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Grand Duke Michael Nikolaevich of Russia

Grand Duke Michael Nikolaevich of Russia (25 October 1832 – 18 December 1909) was the fourth son and seventh child of Tsar Nicholas I of Russia and Charlotte of Prussia. He was the first owner of the New Michael Palace on the Palace Quay in Saint Petersburg.

Grand Duke Michael Nikolaevich
Grand Duke Michael Nicolaevich of Russia photo.jpg
Born(1832-10-25)25 October 1832
Peterhof, Saint Petersburg, Russian Empire
Died18 December 1909(1909-12-18) (aged 77)
SpousePrincess Cecile of Baden
IssueGrand Duke Nicholas Mikhailovich
Anastasia Mikhailovna, Grand Duchess of Mecklenburg-Schwerin
Grand Duke Michael Mikhailovich
Grand Duke George Mikhailovich
Grand Duke Alexander Mikhailovich
Grand Duke Sergei Mikhailovich
Grand Duke Alexei Mikhailovich
FatherNicholas I of Russia
MotherCharlotte of Prussia
Military career
Allegiance Russian Empire
Service/branch Imperial Russian Army
Years of service1846–1909
Commands heldCaucasus Military District

Marriage and issueEdit

On 16 August 1857, he married Princess Cecilie of Baden (1839–1891), daughter of Leopold, Grand Duke of Baden and Sophie of Sweden. Cecily adopted the name Olga Fedorovna, and had the following children with him:


  Name Birth Death Spouse (dates of birth & death) and children[1][2]
  Grand Duke Nicholas Mikhailovich of Russia,
184026 April
191928 January
Unmarried. He was killed by the Bolsheviks during the Russian revolution;
no issue
  Grand Duchess Anastasia Mikhailovna of Russia 186028 July
192211 March
Married 1879 (24 January),
Frederick Francis III, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin (1851–1897);
1 son, 2 daughters.
  Grand Duke Michael Mikhailovich of Russia 186116 October
192926 April
Married 1891 (26 February),
Sophie of Merenberg (1868–1927);
1 son, 2 daughters.
  Grand Duke George Mikhailovich of Russia 186323 August
191928 January
Married 1900 (12 May),
Princess Maria of Greece and Denmark (1876–1940);
2 daughters.

He was killed by the Bolsheviks during the Russian revolution

  Grand Duke Alexander Mikhailovich of Russia 186613 April
193326 February
Married 1894 (6 August),
Grand Duchess Xenia Alexandrovna of Russia (1875–1960);
1 daughter, 6 sons.
  Grand Duke Sergei Mikhailovich of Russia 18697 October
191818 July
Unmarried. He was killed by the Bolsheviks during the Russian revolution;
no issue
  Grand Duke Alexei Mikhailovich of Russia 187528 December
18952 March
no issue

He served 20 years (1862–1882) as the Governor General of Caucasia, being seated in Tbilisi, the town which most of his children remembered as the home of their childhood. In the course of his life, four members of his family ruled as Emperors of Russia: his father, Nicholas I; his brother, Alexander II; his nephew, Alexander III; as well as his grand-nephew, Nicholas II, whose second daughter, Grand Duchess Tatiana, the Grand Duke was godfather to. He died in Cannes, France, on 18 December 1909. He was the last surviving legitimate grandchild of Paul I of Russia.



  1. ^ Whitaker's Almanack (1900) Facsimile Reprint 1998, London: Stationery Office, ISBN 0-11-702247-0, p. 86
  2. ^ Whitaker's Almanack, 1993, Concise Edition, (ISBN 0-85021-232-4), pages 134–136