Grand Prix of Miami (open wheel racing)

The Grand Prix of Miami refers to an intermittent series of American open wheel races held in South Florida dating back to 1926. AAA held one board track race in 1926, and then the facility was destroyed by a hurricane. The popular CART IndyCar World Series debuted in the Miami area in the mid-1980s with a street circuit at Tamiami Park, then returned to race at Bicentennial Park in 1995.

From 1996 to 2010, Homestead-Miami Speedway hosted the Indy cars on the 1.5-mile oval. The CART series participated from 1996 to 2000, then the event was switched to the Indy Racing League for 2001–2010. An additional Champ Car race was held for a brief time at Bayfront Park from 2002 to 2003.

In 2018, a proposal to revive the Grand Prix of Miami as a round of the Formula One World Championship was submitted to the City of Miami, with 2019 proposed as the first date for the race.[1] After denial from the county council for a 2019 or 2020 race, a proposal was submitted for a 2021 race.[2] However, the track moved location from the downtown area to the area near Hard Rock Stadium and its nearby parking lots.

Fulford–Miami SpeedwayEdit

Fulford–Miami Speedway
LocationNorth Miami Beach, Florida, United States
Broke ground1925
ArchitectCarl Fisher
Ray Harroun
Major eventsCarl G. Fisher Trophy
Length2.01 km (1.25 mi)

In 1925, Carl Fisher (who built the Indianapolis Motor Speedway in 1909) was developing Miami Beach and envisioned the Miami area as the winter auto racing capital of the world. Fisher built Fulford–Miami Speedway, the world's fastest 1-1/4-mile board track in nearby Fulford. The outstanding features of the track were the 50 degree banked turns, which required a speed of at least 110 miles per hour (180 km/h) to keep the cars from sliding down into the infield.

On February 22, 1926, the first AAA Championship Car race in South Florida took place at the facility. A crowd of 20,000 spectators saw Peter DePaolo win the 300-mile (480-km) race, the first and only major race ever held at the facility.[3]

Later in the year, the track was destroyed by the Great Miami Hurricane of 1926. The site of the oval is now occupied by the Diplomat Presidential Country Club.[citation needed]

Race winnersEdit

Date Race Name Length Type Pole Position Winning Driver
February 22 Carl G. Fisher Trophy 300 mi (480 km) Board   Ralph Hepburn   Peter DePaolo

Tamiami ParkEdit

Tamiami Park
LocationUniversity Park, Florida, United States
Length1.784 mi (2.870 km)
Race lap record0:55.062 (Danny Sullivan, Penske PC17-Chevrolet, 1987, IndyCar[4])

Modern American open wheel racing in the Miami area dates back to 1985. In that year, the CART series began racing on a temporary street circuit in Tamiami Park a small outdoor sports facility in the nearby suburb of University Park. The race lasted through 1988, and on two occasions (1987 and 1988) included the CART Marlboro Challenge all star race.

In each of the four years it was held, it served as the CART season finale. The inaugural event in 1985 featured a famous championship battle between the father-and-son duo of Al Unser, Sr. and Al Unser, Jr. With Danny Sullivan leading in the waning laps, Unser, Jr. was running third, and for the moment, mathematically was going to clinch the championship points title. His father Al Sr. was charging in 5th place, and needed to move up to 4th in order to clinch the title for himself and Penske Racing. Despite personal misgivings about potentially robbing his own son of a championship, Al Sr. passed 4th place Roberto Moreno with only a handful of laps remaining, and held on to the checkered flag. By finishing 4th, Unser, Sr. beat his son in the championship standings by one point.

Rain plagued the race three out of four years, and after the 1988 running, CART officials announced they were not returning.[5] The primary reason was that CART wanted to change the date of the race to either September or to the spring. But promoter Ralph Sanchez did not want to move the race to September due to hurricane season, and did not want to move the race to the spring because it would create a conflict with the IMSA race he also promoted.

A significant portion of the course layout was razed for the construction of FIU Stadium in 1994. Some subtle remains of the circuit were recognizable as of the early 2010s.

Race winnersEdit

Season Date Race name Winning Driver Chassis Engine Team
1985 November 10 Beatrice Indy Challenge   Danny Sullivan March Cosworth Penske Racing
1986 November 9 Nissan Indy Challenge   Al Unser, Jr. Lola Cosworth Shierson Racing
1987 November 1 Nissan Indy Challenge   Michael Andretti March Cosworth Kraco Racing
1988 November 6 Nissan Indy Challenge   Al Unser, Jr. March Chevrolet Galles Racing

Marlboro Challenge winnersEdit

Season Date Driver Chassis Engine Team
1987 October 31   Bobby Rahal Lola Cosworth Truesports
1988 November 5   Michael Andretti Lola Cosworth Kraco Racing

American Racing Series (Indy Lights) historyEdit

Season Date Winning Driver
1986 November 9   Fabrizio Barbazza
1987 November 1   Jeff Andretti
1988 November 6   Tommy Byrne

Museum ParkEdit

Museum Park
LocationMiami, Florida, United States
Opened1986 (first)
2015 (second)
Closed1995 (first)
Length1.873 (first)
1.345 (second) mi (3.014 (first)
2.170 (second) km)
Turns10 (first)
8 (second)

In 1995, race promoter Ralph Sanchez brought open wheel racing back to Miami. In the aftermath of Hurricane Andrew, Sanchez began redeveloping a devastated area of Homestead, Florida, into the Homestead Motorsports Complex. From 1983 to 1994, Sanchez had promoted very successful IMSA and Trans-Am races at Bayfront Park and Bicentennial Park along Biscayne Bay.

Sanchez revived the Bicentennial Park circuit for one season as a CART race, while Homestead was still under construction. The Bicentennial Park circuit was a semi-permanent circuit which featured purpose-built roads in the park area, along with a temporary segment taking it out on Biscayne Boulevard near the entrance to the Port of Miami.

For the 1995 event, the circuit was run in the opposite direction (clockwise) as it had previously been contested (counter-clockwise). This was done mainly for safety reasons, as the faster Indy cars would find IMSA turn one too tight and prone to accidents. A small kink/chicane was added at the end of the long backstretch (now running northbound) to control speeds. Two of the turns were also widened and slightly re-worked, but that did not significantly alter the layout. The race was won by Jacques Villeneuve, and was the 1995 CART season opener.

Less than three years after the lone CART race in 1995, the layout of the Bicentennial Park racing circuit was partially razed for construction of American Airlines Arena. In the early 2010s, most of the remaining vestiges of the circuit were completely demolished due to the construction of the new Science Museum and Art Museum on the site.

This area was later used for a new circuit, known as the Biscayne Bay Street Circuit. Promoted by Michael Andretti, a 1.3 mile, eight-turn circuit in the area debuted for the 2014–15 Formula E season. In Formula E, the pit lane is used to store cars for the car change that takes place during each race, and the pit lane is away from the start-finish line, close to the pit lane. From Turn 4 to Turn 5 on this circuit the cars will take it out to Biscayne Boulevard, and Turns 5 to 8 (and pit lane) are located very close to the original Bicentennial Park circuit layout. The pit lane is in the same vicinity as the original circuit.

Race winnersEdit

Season Date Race name Winning Driver Chassis Engine Team
1995 March 5 Marlboro Grand Prix of Miami   Jacques Villeneuve Reynard Ford-Cosworth Team Green
2015 March 14 Miami ePrix   Nicolas Prost Spark Renault e.dams

Indy LightsEdit

Season Date Winning Driver
1995 March 5   Greg Moore

Atlantic ChampionshipEdit

Season Date Winning Driver
1995 March 4   Patrick Carpentier

Homestead–Miami SpeedwayEdit

Grand Prix of Miami
IndyCar Series
VenueHomestead–Miami Speedway
First race1996
First ICS race2001
Last race2010
Distance300 miles (482.803 km)
Previous namesCART Champ Car
Marlboro Grand Prix of Miami Presented by Toyota (1995–2000)

Infiniti Grand Prix of Miami presented by Americatel (2001)
20th Anniversary Miami Grand Prix (2002)
Toyota Indy 300 (2003–2005)
Toyota Indy 300 Presented by XM Satellite Radio (2006)
XM Satellite Radio Indy 300 (2007)
GAINSCO Auto Insurance Indy 300 (2008)
Firestone Indy 300 (2009)
Cafés do Brasil Indy 300 (2010)

The Homestead–Miami Indy 300 was an IndyCar race held at Homestead-Miami Speedway in Homestead, Florida from 1996 to 2010.

In 1996, after construction was complete at Homestead Motorsports Complex, CART debuted at 1.5-mile oval with a 200-mile (320 km) event. At the time the layout was a flat, rectangular "mini-Indy" configuration. In 1997, the race was lengthened to 225 miles (362 km), and the configuration was reconstructed to be a traditional oval shape. For each of its years through 2000, the race served as the CART series season opener. CART also used the facility as their venue for "spring training" (off-season testing).

In 2001, the event switched to an IRL Indycar Series event. It was also lengthened to 300 miles (480 km). From 2002 to 2008, the race served as the IndyCar Series season opener. In 2007–2008, the race was held as a night race. After a schedule reorganization, the race was moved to become the season finale for 2009 and 2010 IndyCar Series season. The 2009 race went without a caution, and set a race record average speed of 201.420 mph. The 2010 race was the last IndyCar event at the track in the foreseeable future.

On March 26, 2006 driver Paul Dana suffered fatal injuries in the warmup session before the race when he was involved in a high-speed collision with Ed Carpenter at over 215 mph (346 km/h). The race went on as scheduled, but Dana's teammates withdrew from the race.

In 2007–2010, the IndyCar Series race was part of the Speed Jam, a twin-race combo weekend with the Rolex Sports Car Series.

Race winnersEdit

Season Date Driver Team Chassis Engine Race Distance Race Time Average Speed
Laps Miles (km)
CART PPG Indy Car World Series/FedEx Championship Series history
1996 March 3   Jimmy Vasser Chip Ganassi Racing Reynard Honda 133 199.5 (321.064) 1:51:23 109.399 Report
1997 March 2   Michael Andretti Newman/Haas Racing Swift Ford-Cosworth 147 220.5 (354.86) 1:38:45 135.478 Report
1998 March 15   Michael Andretti Newman/Haas Racing Swift Ford-Cosworth 150 225 (362.102) 1:33:39 144.339 Report
1999 March 21   Greg Moore Forsythe Racing Reynard Mercedes 150 225 (362.102) 1:38:54 136.671 Report
2000 March 26   Max Papis Team Rahal Reynard Ford-Cosworth 150 225 (362.102) 1:22:01 164.788 Report
IRL IndyCar Series history
2001 April 8   Sam Hornish, Jr. Panther Racing Dallara Oldsmobile 200 300 (482.803) 2:01:12 148.508 Report
2002 March 2   Sam Hornish, Jr. Panther Racing Dallara Chevrolet 200 300 (482.803) 2:08:16 140.325 Report
2003 March 2   Scott Dixon Chip Ganassi Racing G-Force Toyota 200 300 (482.803) 1:57:06 153.71 Report
2004 February 29   Sam Hornish, Jr. Team Penske Dallara Toyota 200 300 (482.803) 1:57:56 151.094 Report
2005 March 6   Dan Wheldon Andretti Green Racing Dallara Honda 200 300 (482.803) 2:05:28 142.033 Report
2006 March 26   Dan Wheldon Chip Ganassi Racing Dallara Honda 200 300 (482.803) 1:46:14 167.73 Report
2007 March 24   Dan Wheldon Chip Ganassi Racing Dallara Honda 200 300 (482.803) 1:48:07 164.825 Report
2008 March 29   Scott Dixon Chip Ganassi Racing Dallara Honda 200 300 (482.803) 1:44:04 171.248 Report
2009 October 10   Dario Franchitti Chip Ganassi Racing Dallara Honda 200 300 (482.803) 1:28:28 201.42 Report
2010 October 2   Scott Dixon Chip Ganassi Racing Dallara Honda 200 300 (482.803) 1:52:09 158.905 Report

Indy LightsEdit

Season Date Winning Driver Circuit
1996 March 3   David Empringham Oval
1997 March 2   David Empringham Oval
1998 March 15   Shigeaki Hattori Oval
1999 March 21   Mario Domínguez Oval
2000 Not held
2003 March 2   Mark Taylor Oval
2004 February 29   Phil Giebler Oval
2005 March 6   Travis Gregg Oval
2006 March 26   Jeff Simmons Oval
2007 March 24   Alex Lloyd Oval
2008 March 29   Dillon Battistini Oval
2009 October 9   Mario Romancini Oval
2010 October 2   Brandon Wagner Oval

Atlantic ChampionshipEdit

Season Date Winning Driver Circuit
1996 March 3   Tony Ave 1.4-mile (2.3 km) infield road course
1997 March 1   Anthony Lazzaro Infield road course
1998 Not held
2000 March 25   Dan Wheldon Infield road course
March 26   Buddy Rice

Bayfront ParkEdit

Bayfront Park
LocationMiami, Florida, United States
Length1.15 mi (1.85 km)

The CART series returned to the Miami area once again in 2002. The Grand Prix Americas was a joint CART/ALMS weekend, which revived a part of the original 1983 Bayfront Park course. A 1.387-mile (2.232 km) circuit utilized park roads and extended onto Biscayne Boulevard and 3rd and 4th Streets. In 2003, the layout was changed to drop the 3rd/4th Street loop and added a section on Biscayne Boulevard along the north end of the park.

The race briefly provided two annual open wheel races in the Miami area. The IRL's race at Homestead was in the spring, while this race was held in the fall.

Race winnersEdit

Season Date Race name Winning Driver Chassis Engine Team
2002 October 6 Grand Prix Americas   Cristiano da Matta Lola Toyota Newman/Haas Racing
2003 September 28 Grand Prix Americas   Mario Domínguez Lola Ford Cosworth Herdez Competition

Atlantic ChampionshipEdit

Season Date Winning Driver
2003 September 28   Michael Valiante

See alsoEdit


Works citedEdit


  1. ^ Cooper, Adam (4 May 2018). "First images of proposed Miami Formula 1 circuit layout revealed". Motorsport Network. Retrieved 5 May 2018.
  2. ^ "Agreement in principle reached to host the first-ever Miami Grand Prix". Formula 1. 16 October 2019.
  3. ^ "Images of Fulford Speedway". Archived from the original on 2011-09-27. Retrieved 2020-01-01.
  4. ^ Galpin, Darren. "Tamiami Park track info". Tracks Around the World. Retrieved 11 January 2010.
  5. ^ Wittenmyer, Gordon (November 8, 1988). "Miami`s Indy-car Future, Like Its Past, Is Clouded". Sun Sentinel. Retrieved July 8, 2014.