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Gregory Bruce Jarvis (August 24, 1944 – January 28, 1986) was an American engineer who died during the destruction of the Space Shuttle Challenger on mission STS-51-L, where he was serving as payload specialist for Hughes Aircraft.

Gregory Jarvis
Gregory Jarvis (NASA) cropped.jpg
Born(1944-08-24)August 24, 1944
DiedJanuary 28, 1986(1986-01-28) (aged 41)
NationalityAmerican
Other namesGregory Bruce Jarvis
Alma materSUNY Buffalo, B.S. 1967
Northeastern University, M.S. 1969
West Coast University
OccupationEngineer
AwardsCongressional Space Medal of Honor
Space career
Hughes Aircraft Payload Specialist
RankCaptain, USAF
MissionsSTS-51-L (disaster)
Mission insignia
STS-51-L-patch-small.png
Memorial at Hermosa Beach

Contents

EducationEdit

Jarvis graduated from Mohawk Central High School (later renamed to Gregory B. Jarvis High School, which eventually became the Gregory B. Jarvis Middle School in his honor), in Mohawk, New York, in 1962. He received a B.S. degree in electrical engineering from the State University of New York at Buffalo in 1967, and a M.S. degree in the same discipline from Northeastern University in 1969.[1] Jarvis joined the United States Air Force the same year and served until 1973, when he was honorably discharged as a Captain. Thereafter he worked for Hughes Aircraft.

Space Shuttle Challenger disasterEdit

In June 1984, Jarvis was one of two Hughes Aircraft employees selected as candidates for the Space Shuttle program.[2] He planned to conduct experiments regarding the effects of weightlessness on fluids. Jarvis was originally scheduled to make his shuttle flight in April 1985, but his spot on that flight was replaced by U.S. senator Jake Garn. His flight was rescheduled for early January 1986, but he was again replaced – this time by U.S. representative Bill Nelson.[1][2]

Jarvis was Payload Specialist 2 on STS-51-L which was launched from the Kennedy Space Center, Florida, at 11:38:00 EST on January 28, 1986. The crew on board the Orbiter Challenger included Commander Dick Scobee, pilot Michael J. Smith (USN), mission specialists Dr. Ronald McNair, Lt. Col. Ellison Onizuka (USAF), Dr. Judith Resnik, and fellow civilian payload specialist, Christa McAuliffe. The entire STS-51-L crew died on January 28, 1986, when Challenger broke up during launch.

The remains of all seven astronauts from the Challenger disaster were discovered in the crew decks on the ocean floor. Jarvis' body was discovered in the lower mid-deck along with McNair and McAuliffe. During salvage operations to raise the crew deck from the ocean floor, his body escaped from the wreckage, floated to the surface, and disappeared back into the sea. On April 15, 1986, on the last scheduled attempt to recover wreckage, it was rediscovered and returned to shore.[3][4] Jarvis was cremated and his ashes scattered in the Pacific Ocean.

Awards and honorsEdit

The East Engineering building on University at Buffalo (SUNY) north campus was renamed Jarvis Hall after Gregory Jarvis' death. In Spring of 1986, when the university had not yet named the building in his memory, students nailed a sign with the name "Jarvis Hall" onto the side of the building as a show of support for the deceased astronaut. In 1987, the name was made official with a dedication ceremony. Jarvis Hall is devoted largely to Aerospace Engineering and engineering support services.[5]

Mohawk Central High School in Mohawk, NY was renamed Gregory B. Jarvis Jr/Sr High School. It is now the Gregory B. Jarvis Middle School of the Central Valley Central School District.

Jarvis was portrayed by Richard Jenkins in the 1990 TV movie Challenger.

In 2004, Jarvis was posthumously awarded the Congressional Space Medal of Honor.

The hydropower producing dam on Hinckley Lake, NY, operated by the New York Power Authority, is named the Gregory B. Jarvis Dam.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Thornton, Mary (January 29, 1986). "Jarvis: Bumped From Two Flights by Members of Congress". The Washington Post. Retrieved February 23, 2019.
  2. ^ a b Nordheimer, Jon (February 10, 1986). "2 Space Novices with a Love of Knowledge; Gregory Jarvis". The New York Times. Retrieved February 23, 2019.
  3. ^ Barbree, Jay. "Chapter 6: Raising heroes from the sea". MSNBC. NBC News.
  4. ^ Thomas, Evan (June 21, 2005). "Painful Legacies of a Lost Mission". Time.
  5. ^ www.buffalo.edu

External linksEdit