Green figbird

The green figbird or Timor figbird (Sphecotheres viridis) is a species of bird in the family Oriolidae. It is endemic to forest, woodland, mangrove, and scrub on the Indonesian islands of Roti and Timor. It is moderately common, so is considered to be of least concern by BirdLife International and the IUCN.[1]

Green figbird
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Passeriformes
Family: Oriolidae
Genus: Sphecotheres
S. viridis
Binomial name
Sphecotheres viridis
Vieillot, 1816
  • Oriolus viridis
  • Sphecotera viridis

Taxonomy and systematicsEdit

Formerly, some authorities have classified the green figbird in the genus Oriolus. It has sometimes included the two other figbirds as subspecies, in which case the combined species simply was known as "figbird", but today, all major authorities consider them as separate species.[2][3][4][5][6]


It resembles the more widespread Australasian figbird, but is smaller, and except for the paler crissum (around the cloaca), the male is entirely yellow-olive below (including the throat).[2]


  1. ^ a b BirdLife International (2017). "Sphecotheres viridis". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2017: e.T22706460A118630869. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2017-3.RLTS.T22706460A118630869.en. Retrieved 12 November 2021.
  2. ^ a b Higgins, P. J., L. Christidis, & H. A. Ford (2008). Family Oriolidae (Orioles). pp. 692-731 in: del Hoyo, J., A. Elliott, & D. A. Christie. eds. (2008). Handbook of the Birds of the World. Vol. 13. Pendulin-tits to Shrikes. Lynx Edicions. ISBN 978-84-96553-45-3
  3. ^ Dickinson, E. C. (editor) (2003). The Howard and Moore Complete Checklist of the Birds of the World. 3rd edition, w. updates. Christopher Helm. ISBN 071366536X
  4. ^ Andrew, P. (1992). The Birds of Indonesia: A Check-list. Kukila Check-list No. 1. Indonesian Ornithological Society, Jakarta.
  5. ^ Gill, F., M. Wright, & D. Donsker (2009). IOC World Bird Names. Version 2.1. Accessed 04-07-2009
  6. ^ Christidis, L., & W. E. Boles (2008). Systematics and Taxonomy of Australian Birds. CSIRO. ISBN 9780643065116

External linksEdit