Greenwich Island (variant historical names Sartorius Island, Berezina Island) is an island 24 km (15 mi) long and from 0.80 to 9.66 km (0.5 to 6 mi) (average 5.23 km or 3.25 mi) wide, lying between Robert Island and Livingston Island in the South Shetland Islands. Surface area 142.7 square kilometres (55.1 sq mi). The name Greenwich Island dates back to at least 1821 and is now established in international usage.
|Coordinates||62°31′S 59°47′W / 62.517°S 59.783°W|
|Archipelago||South Shetland Islands|
|Area||142.7 km2 (55.1 sq mi)|
|Length||24 km (14.9 mi)|
|Width||5.23 km (3.25 mi)|
|Highest elevation||625 m (2051 ft)|
|Highest point||Momchil Peak|
|Administered under the Antarctic Treaty System|
The Chilean base Arturo Prat and the Ecuadorian base Pedro Vicente Maldonado are situated on the northeast and north coast of the island respectively.
Chilean scientists have claimed that Amerinds visited the area, due to stone artifacts recovered from bottom-sampling operations off the island; however, the artefacts — two arrowheads — were later found to have been planted.
- Chart of South Shetland including Coronation Island, &c. from the exploration of the sloop Dove in the years 1821 and 1822 by George Powell Commander of the same. Scale ca. 1:200000. London: Laurie, 1822.
- L.L. Ivanov et al. Antarctica: Livingston Island and Greenwich Island, South Shetland Islands (from English Strait to Morton Strait, with illustrations and ice-cover distribution). Scale 1:100000 topographic map. Sofia: Antarctic Place-names Commission of Bulgaria, 2005.
- L.L. Ivanov. Antarctica: Livingston Island and Smith Island. Scale 1:100000 topographic map. Manfred Wörner Foundation, 2017. ISBN 978-619-90008-3-0
- ^ L.L. Ivanov. Antarctica: Livingston Island and Greenwich, Robert, Snow and Smith Islands. Scale 1:120000 topographic map. Troyan: Manfred Wörner Foundation, 2010. ISBN 978-954-92032-9-5 (First edition 2009. ISBN 978-954-92032-6-4)
- ^ G. Hattersley-Smith (June 1983). "Fuegian Indians in the Falkland Islands". Polar Record. Cambridge University Press. 21 (135): 605–606. doi:10.1017/S003224740002204X.
- ^ "Authentication of aboriginal remains in the South Shetland Islands". NASA. 2012-10-15. Archived from the original on 2014-01-02. Retrieved 2 January 2014. This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.
- ^ Griffiths, Tom (2007). Slicing the Silence: Voyaging to Antarctica. Harvard University Press. pp. 344–345. ISBN 978-0674026339.
Fragment of George Powell's 1822 chart of the South Shetland Islands and South Orkney Islands featuring Greenwich Island
Breznik Heights, Greenwich Island from near Camp Academia, with Half Moon Island and McFarlane Strait in the foreground
Fort Point and St. Kiprian Peak, Greenwich Island from Bransfield Strait