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Grimsby is a town on Lake Ontario in the Niagara Region, Ontario, Canada. Grimsby is a part of the Hamilton Census Metropolitan Area. It is named after the English fishing town of Grimsby in north-east Lincolnshire. The majority of residents reside in the area bounded by Lake Ontario and the Niagara Escarpment. The escarpment (colloquially known as 'the mountain') is home to a section of the Bruce Trail.
|Town of Grimsby|
Location of Grimsby within the Regional Municipality of Niagara
|• Mayor||Jeff A. Jordan|
|• Governing Body||Town of Grimsby Council|
|• MP||Dean Allison (CPC)|
|• MPP||Sam Oosterhoff (PC)|
|• Land||68.93 km2 (26.61 sq mi)|
|• Density||396.3/km2 (1,026/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC-5 (EST)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-4 (EDT)|
|Forward Sortation Area|
|Highways||Queen Elizabeth Way|
Grimsby has experienced significant growth over the past decade as the midpoint between Hamilton and St. Catharines. Growth is limited by the natural boundaries of Lake Ontario and the Niagara Escarpment. Some residents feel development is detrimental to the town as orchards close to the town centre are used for residential development; however, most of the orchards in Grimsby were replaced by houses between the 1950s and 1980s and very few orchards remain.
Some notable attractions in Grimsby are the local skatepark, the Grimsby Museum, the Grimsby Public Library, the Grimsby Public Art Gallery, the West Niagara YMCA, the Danish Church and the hockey arena (Peach King Centre), home of the Grimsby Peach Kings.
The town of Grimsby was founded in 1790 (originally named Township Number 6 and then 'The Forty'), after a group of United Empire Loyalists settled at the mouth of 40 Mile Creek in 1787. Robert Nelles, a politician and later lieutenant-colonel in the War of 1812, was one of the town's founders. His home on Main Street West was used for many planning sessions during the war. In 1816 the village became known as Grimsby, the name of the surrounding township. Canada's first Chautauqua was established in 1859 in Grimsby Park and Beach but by 1900 interest had declined and by 1909 it had ceased. The Village of Grimsby was officially incorporated in 1876 and became a town in 1922.
The town has gone through many changes, from being a small rural village; to a centre for the manufacture of farm machinery, hospital furniture, furnaces and other metal products; and later the hub of the Niagara Peninsula's fruit-growing industry. Grimsby also had a successful fishing industry which lasted until the 1960s. The Town of Grimsby and the Township of North Grimsby were amalgamated in 1970 with the formation of the Regional Municipality of Niagara. With a number of wineries and distilleries, Grimsby now serves as the starting point for touring the Niagara wine region.
Grimsby is also the birthplace of a now forgotten Hollywood director, Del Lord. He rose to acclaim as the director of most of the Three Stooges short vaudeville comedies. Later, under Columbia Pictures, he also directed nearly 200 feature films.
Grimsby Beach was once a major holiday resort. Grimsby Park started in 1846 as a park for the Hamilton district of the Methodist Church. In 1910, the park's new owner, Harry Wylie, modernized the park with carousels, a motion picture theater, and a "Figure 8" roller coaster. Canada Steamship Lines bought out the park in 1916, but the park declined through the 1920s, mainly due to multiple fires that consumed many of the wooden buildings. Operations continued until 1949, with attractions gradually closing and developers buying land to build houses.
The Council is composed of a Mayor and eight Councillors who serve for a term of four years. The Mayor is elected at large and the Councillors are elected by ward. The town is divided into four wards with two Councillors elected in each ward. It is the role of Council to represent the public and to consider the well-being and interests of the municipality; to develop and evaluate policies and programs; to determine which services the municipality provides; to ensure administrative practices and procedures are in place to implement the decisions of Council; and to maintain the financial integrity of the municipality. The Council generally meets on the first and third Mondays of each month. All meetings are open to the public and are also televised live on the local Government-access television (GATV) cable TV channel.
The currrent council (2018-2022 term) was sworn in on December 3, 2018 with the following members:
- Jeff A. Jordan
- Town Council Members Ward 1
- Councillor Reg Freake
- Councillor Kevin Ritchie
- Town Council Members Ward 2
- Councillor Dave Kadwell
- Councillor Lianne Vardy
- Town Council Members Ward 3
- Councillor John Dunstall
- Councillor Randy Vaine
- Town Council Members Ward 4
- Councillor Dorothy Bothwell
- Councillor Dave Sharpe
Council has appointed four standing Committees as follows:
- Administration and Finance Committee (4 Councillors and Mayor) - Main functions are current and capital budget preparation and administration; personnel policies and compensation plans; financial matters; general administrative matters; public relations; fire matters; cemetery administration; school crossing guards; canine control. The administration, treasury and fire departments report to council through this committee, as well as the library, art gallery and museum for budget purposes.
- Planning and Development Committee (4 Councillors, 3 Citizen Appointees and Mayor) - Main functions are land use planning, economic development and promotion and building inspection. The planning and building departments report to council through this committee.
- Public Works Committee (4 Councillors and Mayor) - Main functions are storm drainage, sidewalks, roads, street lighting, water distribution, sanitary sewers, solid waste management, cemetery maintenance, parking and traffic control. The public works department reports to council through this committee.
- Recreation Services Committee (4 Councillors, 3 Citizen Appointees and mayor) - Main functions are parks, community and recreation services and programming. The recreation, facilities & culture department reports to council through this committee, as well as the art gallery, library and museum.
Bisecting the town is the Queen Elizabeth Way, one of the 400-series highways. It has three interchanges in the town, with Casablanca Boulevard in the west, a central interchange for three roads (Christie Street, Ontario Street, and Maple Avenue), and Bartlett Avenue in the east.
The Grimsby railway station, on the south side of the railway tracks west of Ontario Street and south of Queen Elizabeth Way, is served by the Maple Leaf train jointly operated by Via Rail and Amtrak. A GO Transit train station is planned for operation on the Lakeshore West line and is expected to open in 2021. Of three sites for the Grimsby GO Station evaluated by Metrolinx, the Crown agency that operates GO Transit, the preferred site for the proposed station is west of and adjacent to Casablanca Boulevard.
- Grimsby Secondary School (operated by DSBN)
- Blessed Trinity Catholic Secondary School (operated by NCDSB)
- Central Public School
- Grand Ave. Public School
- Lakeview Public School
- Nelles Public School
- Our Lady of Fatima Catholic School
- Park Public School
- Smith Public School
- St. Joseph Catholic School
- Centennial Park Baptist Church
- Christ Our Saviour Lutheran
- Church of Christ
- Covenant Canadian Reformed Church
- The Danish Lutheran Church
- Forestview Community Church
- Jehovah's Witness Kingdom Hall
- Lakemount Worship Centre
- Lincoln Pioneer Seventh-day Adventist Church
- Mountainview Christian Reformed Church
- New Apostolic Church
- New Life Community Church
- Park Rd. United Church
- Spiritual Assembly of the Bahá'ís of Grimsby
- St. Andrew's Anglican (1825), the third church on this site, features a churchyard containing graves of many early settlers (c. 1785-) at The Forty, as Grimsby was originally called.
- St. George's Ukrainian Orthodox
- St. John's Presbyterian
- St. Joseph's Roman Catholic
- St. Mary's Ukrainian Catholic
- St. Philip By-The-Lake Anglican
- Trinity United Church
From Statcan 
|Age Characteristics of the Population||Total||Male||Female|
|Total - All persons||25,325||12,350||12,975|
|Age 85 and over||555||175||385|
- 30% Roman Catholic
- 15% Anglican
- 14% United Church
- 19% No religion
- 27% Other
The unofficial demonym for a person from Grimsby is "Grimsbonian" (possibly in imitation of "Torontonian", for a person from Toronto, the largest nearby metropolitan centre to Grimsby). There are many notable Grimsbonians.
Grimsby's climate varies throughout the year; 12 °C – 15 °C in the spring, 21 °C – 33 °C in the summer, and 10 °C – 17 °C in the fall. Temperatures in the winter months are around 4 °C to −16 °C, with about 190 cm of snow per year.
|Climate data for Grimsby|
|Record high °C (°F)||19.4
|Average high °C (°F)||−1.6
|Daily mean °C (°F)||−4.8
|Average low °C (°F)||−8.2
|Record low °C (°F)||−25
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||68.5
|Average rainfall mm (inches)||22.3
|Average snowfall cm (inches)||46.2
|Average precipitation days (≥ 0.2 mm)||13||11||12||12||11||9||8||10||10||11||12||13||132|
|Average rainy days (≥ 0.2 mm)||4||4||8||11||11||9||8||10||10||11||10||6||102|
|Average snowy days (≥ 0.2 cm)||9||7||4||1||0||0||0||0||0||0||2||8||31|
|Source: Environment Canada|
- 2016 Census Profile
- Canada, Government of Canada, Statistics. "2011 Census Profile". www12.statcan.ca.
- "Welcome! - Bruce Trail". The Bruce Trail Conservancy.
- "Home". grimsbyhistoricalsociety.com.
- "Museum". www.grimsby.ca.
- Hodara, Jacob. "Library Home". www.grimsby.ca.
- "Art Gallery". www.grimsby.ca.
- See http://www.grimsbybaptist.org/
- See http://www.grimsby.folkekirken.dk
- See http://www.lakemount.ca/
- "Life at Mountainview - Mountainview Christian Reformed Church". Mountainview Christian Reformed Church.
- http://www.heritagefdn.on.ca/userfiles/HTML/nts_1_6364_1.html St. Andrew's Anglican Church
- Environment Canada—Climate Normals for Grimsby 1961-1990. Retrieved 18 March 2012.