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The Grisha class, Soviet deisignation Project 1124 Albatros (albatross), was a series of anti-submarine corvettes built by the Soviet Union between 1970 and 1990 and later by Russia and Ukraine. These ships had a limited range and were used only in coastal waters. They were equipped with a variety of ASW weapons and an SA-N-4 'Gecko' surface-to-air missile launcher. All were fitted with retractable fin stabilizers.
Grisha I-class corvette
|Builders:||Zelenodolsk Gorky Plant (340), Zelenodolsk; Leninska Kuznya (302), Kiev; Kirov Shipyard (876), Khabarovsk; Eastern Shipyard (602), Vladivostok|
|Succeeded by:||Steregushchiy class|
|Length:||71.6 m (235 ft)|
|Beam:||9.8 m (32 ft)|
|Draught:||3.7 m (12 ft)|
|Speed:||34 knots (63 km/h; 39 mph)|
|Range:||4,000 nautical miles (7,400 km; 4,600 mi) at 10 kn (19 km/h; 12 mph)|
|Sensors and |
|Electronic warfare |
|Bizan-4B suite with Watch Dog intercept|
The designation "corvette" for these ships was a conditional adaptation as the Soviet classification was a small anti-submarine ship (Russian: Малый противолодочный корабль, romanized: Malyy protivolodochnyy korabl, lit. 'Small anti-submarine ship') (MPK).
- Grisha I (1124.1) – 12 ships built between 1970 and 1974 and decommissioned by 1979
- The Grisha II class (1124P) were built for the KGB border guard and marked with P for pogranichnyi meaning "on the border". This class was built only in Zelenodolsk and Vladivostok. These ships had a second 57 mm gun mounting replacing the SA-N-4 missile system forward. 17 ships were built in the 1970s. Two were transferred to the Ukrainian Navy and around seven are in service with the Russian Maritime Border Guard.
- The Grisha III class (1124M) were built in the late 1970s to early 1980s. These ships incorporated several small scale modifications, including a 30 mm gun and new electronics. Thirty four units were built. About 20 remain in Russian service. Two ships were in service with the Lithuanian Navy until 2009.
- A single Grisha IV class (1124K) ship was built in Zelenodolsk. This ship was a test ship for the SA-N-9 missile system and later was decommissioned.
- The Grisha V class (1124 ME, 1124.4) ships were built between 1985 and 1994. This incorporated further modifications with the twin 57 mm guns being replaced by a single 76 mm gun. Thirty ships were built. About 28 ships remain in the Russian Navy.
- The Grisha V class (1124 MU) ships were Ukrainian ships built after the dissolution of the Soviet Union among which is Ternopil that entered service in 2006 with the Ukrainian Navy.
- Currently on the RF ships are being modernized "Tornado 2" combat complex for antisubmarine "Zapad" type missiles firing.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Grisha class corvettes.|
- Gardiner, Robert (ed.) (1995). Conway's All the World's Fighting Ships 1947–1995. London: Conway Maritime. ISBN 0-85177-605-1. OCLC 34284130.CS1 maint: extra text: authors list (link) Also published as Gardiner, Robert; Chumbley, Stephen; Budzbon, Przemysław (1995). Conway's All the World's Fighting Ships 1947–1995. Annapolis, MD: Naval Institute Press. ISBN 1-55750-132-7. OCLC 34267261.
- "Project 1124 Albatros Grisha class". Federation of American Scientists. 2000-09-07. Retrieved 2008-01-27.
- All Grisha Class Corvettes - Complete Ship List