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Modern Greek military ranks are based on Ancient Greek and Byzantine terminology, even though the ranks correspond to those of other Western armies. For example, ancient hoplite unit of approximately 100 men, the lochos, is today the name for a company of soldiers; its commander, as in ancient times, is a lochagos, while his lieutenants are called ypolochagoi — literally, "sub-captains" — a modern neologism. A sergeant is known as a lochias. A tagmatarchis (major) commands a tagma (battalion) and so forth. Thus, every officer or non-commissioned officer is in the land and air forces is generally named after the type of unit he commands, with the suffix -agos (from agein, "to lead") or -archos / -arches (from archein, "to rule").

Contents

Air ForceEdit

The Hellenic Air Force, is the youngest of the three services (founded in 1930). Its rank structure and insignia are based on the British Royal Air Force.

Officer ranksEdit

NATO code OF-10 OF-9 OF-8 OF-7 OF-6 OF-5 OF-4 OF-3 OF-2 OF-1 OF(D) Student officer
  Greece
(Edit)
No equivalent                     No equivalent
Air Chief Marshal Air Marshal Air Vice-Marshal Air Commodore Group Captain Wing Commander Squadron Leader Flight Lieutenant Flying Officer Pilot Officer
Πτέραρχος Αντιπτέραρχος Υποπτέραρχος Ταξίαρχος Σμήναρχος Αντισμήναρχος Επισμηναγός Σμηναγός Υποσμηναγός Ανθυποσμηναγός
Transliteration Pterarchos Antipterarchos Ypopterarchos Taxiarchos Sminarchos Antisminarchos Episminagos Sminagos Yposminagos Anthyposminagos

NCO and other ranksEdit

NATO Code OR-9 OR-8 OR-7 OR-6 OR-5 OR-4 OR-3 OR-2 OR-1
  Greece
(Edit)
              No equivalent   No equivalent
 
(ΣΜΥ)
(SMY)
(ΜΕΕ-ΕΠΟΠ-ΕΜΘ)
(MEE-EPOP-EMTh)
(ΣΜΥ)
(SMY)
(ΕΠΟΠ-ΕΜΘ)
(EPOP-EMTh)
(ΣΜΥ)
(SMY)
(ΕΠΟΠ-ΕΜΘ)
(EPOP-EMTh)
(ΕΠΟΠ)
(EPOP)
(ΕΠΟΠ)
(EPOP)
Warrant Officer
Ανθυπασπιστής[note 1]
Chief Master Sergeant
Αρχισμηνίας
Master Sergeant
Επισμηνίας
Staff Sergeant
Σμηνίας
Corporal
Υποσμηνίας
Aircraftman
Σμηνίτης
Transliteration Anthypaspistis Archisminias Episminias Sminias Yposminias Sminitis
  Greece
(Conscripts)
No equivalent
  No equivalent
No insignia
Conscript Sergeant
Κληρωτός Σμηνίας
Conscript Aircraftman
Σμηνίτης
Transliteration Klirotos Sminias Sminitis

ArmyEdit

Officer ranksEdit

NATO code OF-10 OF-9 OF-8 OF-7 OF-6 OF-5 OF-4 OF-3 OF-2 OF-1 OF(D) Student officer
  Greece
(Edit)
No equivalent                       No equivalent
General Lieutenant General Major General Brigadier General Colonel Lieutenant Colonel Major Captain First Lieutenant Second Lieutenant Officer Designate
Στρατηγός Αντιστράτηγος Υποστράτηγος Ταξίαρχος Συνταγματάρχης Αντισυνταγματάρχης Ταγματάρχης Λοχαγός Υπολοχαγός Ανθυπολοχαγός Δόκιμος Έφεδρος Αξιωματικός
Transliteration Stratigos Antistratigos Ypostratigos Taxiarchos Syntagmatarchis Antisyntagmatarchis Tagmatarchis Lochagos Ypolochagos Anthypolochagos Dokimos efedros aksio­matikos

NCO and other ranksEdit

NATO Code OR-9 OR-8 OR-7 OR-6 OR-5 OR-4 OR-3 OR-2 OR-1
  Greece
(Edit)
              No equivalent       No equivalent Arm/corps insignia only
Warrant Officer Master Sergeant Staff sergeant Sergeant Corporal Lance Corporal Private
Ανθυπασπιστής[note 2] Αρχιλοχίας Επιλοχίας Λοχίας Δεκανέας Υποδεκανέας Στρατιώτης
Transliteration Anthypaspistis Archilochias Epilochias Lochias Dekaneas Ypodekaneas Stratiotis
  Greece
(Conscripts)
  No equivalent
  No equivalent     No equivalent   No insignia
Officer Designate
Δόκιμος Έφεδρος Αξιωματικός
Sergeant
Λοχίας
Corporal
Δεκανέας
Lance Corporal
Υποδεκανέας
Candidate Reservist Rank
Υποψήφιος Έφεδρος Βαθμοφόρος
Private
Στρατιώτης
Transliteration Dokimos Efedros Axiomatikos[note 2] Lochias Dekaneas Ypodekaneas Ypopsifios Efedros Bathmoforos Stratiotis

NavyEdit

Officer ranksEdit

NATO code OF-10 OF-9 OF-8 OF-7 OF-6 OF-5 OF-4 OF-3 OF-2 OF-1 OF(D) Student officer
  Greece
(Edit)
No equivalent                                  No equivalent
Admiral Vice Admiral Rear Admiral Commodore Captain Commander Lieutenant Commander Lieutenant Sub Lieutenant Ensign Officer Designate
Ναύαρχος Αντιναύαρχος Υποναύαρχος Αρχιπλοίαρχος Πλοίαρχος Αντιπλοίαρχος Πλωτάρχης Υποπλοίαρχος Ανθυποπλοίαρχος Σημαιοφόρος Σημαιοφόρος Επίκουρος Αξιωματικός
Transliteration Navarchos Antinavarchos Yponavarchos Archiploiarchos Ploiarchos Antiploiarchos Plotarchis Ypoploiarchos Anthypoploiarchos Simaioforos Simaioforos Epikouros Axiomatikos

NCO and other ranksEdit

NATO Code OR-9 OR-8 OR-7 OR-6 OR-5 OR-4 OR-3 OR-2 OR-1
  Greece
(Edit)
                 No equivalent  
male
 
female
No equivalent
 
male
 
female
Warrant Officer Master Chief Petty Officer Senior Chief Petty Officer Chief Petty Officer Leading Seaman Seaman
Ανθυπασπιστής[note 3] Αρχικελευστής Επικελευστής Κελευστής Δίοπος Ναύτης
Transliteration Anthypaspistis Archikelefstis Epikelefstis Kelefstis Diopos Naftis
  Greece
(Conscripts)
   No equivalent
  No equivalent   No equivalent
 
Officer Designate
Σημαιοφόρος Επίκουρος Αξιωματικός
Conscript Petty Officer
Κελευστής
Conscript Leading Seaman
Δίοπος
Conscript Seaman
Ναύτης
Transliteration Simaioforos Epikouros Axiomatikos Kelefstis Diopos Naftis

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ The Greek Warrant Officer is included in OR-9, however he is afforded the privileges of an officer, see STANAG 2116 note 14.
  2. ^ a b Greece has only one level of Warrant Officer. According to the current issue (2010) of STANAG 2116, the Greek Warrant Officers are included in OR-9, however they are afforded the privileges of an officer. See STANAG 2116 note 30.
  3. ^ Greece has only one level of warrant officer. According to the current issue (2010) of STANAG 2116, the Greek warrant officers are included in OR-9; however, they are afforded the privileges of an officer. See STANAG 2116 note 16.

External linksEdit