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Greek government-in-exile

The Greek government-in-exile was the government in exile of Greece formed in the aftermath of the Battle of Greece, and the subsequent occupation of Greece by Nazi Germany and the Fascist Italy, also by the Kingdom of Bulgaria. The government-in-exile was based in Cairo, Egypt. Hence it is also commonly referred to as the "Cairo Government" (Greek: Κυβέρνηση του Καΐρου). It was the internationally recognised Greek government, during the years of the Axis occupation of Greece.

Greek government-in-exile

Κυβέρνησις τοῦ Καΐρου
1941–1944
Flag of Greece
State flag
Motto: «Ἐλευθερία ἢ Θάνατος»
"Freedom or Death"
StatusGovernment in exile
CapitalAthens
Capital in Exile:
Crete (1941)
Cairo (1941
London (1941-43)
Cairo (1943-44)
Common languagesGreek
Religion
Eastern Orthodox Church
GovernmentConstitutional monarchy
King 
• 1941–1944
George II
Prime Minister 
• 1941–1944
Emmanouil Tsouderos
• 1944–1944
Sofoklis Venizelos
• 1944–1945
Georgios Papandreou
Historical eraWorld War II
28 October 1940
20 May 1941
• Arrival at Cairo
24 May 1941
• Liberation of Greece
October 1944
ISO 3166 codeGR
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Kingdom of Greece
Kingdom of Greece
Members of the Greek government in exile, including George II, on a visit to Greek units of the RAF.

It was headed by King George II, which evacuated from Athens in April 1941, after the German invasion of the country, first to the island of Crete and then to Cairo in Egypt. It remained there until the German occupying forces withdrew from the country on 17 October 1944.

The exiled Greek government was closely controlled by the British. Until 1944 it was also recognized as the legal Greek government by all Greek Resistance forces. In the occupied Greece, alongside the Axis-controlled collaborationist governments, a vigorous Resistance movement developed. Its major force was the communist-controlled EAM/ELAS. During 1944, EAM/ELAS established a de facto separate administration, formalised in March 1944 after elections in both occupied and liberated territories, as the Political Committee of National Liberation (PEEA).

Contents

HistoryEdit

On 25 April 1941, with the onset of the Battle of Greece, King George II and his government left the Greek mainland for Crete, which was attacked by Nazi forces on 20 May 1941. The Germans employed parachute forces in a massive airborne invasion and attacked the three main airfields of the island. After seven days of fighting and tough resistance, Allied commanders decided that the cause was hopeless and ordered a withdrawal from Sfakia.

During the night of May 24, George II and his government were evacuated from Crete to Cairo. The government remained in Egypt until the withdrawal of German forces from Greece on October 17, 1944.[1] The Greek government returned from exile accompanied by a group of British forces in October.[2]

GovernmentEdit

MonarchEdit

Portrait Name
(Born-Died)
Reign
Start End
  King George II
(1890–1947)
3 November
1935
1 April
1947

Prime MinistersEdit

Portrait Name
(Born-Died)
Term of office Party Cabinet
Start End
1   Emmanouil Tsouderos
(1882–1956)
29 April
1941
13 April
1944
Independent Tsouderos
2   Sofoklis Venizelos
(1894–1964)
13 April
1944
26 April
1944
Liberal Party Venizelos
3   Georgios Papandreou
(1888–1968)
26 April
1944
18 October
1944
Democratic Socialist Party Papandreou

Armed forcesEdit

Greek army officers participated in S.O.E.Edit

Greek army officers participated in the mission of S.O.E. in Greece, under command of the Greek government.[1]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ http://www.enotes.com/topic/Greek_government_in_exile
  2. ^ "Greece - The Metaxas regime and World War II | history - geography". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 2017-06-27.

SourcesEdit