Grand Duke Michael Pavlovich of Russia

Grand Duke Mikhail Pavlovich of Russia (Russian: Михаи́л Па́влович; Mikhail Pavlovich) (8 February 1798 [OS 28 January] – 9 September 1849 [OS 28 August]) was a Russian grand duke, the tenth child and fourth son of Paul I of Russia and his second wife, Sophie Dorothea of Württemberg, who took the name Maria Feodorovna. He was the younger brother of two Tsars, Alexander I and Nicholas I, and the disputed Tsar Konstantin I.

Grand Duke Mikhail Pavlovich
Grand Duke Michael Pavlovich of Russia.JPG
Portrait by George Dawe
Born(1798-02-08)8 February 1798
St. Petersburg, Russian Empire
Died9 September 1849(1849-09-09) (aged 51)
Warsaw, Congress Poland
Burial
SpousePrincess Charlotte of Württemberg
IssueGrand Duchess Maria Mikhailovna
Grand Duchess Elizaveta Mikhailovna
Grand Duchess Ekaterina Mikhailovna
Grand Duchess Alexandra Mikhailovna
Grand Duchess Anna Mikhailovna
Nadezhda Mikhailovna Yunina
HouseHouse of Holstein-Gottorp-Romanov
FatherPaul I of Russia
MotherSophie Dorothea of Württemberg
ReligionRussian Orthodox

LifeEdit

Mikhail was the only one of his siblings to be 'born in the purple', that is born whilst his father was Tsar. As a child he was tutored by General I. M. Lamzdorf, but was primarily taught by his mother. Maria Feodorovna who taught her sons science in an attempt to persuade them from building military careers.[1] Ultimately, this would be of no use, as at the age of sixteen, Michael took part in the campaign against Napoleon.[2] In 1825, he took part in repressing the Decembrist revolt.Between 1826 and 1828, he fought in the Russo-Turkish War as Commander of the Guards Corps[2] and in the November Uprising. As a result of his assult on Warsaw, he was awarded the rank of Adjutant general.

Mikhail never played a serious role in state affairs much to the chargrin of his wife Elena.

Marriage and issueEdit

In St. Petersburg on 19 February 1824, Michael married his first cousin once removed, Princess Charlotte of Württemberg (1807–1873), the daughter of Prince Paul of Württemberg and Princess Charlotte of Saxe-Hildburghausen, thus was his first-cousin-once-removed as the daughter of his mother's cousin.

Charlotte took the name Elena Pavlovna upon converting to Orthodoxy.[3] They had five daughters, four of whom predeceased them:[4]

Mikhail had a child with a mistress, named Nadezhda Mikhailovna Yunina (1 December 1843  - 9 July 1908[5]) who was adopted by Alexander von Stieglitz and his wife. Nadezhda married Alexander Polovtsov and had issue.

The marriage was not known to be a happy one. Mikhail's devotion to the army often resulted in the neglect of his wife. Mikhail's treatment towards his wife may have been influenced by his older brother Konstatin's anti-german views following his own disastrous marriage with Princess Juliane of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld.

Mikhailovsky Palace was built by Carlo Rossi for Grand Duke Michael between 1819–1825, where the family lived. The Palace now holds the Russian Museum. Upon the death of Dowager Empress Maria Feodorovna, the Pavlovsk Palace was bequeathed to Mikhail. He and his wife visited the palace often.

Mikhail died in Warsaw, aged 51.

Through his daughter Ekaterina, Mikhail the great-great-great-grandfather of Duke Georg Borwin of Mecklenburg who is the current head of the House of Mecklenburg-Strelitz.

AncestryEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "РОМАНОВЫ В ЖИВОПИСИ (ЧАСТЬ 9 - Вел.князь МИХАИЛ ПАВЛОВИЧ, сын ПАВЛА I). Обсуждение на LiveInternet - Российский Сервис Онлайн-Дневников". www.liveinternet.ru. Retrieved 14 October 2022.
  2. ^ a b "Михаил Павлович". www-rulex-ru.translate.goog. Retrieved 14 October 2022.
  3. ^ Zeepvat, Charlotte (2001). Romanov Autumn: Stories from the Last Century of Imperial Russia. p. 20. ISBN 9780750927390.
  4. ^ "Просмотр документа - dlib.rsl.ru". 6 April 2020. Archived from the original on 6 April 2020. Retrieved 14 October 2022.
  5. ^ TsGIA SPb. f. 19. op.127. file 2194. Metric books of the Transfiguration Cathedral in Narva.

External linksEdit

  Media related to Michael Pavlovich of Russia at Wikimedia Commons