Great Milton is a village and civil parish in Oxfordshire, about 7 miles (11 km) east of Oxford. The 2011 Census recorded the parish's population as 1,042.
St Mary the Virgin parish church
|Area||7.90 km2 (3.05 sq mi)|
|Population||1,042 (2011 Census)|
|• Density||132/km2 (340/sq mi)|
|OS grid reference||SP6302|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|Website||Great Milton, Oxfordshire|
Great Milton church of England primary school is a prominent part of the village community with the only village tennis courts.
The Domesday Book of 1086 records that Remigius de Fécamp, Bishop of Lincoln held a large estate of 31 hides of land at Great Milton. The estate had presumably belonged to the Diocese of Dorchester, of which Remigius had been consecrated bishop in 1070. The see of Dorchester had been absorbed into that of Lincoln in 1072, and Remigius had been translated to Lincoln as bishop of the newly united diocese.
The Domesday Book lists two water mills in the parish. By the time of the Hundred Rolls in 1279 there was a third watermill and in about 1500 there was a fourth mill. There is no known subsequent record of the third and fourth mills, but both of the others seem to have survived until the 17th century and in at least one case the 18th century. By the end of 19th century both mills were disused.
Great Milton had a post mill with four sails. In about 1901 Henry Taunt photographed it, by which time it had lost one pair of sails and appeared derelict.
In 1762 a fire destroyed 16 houses in the village.
By 1822 the parish had at least four public houses: the Bell, the Bull, the King's Head and the Red Lion. The Bell, King's Head and Red Lion had all ceased trading by the 1990s. Greene King Brewery controlled The Bull until 2013, when 110 villagers including chef Raymond Blanc bought it and turned it into a community pub.
The nave and chancel of the Church of England parish church of Saint Mary were built shortly after the Norman Conquest of England. The building was damaged by fire in the 13th century. During the 14th century the chancel was enlarged and the north and south aisles were added. At this time the church served a parish including the villages of Chilworth Valery and Chilworth Muzzard, the hamlets of Combe and Little Milton, and the manor of Ascot. In 1850 St Mary's was restored at a cost of £2,000.
In 1552 St Mary's had four bells plus a Sanctus bell, and in 1631 Ellis I Knight of Reading, Berkshire cast a ring of five bells. It now has a ring of eight. Ellis II & Henry III Knight recast what are now the fifth and eighth bells in 1673. Thomas Rudhall of Gloucester cast the treble, second and third bells in 1771 and the tenor bell in 1772. In 1848 William Taylor of Loughborough, who at that time also had a foundry at Oxford, cast the sixth bell. In 1825 W & J Taylor of Loughborough also cast the present Sanctus bell.
St Mary's has a church clock that was made in 1699 by Nicholas Harris of Fritwell.
Great Milton Methodist church was built in 1842 as a Wesleyan chapel. It is a member of the Oxford Methodist Circuit.
Notable historic housesEdit
The oldest part of Great Milton Manor House is 15th-century. The south wing was rebuilt around 1600, and the north wing later in the 17th century. In 1908 the house was doubled in size to designs by the architect EP Warren. In 1984 Raymond Blanc had the house converted into Le Manoir aux Quat'Saisons hotel and restaurant. It is a Grade II* listed building.
The Priory is a 16th- and 17th-century Tudor and Jacobean house in Church Road, said to have been built for Herbert Westfaling and later to have been the home of John Thurloe. It is a Grade II* listed building.
Pettits House is an early 17th-century Jacobean house in the High Street. In 1854 a school room and a bell gable were added to the north side to accommodate a National School for the parish. In the 20th century the parish school moved to new premises and the school room was converted into a house. It is a Grade II* listed building.
The Great House was built around 1720. It has a seven-bay front facing the parish church. In 1788 the politician Richard Ryder had a south wing added, almost certainly designed by James Wyatt. It is a Grade II* listed building.
The village has a Church of England Primary School, a public house, The Bull, and a post office and general store. The Manor House is now Raymond Blanc's restaurant and hotel, Le Manoir aux Quat'Saisons.
Great Milton has two bus services. Oxford Bus Company route 46 links the village with central Oxford via Wheatley, Horspath and Cowley. Buses run hourly, seven days a week, from early morning until after midnight. Red Rose Travel route 275 serves the village six days a week, once each morning on the way to Oxford and once each afternoon on the way back to High Wycombe. It does not serve Great Milton on Sundays or Bank Holidays.
The village was the original base of Great Milton Hockey Club, a mixed-sex field hockey team that plays annually in the Oxfordshire Gladiators' Cup.
- Raymond Blanc, chef
- Sinclair Hood, archaeologist (1917-2021)
- Michael de Larrabeiti, author (1934–2008)
- Peter Lawrence (1913–2005)
- Sir Tim Rice, lyricist and author 
- Richard Ryder (1766–1832)
- William Speechly horticulturalist and early cultivator of pineapples and grapes in the UK.
- John Thurloe (1616–68), Secretary of State under Oliver Cromwell
- Sir Martin Wood, engineer
- Dr Peter Zinovieff, engineer
- ^ "Great Milton Parish". nomis. Durham University for the Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 26 September 2020.
- ^ a b c d e f g h i Lobel 1962, pp. 117–146
- ^ Graham 1973, Windmill, Great Milton, 1901.
- ^ Emery 1974, p. 167.
- ^ Hughes, Pete (20 March 2018). "Feature: Raymond Blanc's little-known second eatery in Great Milton, The Bull". Oxford Mail. Newsquest. Retrieved 20 March 2018.
- ^ "ABOUT US". greatmiltonpub. Retrieved 28 February 2021.
- ^ a b c d "Great Milton S Mary V". Dove's Guide for Church Bell Ringers. Central Council of Church Bell Ringers. Retrieved 6 April 2011.
- ^ Beeson 1989, p. 47.
- ^ "Welcome!". Great Milton Methodist Church. Retrieved 26 September 2020.
- ^ "Great Milton". Churches. Oxford Methodist Circuit. Retrieved 26 September 2020.
- ^ Sherwood & Pevsner 1974, p. 622.
- ^ Historic England. "The Manor House and garden walls to rear (Grade II*) (1369260)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 26 September 2020.
- ^ a b Sherwood & Pevsner 1974, p. 623.
- ^ Historic England. "The Priory and attached steps, walls and gateway (Grade II*) (1181043)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 26 September 2020.
- ^ Historic England. "Schoolhouse and attached infants school (Grade II*) (1047492)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 26 September 2020.
- ^ Historic England. "The Great House (Grade II*) (1369263)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 26 September 2020.
- ^ The Bull
- ^ "City46" (PDF). Oxford Bus Company. 20 June 2022. Retrieved 21 June 2022.
- ^ "High Wycombe – Bledlow Ridge – Chinnor/Stokenchurch – Oxford 275". Red Rose Travel. 5 September 2020. Retrieved 26 September 2020.
- ^ Oxfordshire Gladiators' Cup
- ^ ""Home of the Heroes". An Interview with Sinclair Hood (Part 2)".
- ^ "Michael de Larrabeiti Creator of the skinny, satanic-looking Borribles". The Guardian. 30 July 2008. Retrieved 6 November 2018.
- ^ "The Best Places to Live for Commuters:Oxfordshire". Country Life. Farnborough, Hampshire. 7 March 2016. Retrieved 2 January 2021.
- ^ "Dictionary of National Biography, 1885-1900/Speechly, William". Retrieved 5 September 2021.
- ^ Little, Reg (3 January 2014). "Labour of love restoration of Great Haseley windmill could be completed later this year". Oxford Mail. Newsquest. Retrieved 8 January 2014.
- ^ Hinton, Graham. "EMS: The Inside Story". Archived from the original on 21 May 2013.
- Beeson, CFC (1989) . Simcock, AV (ed.). Clockmaking in Oxfordshire 1400–1850 (3rd ed.). Oxford: Museum of the History of Science. pp. 46–47. ISBN 0-903364-06-9.
- Emery, Frank (1974). Hoskins, WG (ed.). The Oxfordshire Landscape. The Making of the English Landscape. London: Hodder & Stoughton. pp. 117, 167, 218. ISBN 0-340-04301-6.
- Graham, Malcolm (1973). Henry Taunt of Oxford: A Victorian Photographer. Headington: Oxford Illustrated Press. ISBN 0-902280-14-7.
- Lobel, Mary D, ed. (1962). "Great Milton". A History of the County of Oxford. Victoria County History. Vol. VII: Thame and Dorchester Hundreds. London: Oxford University Press for the Institute of Historical Research. pp. 117–146.
- Sherwood, Jennifer; Pevsner, Nikolaus (1974). Oxfordshire. The Buildings of England. Harmondsworth: Penguin Books. pp. 620–623. ISBN 0-14-071045-0.