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Gravelbourg is a small multicultural town in south central Saskatchewan, Canada. It is located just west of the Wood River at the junction of provincial Highway 43 and Highway 58, approximately 125 kilometres from Moose Jaw, Swift Current, and the United States border. The region served as a path for First Nations peoples many years ago, and was also integrated into the Redcoat Trail of the 19th century. Gravelbourg is now a key link on the 21st century Trans Canada Trail.

Gravelbourg
Town
Flag of Gravelbourg
Flag
Gravelbourg is located in Saskatchewan
Gravelbourg
Gravelbourg
Location of Gravelbourg in Saskatchewan
Gravelbourg is located in Canada
Gravelbourg
Gravelbourg
Gravelbourg (Canada)
Coordinates: 49°52′26″N 106°33′18″W / 49.874°N 106.555°W / 49.874; -106.555
CountryCanada
ProvinceSaskatchewan
Census division3
Rural MunicipalityGravelbourg
Post office Founded1907
Incorporated (Town)1916[1]
Government
 • MayorEdward Lagasse[2]
 • Town ManagerGord Murray
 • Governing bodyGravelbourg Town Council
 • MLA Wood RiverDavid Marit
 • MP Cypress Hills-GrasslandsDavid Anderson
Area
 • Total3.23 km2 (1.25 sq mi)
Population
 (2011[3])
 • Total1,116
 • Density346.0/km2 (896/sq mi)
Time zoneCST
Postal code
S0H 1X0
Area code(s)306
HighwaysRedcoat Trail
WebsiteTown of Gravelbourg website
[4][5][6]

Gravelbourg is also referenced in the fourth verse of the North American version of "I've Been Everywhere", written by Geoff Mack and made popular in North America by Hank Snow and more recently Johnny Cash.

Contents

HistoryEdit

 
Gaiety Theatre
 
C.N.R. Station
 
Post Office

Gravelbourg was settled in the early 1900s and was one of the French block settlements of the Gravelbourg-Lafleche-Meyronne area in southwestern Saskatchewan,[7] In 1930 it became the cathedral city of the Roman Catholic diocese of Gravelbourg.[8][9]

Gravelbourg carries the name of its founder Abbé Louis-Pierre Gravel.[10] Louis-Pierre Gravel was designated a Person of National Historic Significance in 1956.[11] The inscription on the monument in Gravelbourg built in 1958 to honour him reads:

"Between 1906 and 1926 more than ten thousand Canadian citizens, many of whom were then living in the United States, answered the call of Reverend Louis-Pierre Gravel to make their homes on the broad plains of Saskatchewan where they built towns and established French-speaking cultural institutions." Parks Canada[11]

Gravelbourg celebrated its centennial in 2006.

Gravelbourg celebrates its many cultures at its annual Summer Solstice Festival d'été.

Historic buildingsEdit

A number of heritage buildings are located within the community.

Our Lady of the Assumption Roman Catholic Cathedral, the former Convent of Jesus and Mary and the former Bishop's Residence were designated the Gravelbourg Ecclesiastical Buildings National Historic Site of Canada in 1995.[12]

Gravelbourg Court House,[13] College Mathieu Pavilion,[14] Gravelbourg Post Office,[15] Gaiety Theatre and[16] Canadian National Railway Station[17] are also listed heritage sites.

DemographyEdit

Gravelbourg is located in the federal electoral district of Cypress Hills-Grasslands and in the provincial constituency of Wood River.

Canada census – Gravelbourg community profile
2011 2006
Population: 1,116 (2.5% from 2006) 1,089 (-8.3% from 2001)
Land area: 3.23 km2 (1.25 sq mi) 3.23 km2 (1.25 sq mi)
Population density: 346.0/km2 (896/sq mi) 337.6/km2 (874/sq mi)
Median age: 49.4 (M: 47.9, F: 50.8) 48.2 (M: 46.4, F: 49.3)
Total private dwellings: 516 528
Median household income: $Not Available $Not Available
References: 2011[18] 2006[19] earlier[20]

LanguagesEdit

In the 2011 Canada Census, out a total of 1,116 residents 625 chose English while 300 chose French as their mother tongue. Thirty nine percent or 430 residents spoke both English and French.[3] Gravelbourg's French-language Fransaskois community is the subject of a short documentary Les Fransaskois, produced for the documentary series The Grasslands Project.[21]

Other languages spoken in Gravelbourg were: Bisayan languages (5), Chinese (10), Dutch (5), German (15), Korean (5), Lao (5), Spanish (5), Swahili (5) and Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) (50).[3]

ClimateEdit

Climate data for Gravelbourg
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 12.8
(55.0)
18.0
(64.4)
24.0
(75.2)
35.0
(95.0)
37.0
(98.6)
41.5
(106.7)
42.8
(109.0)
41.7
(107.1)
39.4
(102.9)
33.5
(92.3)
22.8
(73.0)
20.6
(69.1)
42.8
(109.0)
Average high °C (°F) −7.4
(18.7)
−4.0
(24.8)
3.3
(37.9)
12.5
(54.5)
19.4
(66.9)
24.0
(75.2)
26.7
(80.1)
26.1
(79.0)
19.0
(66.2)
12.5
(54.5)
1.3
(34.3)
−5.8
(21.6)
10.6
(51.1)
Daily mean °C (°F) −12.5
(9.5)
−9.3
(15.3)
−2.3
(27.9)
5.5
(41.9)
12.1
(53.8)
16.8
(62.2)
19.0
(66.2)
18.3
(64.9)
11.8
(53.2)
5.9
(42.6)
−3.8
(25.2)
−10.8
(12.6)
4.2
(39.6)
Average low °C (°F) −17.5
(0.5)
−14.4
(6.1)
−7.9
(17.8)
−1.5
(29.3)
4.8
(40.6)
9.5
(49.1)
11.4
(52.5)
10.3
(50.5)
4.6
(40.3)
−0.9
(30.4)
−8.8
(16.2)
−15.8
(3.6)
−2.2
(28.0)
Record low °C (°F) −44.4
(−47.9)
−48.9
(−56.0)
−38.3
(−36.9)
−28.3
(−18.9)
−15.0
(5.0)
−8.9
(16.0)
−1.1
(30.0)
−3.9
(25.0)
−12.8
(9.0)
−26.0
(−14.8)
−32.8
(−27.0)
−41.5
(−42.7)
−48.9
(−56.0)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 22.8
(0.90)
19.0
(0.75)
20.3
(0.80)
21.2
(0.83)
48.9
(1.93)
58.5
(2.30)
60.4
(2.38)
37.4
(1.47)
34.2
(1.35)
16.4
(0.65)
18.2
(0.72)
24.8
(0.98)
381.9
(15.04)
Source: Environment Canada[22]

EducationEdit

École Gravelbourg School (Grades K to 12) is located on 1st ave in Gravelbourg. The principal is Jody Lehmann.[23] The Convent of Jesus & Mary ( Past: Gravelbourg Elementary School, is now home to the GCMC (Gravelbourg Community Music Centre).

The town has for the past four decades been noteworthy for College Mathieu, a francophone boarding school for boys and girls who wish to acquire or retain fluency in French. The school has attracted students from throughout the southern part of the province as well as other areas of Canada and overseas. It offers classes from Grade 8 to 12.[24]

École Beau-Soleil offers K to Grade 7 in French.[25]

ChurchesEdit

Former Catholic bishopricEdit

 
Cathedral of Our Lady of the Assumption
 
Interior of the Cathedral

The town was from 1930 to 1998 the cathedral city of the Roman Catholic diocese of Gravelbourg headed by a Francophone bishop. In 1998, Pope John Paul II suppressed the residential diocese, so that it is now a titular see.[26] The Cathedral of Our Lady of the Assumption was at that time designated a "co-cathedral" of the Archdiocese of Regina.[9]

ProtestantsEdit

The United Church of Canada in Gravelbourg had as its minister, Lorne Calvert, the 13th Premier of Saskatchewan.[27]

There are also the Gravelbourg Lutheran Church and the Church of Christ.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Gravelbourg (The Canadian Encyclopedia)". Retrieved 4 February 2013.
  2. ^ "Municipal Directory System". Retrieved 4 February 2013.
  3. ^ a b c "2011 Community Profiles". Statistics Canada. Government of Canada. Retrieved 23 March 2014.
  4. ^ National Archives, Archivia Net. "Post Offices and Postmasters". Retrieved 2 October 2013.
  5. ^ Government of Saskatchewan, MRD Home. "Municipal Directory System (Town of Gravebourg)". Archived from the original on 15 January 2016. Retrieved 2 October 2013.
  6. ^ "Directory of Communities by Saskatchewan Electoral District" (PDF). Retrieved 3 October 2013.
  7. ^ "Francophone land settlement in southwestern Saskatchewan by Beckey Hamilton" (PDF). Retrieved 23 March 2014.
  8. ^ "Archdiocese of Regina : a history (Gravelbourg)". Archived from the original on 24 September 2015. Retrieved 3 April 2014.
  9. ^ a b "Diocese of Gravelbourg". Retrieved 22 December 2012.
  10. ^ "Canadian Biography (Louis-Pierre Gravel)". Retrieved 23 March 2014.
  11. ^ a b "Parks Canada (Gravel, Louis-Pierre National Historic Person)". Retrieved 15 May 2014.
  12. ^ "Gravelbourg Ecclesiastical Buildings". Retrieved 4 April 2013.
  13. ^ "Gravelbourg Court House". Retrieved 4 April 2013.
  14. ^ "College Mathieu Pavillion". Retrieved 4 April 2013.
  15. ^ "Gravelbourg Post Office". Retrieved 4 April 2013.
  16. ^ "Gaiety Theatre". Retrieved 4 April 2013.
  17. ^ "Canadian National Railway Station". Retrieved 4 April 2013.
  18. ^ "2011 Community Profiles". 2011 Canadian Census. Statistics Canada. 5 July 2013. Retrieved 24 August 2012.
  19. ^ "2006 Community Profiles". 2006 Canadian Census. Statistics Canada. 30 March 2011. Retrieved 24 February 2009.
  20. ^ "2001 Community Profiles". 2001 Canadian Census. Statistics Canada. 17 February 2012.
  21. ^ Vézina, Michel (25 May 2016). "Projection du "Projet Grasslands" à Gravelbourg". L'Eau vive (in French). Retrieved 30 September 2016.
  22. ^ Environment Canada Canadian Climate Normals 1971–2000, accessed 27 July 2010
  23. ^ "École Gravelbourg School". Retrieved 4 February 2013.
  24. ^ "COLLÈGE MATHIEU DE GRAVELBOURG (Encyclopedia of Saskatchewan)". Retrieved 4 February 2013.
  25. ^ "Town of Gravelbourg (Schools and Education)". Retrieved 4 February 2013.
  26. ^ Annuario Pontificio 2013 (Libreria Editrice Vaticana 2013 ISBN 978-88-209-9070-1), p. 906
  27. ^ "The Canadian Encyclopedia (Lorne Calvert)". Retrieved 4 February 2013.

External linksEdit