Great Patriotic Pole

The Simón Bolívar Great Patriotic Pole (Spanish: Gran Polo Patriótico Simón Bolívar, GPPSB[1]) is a left-wing socialist and chavist electoral alliance/popular front of Venezuelan political parties created in 2012 to support the re-election of Hugo Chávez in the 2012 presidential election.[2]

Simón Bolívar Great Patriotic Pole
Gran Polo Patriótico Simón Bolívar
LeaderNicolás Maduro
FounderHugo Chávez
Founded7 October 2011; 10 years ago (2011-10-07)
IdeologyBolivarianism
Chavismo
Marxism
Communism
Left-wing nationalism
Left-wing populism
Socialism of the 21st century
Anti-imperialism
Anti-capitalism
Political positionLeft-wing to far-left
Colors     Orange, blue, red, yellow
Seats in the National Assembly
253 / 277
Governors of States
19 / 23
Mercosur
18 / 23
Mayors
306 / 337
Website
www.granpolopatriotico.org.ve Edit this at Wikidata

The organisation, which formally unites 35,000 Venezuelan movements and collectives,[3] is led by Nicolás Maduro's United Socialist Party of Venezuela (Partido Socialista Unido de Venezuela, PSUV). Although the coalition shares a name with the "Sovereign Front" of the 1998 presidential election, the 1998 coalition was one of political parties, and did not include the wide range of social movements and community organisations involved in the GPP. For example, in Mérida state the GPP includes "[m]ovements such as the Tupamaros, the Educational Community Socialist Front, the Frebin (the Bolivarian Front of Researchers and Innovators), the student movement Community Integration, the comrades in the rural workers front- the Campesino Front Ezequiel Zamora, the popular educators network, the Women’s Bicentennial Front, and... Tatuy TV".[3]

A member of the regional promoter team of the GPP in Mérida state said in February 2012:

in order to form the GPP, there are a range of stages to go through. The first stage was the formation of the national promoter team, which was sworn in and approved by the president. It is made up of 153 comrades, spokespeople of different collectives at a national level. That stage ended with the national registration in October 2011. Next came the second stage of regrouping, which are the ongoing meetings of all the collectives registered in the GPP. After that, which is where we are at now, comes the stage of carrying out the popular assemblies of the GPP. These are where the planning, decision making, and debating of all those participating in the GPP takes place. Finally, there is a last stage, which consists of the national congress, or the national popular assembly, with President Chavez. That will be held on 13 April this year and it’s where the new proposals for the national organisation will be discussed and voted on.[3]

MembersEdit

The GPP is currently composed of the following political parties:

Party Spanish name Leader Ideology National Assembly Government
United Socialist Party of Venezuela Partido Socialista Unido de Venezuela Nicolás Maduro as President
Diosdado Cabello as Parliamentary Leader
Chavismo
Bolivarianism
Socialism of the 21st century
Communism
219 / 277
Majority
Fatherland for All (section) Patria Para Todos Democratic socialism
Libertarian Marxism
8 / 277
Tupamaro (section) Tendencias Unificadas Para Alcanzar el Movimiento de Acción Revolucionaria Organizada Communism
Marxism–Leninism
Guevarism
Foco theory
Revolutionary socialism
7 / 277
For Social Democracy Por la Democracia Social Didalco Bolívar Social democracy
4 / 277
Republican Bicentennial Vanguard Vanguardia Bicentenaria Republicana Bolivarianism
0 / 277
Venezuelan Popular Unity Unidad Popular Venezolana Anti-imperialism
2 / 277
Alliance for Change Alianza para el Cambio Carlos Vargas Social democracy
3 / 277
People's Electoral Movement Movimiento Electoral del Pueblo Left-wing populism
3 / 277
Organized Socialist Party in Venezuela Partido Socialista Organizado en Venezuela Fernando Lisboa Democratic socialism
0 / 277
Movement We Are Venezuela Movimiento Somos Venezuela Delcy Rodríguez Left-wing nationalism
5 / 277
Networks Party Partido Redes Juan Barreto Chavismo
0 / 277
Authentic Renewal Organization Organización Renovadora –Auténtica Christian democracy
2 / 277
Venezuelan Revolutionary Currents [es] Corrientes Revolucionarias Venezolanas Ramsés Colmenares (es) Communism
0 / 277
Not members, but politically support the GPP
Revolutionary Middle Class Clase Media Revolucionaria Reinaldo Quijada Chavismo
0 / 277
Not in government
Marxist–Leninist Communist Party of Venezuela Partido Comunista Marxista-Leninista de Venezuela Communism
Marxism–Leninism
Hoxhaism
Anti-Revisionism
0 / 277
Worker's Party Partido de los Trabajadores
0 / 277

Election resultsEdit

ParliamentaryEdit

National Assembly
Election year # of
overall votes
% of
overall vote
# of
overall seats won
+/– Leader
2015 5,625,248 (#2) 40.9
55 / 167
  55 Diosdado Cabello
2020 4,317,819 (#1) 69.3
253 / 277
  198 Diosdado Cabello

PresidentialEdit

Election year Name First Round Second Round
# of
overall votes
% of
overall vote
# of
overall votes
% of
overall vote
2012 Hugo Chávez 8,191,132 55.1 (#1)
Member of "United Socialist Party of Venezuela" party in coalition. Winner
2013 Nicolás Maduro 7,587,579 50.6 (#1)
Member of "United Socialist Party of Venezuela" party in coalition. Winner
2018
(disputed)
Nicolás Maduro 6,205,875 67.8 (#1)
Member of "United Socialist Party of Venezuela" party in coalition. Winner

RegionalEdit

Election year # of
overall votes
% of
overall vote
2012 4,853,494 (#1) 56.2
2017 5,814,903 (#1) 55.1

MunicipalEdit

Election year # of
overall votes
% of
overall vote
2013 5,216,522 (#1) 48.7
2017 6,517,506 (#1) 71.3
2018 ~5,519,890 (#1) 97.3

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

a Also includes some centre-left parties and one right-wing party, but is dominated by the left-wing other than on social policies such as abortion and LGBT rights.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Hugo Chavez revives Venezuela election coalition". BBC. October 8, 2011. Retrieved April 15, 2019.
  2. ^ "Venezuela opposition leaders taken from homes overnight". CBC Canada. Associated Press. August 1, 2017. Retrieved April 15, 2019.
  3. ^ a b c Venezuelanalysis.com, 28 February 2012, Interview: The Great Patriotic Pole (GPP) – How Thousands of Movements are Constructing their Revolutionary Organisation

External linksEdit