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Great Patriotic Pole

The Great Patriotic Pole (Spanish: Gran Polo Patriótico, GPP) is a left-wing socialist electoral alliance of Venezuelan political parties created in 2011 to support the re-election of Hugo Chávez in the 2012 presidential election.[1] The organisation, which "formally unites 35,000 Venezuelan movements and collectives",[1] is led by Nicolás Maduro's United Socialist Party of Venezuela (Partido Socialista Unido de Venezuela, PSUV). Although the coalition shares a name with the "Patriotic Pole" of the 1998 presidential election, the 1998 coalition was one of political parties, and did not include the wide range of social movements and community organisations involved in the GPP. For example, in Mérida state the GPP includes "[m]ovements such as the Tupamaros, the Educational Community Socialist Front, the Frebin (the Bolivarian Front of Researchers and Innovators), the student movement Community Integration, the comrades in the rural workers front- the Campesino Front Ezequiel Zamora, the popular educators network, the Women’s Bicentennial Front, and... Tatuy TV".[1]

Simón Bolívar Great Patriotic Pole

Gran Polo Patriótico Simón Bolívar
LeaderNicolás Maduro
Founded7 October 2011; 7 years ago (2011-10-07)
Left-wing nationalism
Socialism of the 21st century
Social democracy
Political positionLeft-wing[a] to far-left
Colors                 Orange, blue, red, yellow
Seats in the National Assembly
50 / 167
Seats in the 2017 Constituent National Assembly
503 / 545
Governors of States
20 / 23
6 / 23
306 / 337

A member of the regional promoter team of the GPP in Mérida state said in February 2012:

in order to form the GPP, there are a range of stages to go through. The first stage was the formation of the national promoter team, which was sworn in and approved by the president. It is made up of 153 comrades, spokespeople of different collectives at a national level. That stage ended with the national registration in October 2011. Next came the second stage of regrouping, which are the ongoing meetings of all the collectives registered in the GPP. After that, which is where we are at now, comes the stage of carrying out the popular assemblies of the GPP. These are where the planning, decision making, and debating of all those participating in the GPP takes place. Finally, there is a last stage, which consists of the national congress, or the national popular assembly, with President Chavez. That will be held on 13 April this year and it’s where the new proposals for the national organisation will be discussed and voted on.[1]



Supporting partiesEdit

Party name Acronym Founded Ideology Website
Revolutionary Middle Class CMR 2006 Chavismo [1]
Marxist–Leninist Communist Party of Venezuela PCMLV 2009 Marxism–Leninism [2]
Worker's Party PL Democratic socialism

Election resultsEdit


National Assembly
Election year # of
overall votes
% of
overall vote
# of
overall seats won
+/– Leader
2015 5,625,248 (#2) 40.9
55 / 167
Diosdado Cabello


Election year Name First Round Second Round
# of
overall votes
% of
overall vote
# of
overall votes
% of
overall vote
2012 Hugo Chávez 8,191,132 55.1 (#1)
Member of "United Socialist Party of Venezuela" party in coalition. Winner
2013 Nicolás Maduro 7,587,579 50.6 (#1)
Member of "United Socialist Party of Venezuela" party in coalition. Winner
2018 Nicolás Maduro 6,205,875 67.8% (#1)
Member of "United Socialist Party of Venezuela" party in coalition. Winner


Election year # of
overall votes
% of
overall vote
2012 4,853,494 (#1) 56.2
2017 5,814,903 (#1) 55.1


Election year # of
overall votes
% of
overall vote
2013 5,216,522 (#1) 48.7
2017 6,517,506 (#1) 71.3
2018 ~5,519,890 (#1) 97.3

See alsoEdit


a Also includes some centre-left parties and one right-wing party, but is dominated by the left-wing other than on social policies such as abortion and LGBT rights.


External linksEdit