Grand Preceptor

Grand Preceptor,[1] also referred to as Grand Master,[2] was the senior-most of the top three civil positions of the Zhou dynasty. The other two were Grand Tutor (太傅) and Grand Protector (太保), respectively. These three posts were the first posts to be known as the Three Excellencies. The position titles and duties of the Three Excellencies changed in later dynasties. The title of Grand Preceptor continued to be used during the later parts of the Han dynasty, notably by Dong Zhuo, then Chancellor of State.

Grand Preceptor
Traditional Chinese太師
Simplified Chinese太师

The rank was imitated in the Confucian structure of the Vietnamese court, where the same Chinese title in Vietnamese pronunciation was known as thái sư.


  1. ^ "Official Titles of the Han Dynasty: A Tentative List Compiled for The Han Dynasty History Project" (PDF). University of Washington. p. 34. Archived from the original (PDF) on January 17, 2013. Retrieved March 4, 2013. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  2. ^ de Crespigny, Rafe (1996). To Establish Peace: being the Chronicle of the Later Han dynasty for the years 189 to 220 AD as recorded in Chapters 59 to 69 of the Zizhi tongjian of Sima Guang (PDF). Canberra: Australian National University. ISBN 978-0-7315-2526-3. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) Section Cp2:192 C