P/M: 980 tons full load[1]
  • Project 1124K: 1,070 tons full load[1]
Length71.6 m (235 ft)
Beam9.8 m (32 ft)
Draught3.7 m (12 ft)
Propulsion
  • 3 shaft, 2 M-507A cruise diesels, 20,000 shp, (2 shafts)
  • 1 boost gas turbine, 18,000 shp, (1 shaft)
  • Electric Plant: 1 × 500 kW, 1 × 300 kW, and 1 × 200 kW diesel sets
Speed34 knots (63 km/h; 39 mph)
Range4,000 nautical miles (7,400 km; 4,600 mi) at 10 kn (19 km/h; 12 mph)
Complement60
Sensors and
processing systems
  • 1 Don-2 navigation radar
  • 1 Strut Curve air/surface search radar
  • 1 Pop Group SA-N-4 fire control radar
  • 1 Muff Cob MR-103 fire control radar
  • Bull Nose low-frequency hull-mounted sonar
  • Elk Tail medium-frequency through-hull dipping sonar
Electronic warfare
& decoys
Bizan-4B suite with Watch Dog intercept
Armament

The designation "corvette" for these ships was a conditional adaptation as the Soviet classification was a small anti-submarine ship (Russian: Малый противолодочный корабль, romanizedMalyy protivolodochnyy korabl, lit.'Small anti-submarine ship') (MPK). In the Russian Navy, the Grishas are expected to be partially replaced by the Steregushchiy-class corvette.

VariantsEdit

  • Grisha I (1124.1) – 12 ships built between 1970 and 1974 and decommissioned by 1999
  • The Grisha II class (1124P) were built for the KGB border guard and marked with P for pogranichnyi meaning "on the border". This class was built only in Zelenodolsk and Vladivostok. These ships had a second 57 mm gun mounting replacing the SA-N-4 missile system forward. 17 ships were built in the 1970s. Two were transferred to the Ukrainian Navy and some may remain in service with the Russian Maritime Border Guard.
  • The Grisha III class (1124 2nd batch) were built in the late 1970s to early 1980s. These ships incorporated several small scale modifications, including a 30 mm gun and new electronics. Thirty four units were built. Two ships were in service with the Lithuanian Navy until 2009.
  • A single Grisha IV class (1124K) ship was built in Zelenodolsk. This ship was a test ship for the SA-N-9 missile system and later was decommissioned.
  • The Grisha V class (1124 M, 1124.4) ships were built between 1985 and 1994. This incorporated further modifications with the twin 57 mm guns being replaced by a single 76 mm gun. Thirty ships were built.
    • The Grisha V class (1124MU) ships were Ukrainian ships built after the dissolution of the Soviet Union among which is Ternopil that entered service in 2006 with the Ukrainian Navy.
    • Currently on the RF ships are being modernized "Tornado 2" combat complex for antisubmarine "Zapad" type missiles firing.[2]
    • As of 2021, some twenty Grishas (mostly Grisha IIIs) remain active in the Russian Navy.

ShipsEdit

Name Builders Laid down Launched Commissioned Fleet Status Notes
Project 1124 (Grisha I)
MPK-147 Zelenodolsk 26 December 1966 11 December 1967 31 August 1970 Black Sea Decommissioned 19 September 1994
MPK-5 Zelenodolsk 30 December 1967 16 October 1968 31 October 1970 Black Sea Decommissioned 24 August 1993
MPK-131 Zelenodolsk 25 May 1968 4 July 1969 30 December 1970 Northern Decommissioned 31 January 1991
MPK-133 Zelenodolsk 4 October 1968 17 December 1969 15 September 1971 Northern Decommissioned 11 February 1994
MPK-33 Zelenodolsk 23 May 1969 30 April 1970 24 December 1971 Northern Decommissioned 7 February 1995
MPK-47 Zelenodolsk 5 September 1969 17 July 1970 30 December 1971 Northern Decommissioned 31 December 1991
MPK-65 Zelenodolsk 10 July 1970 5 February 1971 30 September 1972 Northern Decommissioned 19 April 1990
MPK-3 Zelenodolsk 12 October 1970 9 July 1971 29 December 1972 Northern Decommissioned 20 April 1991
MPK-8 Zelenodolsk 3 March 1971 30 January 1972 28 September 1973 Black Sea Decommissioned 3 July 1992
MPK-43 Zelenodolsk 1 August 1972 2 June 1973 28 December 1974 Black Sea Decommissioned in 1999 Renamed Odesskiy Komsomolets (5 April 1983)
Renamed MPK-43 (15 February 1992)
Transferred to Ukraine in 1990s
Renamed U-209 Sumy (1 August 1997)
MPK-40 Zelenodolsk 28 April 1973 23 May 1974 30 September 1975 Northern Decommissioned 25 January 1994
MPK-138 Zelenodolsk 26 March 1975 11 May 1976 31 December 1976 Northern Decommissioned 3 July 1992
MPK-141 Zelenodolsk 3 July 1976 16 April 1977 30 September 1977 Northern (Black Sea until 21 September 1978) Decommissioned 5 July 1994
MPK-152 Zelenodolsk 18 November 1976 18 June 1976 30 December 1977 Northern (Black Sea until 21 September 1978) Decommissioned 5 July 1994
MPK-161 Zelenodolsk 1 October 1977 6 May 1978 30 December 1978 Baltic Decommissioned 31 July 1996
MPK-2 Zelenodolsk 10 February 1978 24 March 1979 28 November 1979 Baltic Decommissioned 17 July 1997
MPK-49 Zelenodolsk 23 March 1980 14 February 1982 31 August 1982 Black Sea (Baltic until 8 August 1984) Active with Russian Navy[3] Renamed Aleksandrovets (29 August 2004)
MPK-52 Kuznya na Rybalskomu 30 October 1968 30 May 1971 31 December 1971 Black Sea Decommissioned 11 June 1999 Transferred to Ukraine in 1990s

Renamed U210 Kherson (1 August 1997)

MPK-31 Kuznya na Rybalskomu 30 September 1969 8 April 1973 30 September 1973 Northern (Black Sea until 5 July 1974) Decommissioned 7 February 1995
MPK-127 Kuznya na Rybalskomu 16 September 1974 10 July 1976 27 December 1976 Black Sea Decommissioned 22 June 2005 Renamed Komsomolets Gruzii (26 August 1980)
Renamed MPK-127 (15 February 1992)
MPK-6 Kuznya na Rybalskomu 15 July 1976 3 June 1978 12 December 1978 Black Sea Decommissioned 16 March 1998
MPK-36 Khabarovsk 1970 31 December 1972 Pacific Decommissioned 30 June 1993
MPK-41 Khabarovsk 12 April 1971 22 August 1972 31 December 1972 Pacific Decommissioned 30 June 1993
MPK-117 Khabarovsk 19 April 1972 8 September 1973 31 December 1973 Pacific Decommissioned 28 February 1992
MPK-81 Khabarovsk 26 March 1973 10 August 1974 31 December 1974 Pacific Decommissioned 11 February 1994
MPK-122 Khabarovsk 27 April 1974 23 August 1975 31 December 1975 Pacific Decommissioned 5 July 1994
MPK-143 Khabarovsk 25 February 1975 3 September 1976 31 December 1976 Pacific Decommissioned 17 July 1997
MPK-145 Khabarovsk 29 October 1975 11 June 1977 30 November 1977 Pacific Decommissioned 4 August 1995
MPK-170 Khabarovsk 31 May 1976 30 September 1977 14 October 1978 Pacific Decommissioned 31 July 1996
MPK-4 Khabarovsk 27 November 1976 15 May 1978 27 July 1979 Pacific Decommissioned 17 July 1997
MPK-101 Khabarovsk 31 May 1977 3 October 1978 23 December 1979 Pacific Decommissioned 16 March 1998 Renamed Zaporozhskiy Komsomolets (3 November 1989)
Renamed MPK-101 (15 February 1992)
MPK-155 Khabarovsk 20 December 1977 29 May 1979 30 September 1980 Pacific Decommissioned 5 July 1994
MPK-37 Khabarovsk 31 May 1978 20 October 1979 19 December 1980 Pacific Decommissioned 4 August 1995
MPK-178 Khabarovsk 30 November 1982 8 May 1984 21 December 1984 Pacific Decommissioned in 2012 (sunk as target ship in 2013)
MPK-191 Khabarovsk 30 November 1982 7 May 1985 21 November 1985 Pacific Active with Russian Navy[3] Renamed Kholmsk (1 June 2006)
Project 1124P (Grisha II)
Brilliant Zelenodolsk 1 February 1972 19 October 1972 25 December 1973 Northern Decommissioned 13 March 1995
Zhemchug Zelenodolsk 28 March 1972 14 January 1973 30 August 1974 Northern Decommissioned 4 October 1995
Izumrud Zelenodolsk 8 February 1973 3 February 1974 28 December 1974 Northern Decommissioned 2012
Rubin Zelenodolsk 22 December 1973 17 November 1974 31 December 1975 Northern Decommissioned 15 June 1992
Almaz Zelenodolsk 10 June 1974 12 July 1975 31 December 1975 Northern Decommissioned 23 May 1997 Renamed Ametist (September 1975)
Dnepr Zelenodolsk 23 December 1975 12 September 1976 31 December 1976 Black Sea Decommissioned 29 January 2021 Transferred to Ukraine in 1990s
Renamed U206 Vinnitsa (19 January 1996)
Renamed A206 (April 2018); reported scuttled during Russian invasion of Ukraine[4]
Sapfir Zelenodolsk 4 May 1977 31 January 1978 31 July 1978 Northern Decommissioned 13 June 1998
Izmail Zelenodolsk 12 September 1978 22 June 1980 28 December 1980 Black Sea Decommissioned 30 November 2004 Transferred to Ukraine in 1990s
Renamed U205 Chernigov (19 January 1996)
Renamed Izmail (26 July 2004)
Provorny Zelenodolsk 21 june 1980 30 July 1982 30 December 1982 Northern (Baltic until 1991) Decommissioned 4 August 1998
Predanny Zelenodolsk 18 March 1982 16 April 1983 30 September 1983 Northern (Baltic until 1991) Decommissioned 2002
Nadezhny Zelenodolsk 19 September 1982 25 February 1984 20 September 1984 Northern Decommissioned 2002
Dozorny Zelenodolsk 1982 1985 26 December 1985 Northern Decommissioned 2009
Bditelny Khabarovsk 1979 18 April 1981 25 September 1981 Pacific Decommissioned 13 June 1998
Bezuprechny Khabarovsk 1979 1981 19 December 1981 Pacific Decommissioned 2015
Zorky Khabarovsk 15 February 1980 2 November 1981 29 October 1982 Pacific Decommissioned 20 June 2006
Reshitelny Khabarovsk 28 October 1980 18 September 1982 31 August 1983 Pacific Decommissioned 13 June 1998
Smely Khabarovsk 27 May 1981 7 April 1983 15 December 1983 Pacific Decommissioned 2015
Bravy Vladivostok 1988 Not Completed
Verny Vladivostok 1988 Not Completed
Strogy Vladivostok 1988 Not Completed
Project 1124M (Grisha III)
MPK-44 Kuznya na Rybalskomu 18 July 1977 29 March 1980 25 October 1980 Baltic Decommissioned 22 October 2008 Renamed Komsomolets Latvii (30 September 1983)
Transferred to Lithuania in 1990s
Renamed MPK-44 (15 February 1992)
Renamed F11 Zemaitis (28 April 1993)
MPK-108 Zelenodolsk 14 May 1979 6 February 1981 25 September 1981 Baltic Decommissioned in April 2010 Transferred to Lithuania in 1990s
Renamed F12 Aukstaitis (28 April 1993)
MPK-64 Kuznya na Rybalskomu 30 March 1980 27 March 1982 10 December 1982 Black Sea Active with Russian Navy[3] Renamed Kievskiy Komsomolets (27 July 1982)
Renamed MPK-134 (15 February 1992)
Renamed Muromets (5 April 1999)
MPK-118 Kuznya na Rybalskomu 1 August 1981 27 March 1983 3 October 1983 Black Sea Active with Russian Navy[3] Renamed Komsomolets Moldavii (10 April 1984)
Renamed MPK-118 (15 February 1992)
Renamed Suzdalets (5 April 1999)
MPK-139 Kuznya na Rybalskomu 8 April 1982 18 February 1984 2 August 1984 Northern Decommissioned 22 June 2005
MPK-190 Kuznya na Rybalskomu 5 April 1983 20 January 1985 8 August 1985 Northern Decommissioned 16 March 1998
MPK-199 Kuznya na Rybalskomu 20 February 1984 7 December 1985 7 October 1986 Black Sea Active with Russian Navy[3] Renamed Komsomolets Armenii (18 December 1985)
Renamed MPK-199 (15 February 1992)
Renamed Kasimov (2001)
MPK-202 Kuznya na Rybalskomu 22 January 1985 10 November 1986 6 October 1987 Northern Decommissioned 16 March 1998
MPK-113 Kuznya na Rybalskomu 12 November 1985 31 July 1987 5 August 1988 Northern Decommissioned 1 June 2001
MPK-207 Kuznya na Rybalskomu 12 June 1986 6 May 1988 3 April 1989 Black Sea Active with Russian Navy[3] Renamed Povorino
MPK-217 Kuznya na Rybalskomu 16 March 1987 12 April 1989 26 December 1989 Black Sea Active with Russian Navy[3] Renamed Eysk (9 September 1999)
MPK-214 Kuznya na Rybalskomu 20 August 1987 30 March 1990 29 September 1990 Pacific Active with Russian Navy[3] Renamed Leninskaya Kuznitsa (2 February 1990)
Renamed MPK-125 (15 February 1992)
Renamed Sovetskaya Gavan (12 November 2005)
MPK-82 Kuznya na Rybalskomu 20 April 1989 20 April 1991 26 September 1991 Pacific Active with Russian Navy[3]
MPK-142 Zelenodolsk 20 February 1982 19 May 1984 30 December 1984 Northern Decommissioned 16 March 1998
MPK-198 Zelenodolsk 3 August 1984 27 April 1986 29 December 1986 Northern Decommissioned 16 March 1998
MPK-69 Zelenodolsk 4 April 1985 2 May 1987 29 December 1987 Northern Decommissioned 16 March 1998
MPK-194 Zelenodolsk 11 May 1987 30 July 1988 27 September 1988 Northern Active with Russian Navy[3] Renamed Brestskiy Komsomolets (22 July 1988)
Renamed MPK-194 (15 February 1992)
Renamed Brest (July 2000)
MPK-196 Zelenodolsk 11 May 1987 30 July 1988 30 December 1988 Northern Decommissioned in 2002
MPK-197 Zelenodolsk 27 October 1987 8 April 1989 25 October 1989 Decommissioned 3 May 2001
MPK-203 Zelenodolsk 26 March 1988 19 July 1989 28 December 1989 Northern Active with Russian Navy[3] Renamed Yunga (2 February 1990)
Arkhangelskiy Komsomolets Zelenodolsk 17 August 1988 9 March 1990 28 September 1990 Northern Active with Russian Navy[3] Renamed MPK-130 (15 February 1992)
Renamed Naryan-Mar (2002)
MPK-56 Zelenodolsk 12 April 1989 30 June 1990 29 December 1990 Northern Decommissioned 22 June 2005
MPK-7 Zelenodolsk 20 April 1989 30 June 1990 28 December 1990 Northern Active with Russian Navy[3] Renamed Onega (June 2003)
MPK-10 Zelenodolsk 19 March 1990 27 July 1991 28 December 1991 Northern Decommissioned 1 June 2006
MPK-14 Zelenodolsk 27 March 1991 6 June 1992 31 May 1993 Northern Active with Russian Navy[3] Renamed Monchegorsk (17 August 1999)
MPK-59 Zelenodolsk 20 November 1990 22 May 1993 12 August 1994 Northern Active with Russian Navy[3] Renamed Snezhnogorsk
MPK-200 Khabarovsk 8 February 1985 29 April 1987 29 December 1987 Pacific Active with Russian Navy[3] Renamed Primorskiy Komsomolets (11 August 1987)
Renamed MPK-221 (15 February 1992)
MPK-89 Khabarovsk 27 January 1986 3 November 1987 13 December 1988 Pacific Decommissioned 17 July 1997
MPK-222 Khabarovsk 7 January 1987 27 April 1989 20 December 1989 Pacific Active with Russian Navy[3] Renamed Koreets (24 November 2003)
MPK-28 Khabarovsk 2 September 1987 9 September 1989 27 December 1989 Pacific Decommissioned 22 June 2005
Irkutskiy Komsomolets Khabarovsk 22 February 1988 5 June 1990 14 December 1990 Pacific Active with Russian Navy[3] Renamed MPK-107 (15 February 1992)
MPK-64 Khabarovsk 4 January 1988 2 October 1990 31 December 1990 Pacific Active with Russian Navy[3] Renamed Metel (1 October 2003)
MPK-17 Khabarovsk 22 January 1990 28 August 1991 30 December 1991 Pacific Active with Russian Navy[3] Renamed Ust-Ilimsk (16 January 2010)
MPK-20 Khabarovsk 1990 Not Completed
Project 1124K (Grisha IV)
MPK-104 Zelenodolsk 12 June 1979 23 March 1980 30 October 1980 Black Sea Decommissioned 16 March 1998
Project 1124 MU (Grisha V)
MPK-85 Kuznya na Rybalskomu 11 January 1991 22 May 1993 30 December 1993 Black Sea Captured by Russia during the Crimean crisis; status unknown[5] Completed for Ukraine
Renamed U200 Lutsk (July 1994)
Renamed U205 Lutsk (2005)
U209 Ternopil Kuznya na Rybalskomu 23 April 1991 15 March 2002 28 December 2005 Black Sea Captured by Russia during the Crimean crisis; status unknown[5] Completed for Ukraine
Lviv Kuznya na Rybalskomu Not Completed[6]
Zaporozhskaya Sech Kuznya na Rybalskomu Not Completed[6]

GalleryEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Project 1124 Specifications". GlobalSecurity.org. Retrieved 2018-11-28.
  2. ^ "Rostec Provided New Missiles for Black Sea Navy". Rostec.ru. 20 March 2018. Retrieved 2018-11-28.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t "List of Active Russian Navy Ships and Submarines (December 2021)". russianships.info. Retrieved 26 December 2021.
  4. ^ "Ukrainian forces sink their own anti-submarine corvette Vinnytsia".
  5. ^ a b "Russian media show Ukrainian ships in Crimea". unian.info. 13 January 2018. Retrieved 26 December 2021.
  6. ^ a b "Ukrainian Navy Grisha Corvettes". Globalsecurity.org. Retrieved 26 December 2021.