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A gramogram or grammagram or letteral word is a letter or group of letters which can be pronounced to form one or more words, as in "CU" for "See you".[1][2][3] They are a subset of rebuses,[4] and are commonly misunderstood for abbreviations.[citation needed]

They are commonly used as a component of cryptic crossword clues.[1]

A poem reportedly appeared in the Woman's Home Companion of July 1903 using many grammagrams: it was preceded by the line "ICQ out so that I can CU have fun translating the sound FX of this poem".[2]

A restaurant scene where a customer initially asks "FUNEX" ("Have you any eggs") appears in a 1949 book Hail fellow well met by Seymour Hicks[5] and was performed in The Two Ronnies under the title Swedish made simple.[6]

The book How to Double the Meaning of Life devotes three pages to gramograms, to which the author, Anil, gives the name letteral words.[4]

As of December 2016 neither spelling of the word appears in the online Oxford English Dictionary.

Some are homophones because some can be used for multiple words.

Contents

Examples for wordsEdit

  • 1: won
  • 22: tutu
  • 2: to, too
  • 4: for, fore
  • 8: ate
  • AT: 80
  • B: be, bee
  • BD: beady
  • BUT: Beauty
  • C: see, sea
  • CD: seedy
  • CL: seal
  • DK: decay
  • DL: deal
  • DVS: devious
  • F: have (forced, in context)
  • FND: effendi
  • FNS: finesse
  • FRE1: everyone (forced)
  • FRE: every (forced)
  • FX: effects, affects
  • I: I, eye
  • IC: icy, I see
  • IV: ivy
  • JL: jail
  • JQZ1: jacuzzi
  • K9: canine
  • KL: kale
  • KMN: Caiman, Cayman
  • M: am
  • N: and, an
  • NE1: anyone
  • NE: any
  • NME: enemy
  • NML: animal
  • NMNE: anemone
  • NRG: energy
  • NTD/NTT: entity
  • NV: envy
  • NVS: envious
  • O: oh, owe
  • OBDNC: obediency
  • ODS: odious
  • OPM: opium
  • P: pea, pee
  • PL: peel
  • PT: pity
  • Q8: Kuwait
  • Q8E: Qu'aiti
  • Q: cue, queue
  • QT: cutie
  • R: are, ar
  • RA: array
  • RKDN: arcadian
  • RST: arrestee
  • RT: arty
  • S: is (forced, in context)
  • SA: essay
  • SKP: escapee
  • T: tea, tee
  • TDS: tedious
  • U: you, ewe
  • X: eggs, ex
  • XL: excel
  • XLNC: excellency
  • XPDNC: expediency
  • XS: excess, exes
  • Y: why
  • Z1T: ziti

1: "Zee"

Examples of namesEdit

  • AV: Avie
  • BT: Beatty
  • DDD1: Dedede (as in King Dedede)
  • DN: Dean
  • GG: Gigi
  • JC: Jaycee
  • KC: Casey, Kacie
  • KT: Katie, Katy
  • LC: Elsie
  • LE: Ellie, Elly
  • LN: Ellen
  • ME: Emmy
  • MLE: Emily
  • MNM: M & M, Eminem
  • N: Anne (forced)
  • ND: Andy
  • NE: Annie
  • RE: Ari
  • RT: Artie

1: Only in North America

Examples of prefixesEdit

  • B- be

Examples of suffixesEdit

  • T: -ty

Examples of sentencesEdit

  • CQ: -Seek you
  • FUNEX: -Have you any eggs
  • IMOK: -I am okay
  • IOU: -I owe you
  • NUR: -And you are
  • NUROK: -And you are ok
  • OL: -Oh well

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Cryptic crossword reference lists > Gramograms". Highlight Press. Retrieved 31 December 2016.
  2. ^ a b "Grammagrams". Audrey Deal. Retrieved 31 December 2016.
  3. ^ "Grammagrams". Wordnik. Retrieved 31 December 2016.
  4. ^ a b Anil (2011). "Letteral Words". How to Double the Meaning of Life. Xlibris. pp. 237–239. ISBN 9781462871209. Retrieved 31 December 2016.
  5. ^ Hicks, Sir Seymour (1949). Hail Fellow Well Met. Staples Press. p. 183. Retrieved 31 December 2016.
  6. ^ Brennan, Ailis. "Ronnie Corbett dies: Here are his funniest seven sketches". GQ. Retrieved 31 December 2016.