Grenadian Creole English

Grenadian Creole English is a Creole language spoken in Grenada. It is a member of the Southern branch of English-based Eastern Atlantic Creoles, along with Antiguan Creole (Antigua and Barbuda), Bajan Creole (Barbados), Guyanese Creole (Guyana), Tobagonian Creole, Trinidadian Creole (Trinidad and Tobago), Vincentian Creole (Saint Vincent and the Grenadines), and Virgin Islands Creole (Virgin Islands).[2] It is the common vernacular and the native language of nearly all inhabitants of Grenada, or approximately 89,000 native speakers in 2001.[3]

Grenadian Creole English
Native toGrenada
Native speakers
89,000 (2001)[1]
English Creole
  • Atlantic
    • Eastern
      • Southern
        • Grenadian Creole English
Language codes
ISO 639-3gcl


The British Empire took control of Grenada from France in the 18th century, and ruled until its independence in 1974.[4] Despite the long history of British rule, Grenada's French heritage is still evidenced by the number of French loanwords in Grenadian Creole English, as well as by the lingering existence of Grenadian Creole French in the country.[5] The francophone character of Grenada was uninterrupted for more than a century before British rule which eventually led to Grenadian Creole English replacing Grenadian Creole French as the lingua franca of the island. [6]

The Grenada Creole Society, founded in 2009, implemented the mission to research and document the language in Grenada. The initial findings were published in 2012 in the publication Double Voicing and Multiplex Identities ed. Nicholas Faraclas et al.

Linguistic FeaturesEdit

The syntactic structures of Grenadian Creole English is influenced by Standard English, French and some African languages.[6]

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ Grenadian Creole English at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015) (subscription required)
  2. ^ Ethnologue report for Southern
  3. ^ Ethnologue report for language code:gcl
  4. ^ Grenada – History
  5. ^ French Creole in Grenada
  6. ^ a b Chase, Thomas R.; Chase, Zarah A. (2018-01-30). Abridged Handbook of Grenadian Creole English and French Names: A Dictionary of Grenadian Creole English with Grammar & Syntax. AuthorHouse. ISBN 978-1-5462-1688-9.

External linksEdit