Grbalj (Serbian Cyrillic: Грбаљ), denotes a historic, rural region, as well as a tribe of the Montenegrin littoral, and a parish located between town of Budva and the Luštica peninsula, Bay of Kotor in coastal Montenegro. Most of the region now lies within Kotor Municipality. It is a fertile region[1] defined by the Lovćen Mountain to the east, and terminating at the low western hills overlooking the Adriatic sea to its west.

Panoramic view of the Grbalj region in 2009.

EtymologyEdit

Grbalj was derived from Gripuli or Grupuli, a derivation of Acruvium, the ancient Roman city located in this vicinity (considered most likely at present-day Kotor, Montenegro).

GeographyEdit

The east side of the field, collectively referred to as Upper Grbalj, encompasses ten settlements. Lower Grbalj consists of all settlements at the western edge of the field. Bigova, located within a cove of the same name, is the only settlement situated on the coast. Upper and Lower Grbalj are divided by two creeks. To the south, Kovački Potok ("creek") drains along the alluvial plain of Mrčevo Field into Jaz Bay at the west end of Jaz Beach.

Grbalj's named settlements include Bigova, Bratešići, Višnjeva, Vranovići, Glavati, Glavatičići, Gorovići, Dub, Zagora, Kovači, Krimovica, Kubasi, Lješevići, Nalježići, Pelinovo, Pobrđe, Prijeradi, Sutvara, Trešnjica, Ukropci, Šišići and Mačić.

The Adriatic Highway goes through Grbalj. After its construction, and the subsequent 1979 earthquake, several new settlements were established along its route.

EconomyEdit

The region is an important agricultural area. The southern part of the field consists of orchards, vineyards and vegetable gardens. This part of the field ends with the Jaz beach. The industrial area of Kotor lies at the northern part of the Grbalj field.

HistoryEdit

Middle AgesEdit

 
Medieval region, within Bay of Kotor.

Grbalj had been a župa (county) of the medieval Serbian state of Duklja, and subsequently part of the Grand Principality of Serbia (1091–1217), the medieval Kingdom of Serbia (1217–1346), and the Serbian Empire (1346–1371) until its fall. It was also the personal estate of Stefan Vukanović Nemanjić (fl. 1252). Most of Grbalj became part of the Principality of Zeta (1371-1378). Grbalj was part of the Serbian Despotate from 1421-1439. The regional, 1427 Code of Grbalj was issued at the župa's Podlastva Monastery. During a transitional period of government, a peasant rebellion erupted in Grbalj (Zeta coast) against Kotor regarding the effects of control by Venice (1451-1452). As part of his efforts to align himself with Venice, Stefanica Crnojević suppressed the rebellion, devastating the region.[2]

In 1497 Firuz Beg captured Grbalj and put Zeta under his effective military control, although it was still part of the Principality of Zeta governed by Stefan II Crnojević.[3] Grbalj eventually became part of what was known as Venetian Albania.

Ottoman periodEdit

The Ottoman Empire census of 1582–83 registered the "vilayet of the Black Mountain" (vilayet-i Kara Dağ, the Montenegro Vilayet), part of the Sanjak of Scutari, as having the following nahiyah, with number of villages: Grbavci with 13 villages, Župa with 11, Malonšići with 7, Pješivci with 14, Cetinje with 16, Rijeka Crnojevića with 31, Crmnica with 11, Paštrovići with 36 and Grbalj with 9 villages; a total of 148 villages.[4]

Contemporary historyEdit

In 1869, Ivo and Jovan Rafailović led a Grbalj uprising against Austria.[5]

Grbalj had been an opština, ("municipality") in post-WWI Yugoslavia.

In 1970, football club OFK Grbalj was founded in Radanovići, Kotor.

CultureEdit

 
Traditional clothing from the Grbalj region, an 1804 illustration.

The Serbian Orthodox Podlastva Monastery lies in Grbalj. People from Grbalj are known by the demonym Grbljani and are often perceived as a clan.

Overall, in Montenegro, the Nemanjić cult was more widespread than that of Prince Lazar's, though in Grbalj, the latter cult became particularly popular, with the locals claiming Lazar as a native.[6]

Notable peopleEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Nebojša Tomašević (1982). Treasures of Yugoslavia: An Encyclopedic Touring Guide. Yugoslaviapublic.
  2. ^ Elezović, Dalibor Milorad (2016). "Politic of Venice in the Southern Adriatic (XIV-XVI Century)". Modern Scientific Researches and Innovations. 2016 (1). Retrieved 11 August 2018.
  3. ^ Pavle S. Radusinović 1978, p. 44.
  4. ^ Vasić, Milan (1991), "Etnički odnosi u jugoslovensko-albanskom graničnom području prema popisnom defteru sandžaka Skadar iz 1582/83. godine", Stanovništvo slovenskog porijekla u Albaniji : zbornik radova sa međunarodnog naučnog skupa održanog u Cetinju 21, 22. i 23. juna 1990 (in Serbo-Croatian), OCLC 29549273
  5. ^ Stošić, Ljiljana (2014). "The Bay of Cattaro (Kotor) School of Icon-Painting 1680–1860" (PDF). Balcanica. 45 (45): 198. doi:10.2298/BALC1445187S. Retrieved 11 August 2018.
  6. ^ Milosav Babović (1990). Kosovski boj u istoriji, tradiciji i stvaralaštvu Crne Gore: zbornik radova : radovi sa naučnog skupa održanog u Titogradu 25. oktobr 1989. godine u organizaciji Crnogorske akademije nauka i umjetnosti, Istorijskog instituta SR Crne Gore i Filozofskog fakulteta u Nikšiću. Crnogorska akademija nauka i umjetnosti. p. 252. ISBN 978-86-419-0120-7.

External linksEdit

  •   Media related to Grbalj at Wikimedia Commons

Coordinates: 42°19′N 18°47′E / 42.317°N 18.783°E / 42.317; 18.783