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Great Patriotic Pole

The Simón Bolívar Great Patriotic Pole (Spanish: Gran Polo Patriótico Simón Bolívar, GPPSB[1]) is a left-wing socialist electoral alliance/popular front of Venezuelan political parties created in 2012 to support the re-election of Hugo Chávez in the 2012 presidential election.[2]

Simón Bolívar Great Patriotic Pole

Gran Polo Patriótico Simón Bolívar
LeaderNicolás Maduro
FounderHugo Chávez
Founded7 October 2011; 8 years ago (2011-10-07)
IdeologyBolivarianism
Chavismo
Left-wing nationalism
Marxism–Leninism
Left-wing populism
Socialism of the 21st century
Socialism
Political positionLeft-wing to far-left
Colors                 Orange, blue, red, yellow
Seats in the National Assembly
50 / 167
Seats in the 2017 Constituent National Assembly
503 / 545
Governors of States
20 / 23
Mercosur
6 / 23
Mayors
306 / 337
Website
www.granpolopatriotico.org.ve Edit this at Wikidata

The organisation, which "formally unites 35,000 Venezuelan movements and collectives",[3] is led by Nicolás Maduro's United Socialist Party of Venezuela (Partido Socialista Unido de Venezuela, PSUV). Although the coalition shares a name with the "Sovereign Front" of the 1998 presidential election, the 1998 coalition was one of political parties, and did not include the wide range of social movements and community organisations involved in the GPP. For example, in Mérida state the GPP includes "[m]ovements such as the Tupamaros, the Educational Community Socialist Front, the Frebin (the Bolivarian Front of Researchers and Innovators), the student movement Community Integration, the comrades in the rural workers front- the Campesino Front Ezequiel Zamora, the popular educators network, the Women’s Bicentennial Front, and... Tatuy TV".[3]

A member of the regional promoter team of the GPP in Mérida state said in February 2012:

in order to form the GPP, there are a range of stages to go through. The first stage was the formation of the national promoter team, which was sworn in and approved by the president. It is made up of 153 comrades, spokespeople of different collectives at a national level. That stage ended with the national registration in October 2011. Next came the second stage of regrouping, which are the ongoing meetings of all the collectives registered in the GPP. After that, which is where we are at now, comes the stage of carrying out the popular assemblies of the GPP. These are where the planning, decision making, and debating of all those participating in the GPP takes place. Finally, there is a last stage, which consists of the national congress, or the national popular assembly, with President Chavez. That will be held on 13 April this year and it’s where the new proposals for the national organisation will be discussed and voted on.[3]

MembersEdit

The GPP is currently composed of the following political parties:

Party Spanish name Ideology National Assembly Government
United Socialist Party of Venezuela Partido Socialista Unido de Venezuela Chavismo
Bolivarianism
Socialism of the 21st century
52 / 167
government
Communist Party of Venezuela Partido Comunista de Venezuela Communism
6 / 167
government
Fatherland for All Patria para Todos
4 / 167
government
Revolutionary Movement Tupamaro Movimiento Revolucionario Tupamaro Revolutionary socialism
3 / 167
government
We Can Podemos Social Democracy
2 / 167
government
Republican Bicentennial Vanguard Vanguardia Bicentenaria Republicana Bolivarianism
2 / 167
government
Venezuelan Popular Unity Unidad Popular Venezolana Anti-imperialism
1 / 167
government
Alliance for Change Alianza para el Cambio Social democracy
1 / 167
government
People's Electoral Movement Movimiento Electoral del Pueblo Left-wing populism
0 / 167
not in government
Organized Socialist Party in Venezuela Partido Socialista Organizado en Venezuela Democratic socialism
0 / 167
not in government
Movement We Are Venezuela Movimiento Somos Venezuela Left-wing nationalism
0 / 167
not in government
Networks Party Partido Redes Chavismo
0 / 167
not in government
Authentic Renewal Organization Organización Renovadora –Auténtica Social conservatism
0 / 167
not in government
Venezuelan Revolutionary Currents [es] Corrientes Revolucionarias Venezolanas Communism
0 / 167
not in government

The following parties are not members however support the GPP politically:

Election resultsEdit

ParliamentaryEdit

National Assembly
Election year # of
overall votes
% of
overall vote
# of
overall seats won
+/– Leader
2015 5,625,248 (#2) 40.9
55 / 167
Diosdado Cabello

PresidentialEdit

Election year Name First Round Second Round
# of
overall votes
% of
overall vote
# of
overall votes
% of
overall vote
2012 Hugo Chávez 8,191,132 55.1 (#1)
Member of "United Socialist Party of Venezuela" party in coalition. Winner
2013 Nicolás Maduro 7,587,579 50.6 (#1)
Member of "United Socialist Party of Venezuela" party in coalition. Winner
2018 Nicolás Maduro 6,205,875 67.8% (#1)
Member of "United Socialist Party of Venezuela" party in coalition. Winner

RegionalEdit

Election year # of
overall votes
% of
overall vote
2012 4,853,494 (#1) 56.2
2017 5,814,903 (#1) 55.1

MunicipalEdit

Election year # of
overall votes
% of
overall vote
2013 5,216,522 (#1) 48.7
2017 6,517,506 (#1) 71.3
2018 ~5,519,890 (#1) 97.3

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

a Also includes some centre-left parties and one right-wing party, but is dominated by the left-wing other than on social policies such as abortion and LGBT rights.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Hugo Chavez revives Venezuela election coalition". BBC. October 8, 2011. Retrieved April 15, 2019.
  2. ^ "Venezuela opposition leaders taken from homes overnight". CBC Canada. Associated Press. August 1, 2017. Retrieved April 15, 2019.
  3. ^ a b c Venezuelanalysis.com, 28 February 2012, Interview: The Great Patriotic Pole (GPP) – How Thousands of Movements are Constructing their Revolutionary Organisation

External linksEdit