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Decoration of Honour for Services to the Republic of Austria

  (Redirected from Grand Decoration of Honour in Gold for Services to the Republic of Austria)

The Decoration of Honour for Services to the Republic of Austria or Order of Merit of the Austrian Republic (German: Ehrenzeichen für Verdienste um die Republik Österreich) is a national honour awarded by the Republic of Austria.

Order of Honour for Services to the Republic of Austria
Großstern-Ehrenzeichen-Rep-AUT-combined.jpg
Grand Cross, Special Class set of the Order
Type State decoration
Eligibility Civilians and military personnel
Awarded for Meritorious service
to the Austrian nation
Statistics
Established 2 April 1952
Precedence
Next (higher) None (highest)
Next (lower) Order for Science and the Arts

The decoration is awarded in 15 grades and is Austria's highest national honour.

Contents

HistoryEdit

The "Decoration of Honour for Services to the Republic of Austria" was established by the National Council in 1952.[1] It is conferred by the Republic of Austria to honour people (from Austria and abroad) who have rendered meritorious services to the country. Recipients are selected by the government, the awards are made by the President in accordance with the respective laws.[1] The President of Austria automatically receives the "Grand Star of the Decoration for Services to the Republic of Austria" by being elected to the office and holds this honour for life. The decoration should not be confused with other decorations in the Austrian honours system such as the "Austrian Decoration for Science and Art".

ClassesEdit

The Decoration of Honour for Services to the Republic of Austria is divided into the 15 classes as follows:

  1.   Grand Star (Gross-stern)[2]
  2.   Grand Decoration of Honour in Gold with Sash (Grosses Goldenes Ehrenzeichen am Bande)[2]
  3.   Grand Decoration of Honour in Silver with Sash (Grosses Silbernes Ehrenzeichen am Bande)[2]
  4.   Grand Decoration of Honour in Gold with Star (Grosses Goldenes Ehrenzeichen mit Stern).[2]
  5.   Grand Decoration of Honour in Silver with Star (Grosses Silbernes Ehrenzeichen mit Stern).[2]
  6.   Grand Decoration of Honour in Gold (Grosses Goldenes Ehrenzeichen).[2]
  7.   Grand Decoration of Honour in Silver (Grosses Silbernes Ehrenzeichen).[2]
  8.   Grand Decoration of Honour (Grosses Ehrenzeichen).[2]
  9.   Decoration of Honour in Gold (Goldenes Ehrenzeichen).[3]
  10.   Decoration of Honour in Silver (Silbernes Ehrenzeichen).[3]
  11.   Decoration of Merit in Gold (Goldenes Verdienstzeichen).[3]
  12.   Decoration of Merit in Silver (Silbernes Verdienstzeichen).[3]
  13.   Gold Medal (Goldene Medaille).[3]
  14.   Silver Medal (Silberne Medaille).[3]
  15.   Bronze Medal (Bronzene Medaille), which is no longer awarded.[3]

The "Gold Medal for Services to the Republic of Austria" may also be conferred as "Gold Medal with Red Riband" awarded for bravery and lifesaving.[3]

Classes of the decoration
The five higher classes with Breast Star. 
The seven lower classes of the Decoration. 
Three Medals in Gold, Silver and Bronze. 

Notable recipientsEdit

See also List of Austrian Honours awarded to Heads of State and Royals

Below a list with names of all Grand Star recipients and other notable recipients, in chronological order with the year of award in brackets:

Grand Star recipientsEdit

Royal HousesEdit

PoliticiansEdit

Other select recipientsEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ a b Hofburg: for Services to the Republic of Austria
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h Hofburg: Decoration (English); Ehrenzeichen (German).
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h Hofburg: Ehrenzeichen (German).
  4. ^ Badurina, Berislav; Saračević, Sead; Grobenski, Valent; Eterović, Ivo; Tudor, Mladen (1980). Bilo je časno živjeti s Titom. Vjesnik. p. 102. 
  5. ^ Volkov, Solomon. (2004). Testimony, p. 280.
  6. ^ Felder, Deborah G. (2005). Fifty Jewish Women Who Changed the World, p. 129.
  7. ^ https://www.parlament.gv.at/PAKT/VHG/XXIV/AB/AB_10542/imfname_251156.pdf
  8. ^ Toyota: Toyoda bio Archived 2009-06-04 at the Wayback Machine.
  9. ^ Austrian Information, May/June 2004
  10. ^ "Obituary: Jeanette Schmid". The Telegraph. 17 March 2005. 
  11. ^ Covington & Burling: Eizenstat bio
  12. ^ Council of Europe: Schwimmer bio
  13. ^ Lancaster University [1]
  14. ^ "Miep Gies :: Grand Decoration of Honour for Services". www.miepgies.nl. Retrieved 2016-01-15. 

ReferencesEdit

External linksEdit