Graham Holdings Company (formerly The Washington Post Company) is a diversified American conglomerate holding company. Headquartered in Arlington County, Virginia, and incorporated in Delaware, it was formerly the owner of The Washington Post newspaper and Newsweek magazine.
|Formerly||The Washington Post Company (1947–2013)|
|Class A Common Stock: unlisted|
Class B Common Stock: NYSE: GHC
S&P 400 Component
|Founded||August 4, 1947 (as The Washington Post Company)|
Washington, D.C., U.S.
|Donald E. Graham|
(President and CEO)
|Revenue||US$2.889 Billion (Fiscal Year Ended December 31, 2020)|
|US$407.268 Million (Fiscal Year Ended December 31, 2020)|
|US$300.365 Million (Fiscal Year Ended December 31, 2020)|
|Total assets||US$6.444 Billion (Fiscal Year Ended December 31, 2020)|
|Total equity||US$3.766 Billion (Fiscal Year Ended December 31, 2020)|
Number of employees
Its current holdings include the digital marketing company SocialCode, the online magazine Slate, Graham Media Group (formerly Post-Newsweek Stations), a group of seven television stations, higher education company Kaplan, content and marketplace company Leaf Group, and the now-defunct Trove (formerly WaPo Labs)—the developers of a news reader app. Graham Holdings Company also owned cable television and internet service provider Cable One until it was spun off in 2015.
The history of Graham Holdings Company dates back to 1877, when the Post was first published. The Washington Post Company was incorporated in the District of Columbia in 1889, and remained a District of Columbia corporation until it changed its place of incorporation to Delaware in 2003. It is a public company and its Class B common stock trades on the New York Stock Exchange under the ticker symbol GHC; it went public in 1971.
Descendants of the late Eugene Meyer (including Chairman Donald E. Graham, his sister Lally Weymouth, and the beneficiaries of various family trusts) collectively control the company through their ownership of the unlisted Class A common stock that selects 70% of the company's board of directors. As of 2014, it forms more than 90% of the family's assets. Prior to 2014, Berkshire Hathaway was a substantial holder of the public Class B common stock that selects 30% of the company's board of directors, but exchanged most of that stock for WPLG-TV, one of Graham Holdings' television stations, and other assets, in 2014.
Since 1950, the company had been based in the Washington Post building in Washington, D.C., which was sold off separately in 2014. Its new headquarters are at 1300 North 17th Street in Arlington, Virginia, with the choice of state motivated (according to Don Graham) by the proximity to Congress and the fact that two of the holding's activity areas, education and health care, are subject to federal regulation.
On August 5, 2013, it was announced that the Washington Post Company would sell the flagship newspaper for $250 million to Jeff Bezos, founder and chief executive of Amazon.com. The Washington Post Company agreed to adopt a new corporate name once the sale was finalized. It adopted Graham Holdings Company as the new name effective November 29, 2013. Amazon.com was not involved in the sale. Nash Holdings LLC, a company owned by Bezos, closed the purchase of the newspaper and affiliated publications on October 1, 2013. Graham Holdings Company retained ownership of WaPo Labs, its technology innovation group, since rebranded as Trove.
Through its Graham Media Group subsidiary (formerly Post-Newsweek Stations), Graham Holdings owns a group of seven television stations. Led by chief executive officer Emily L. Barr, the company is now based in Chicago, after being co-located for several years with its local NBC affiliate WDIV-TV in Detroit.
Stations are arranged in alphabetical order by state and city of license.
|City of license / market||Station||Channel
|Owned since||Primary affiliation|
|WCWJ||17 (34)||2017||The CW|
|Orlando - Daytona Beach - Melbourne||WKMG-TV||6 (26)||1997||CBS|
|San Antonio||KSAT-TV||12 (12)||1994||ABC|
Graham Holdings Company also owns three firms active in various capacities on the World Wide Web. These include The Slate Group, which publishes Slate, Slate V, and ForeignPolicy.com. The Root, an online magazine focusing on African American culture, used to be held by The Slate Group until Graham Holdings sold it to Univision Communications in 2015. Graham Holdings Company also owns SocialCode, an advertising agency specializing in social media/ID-based marketing, and Panoply, a podcasting network.
In November 2014, Graham Holdings Company acquired Social News Desk, a social media management platform for newsrooms, through its subsidiary, Graham Media Group.
In October 2012, the firm purchased Celtic Healthcare Inc. for an undisclosed sum. Celtic Healthcare, based in Pennsylvania, provides home health care in western, central, and northeastern Pennsylvania as well as Montgomery and Baltimore County, Maryland. It also provides home hospice services in the same areas, as well as owns a 10-bed inpatient hospice in Dunmore, Pennsylvania. In 2014, it had around 558 full-time and 45 part-time employees.
In 2014, Graham Holdings bought a majority stake in Troy, Michigan-based Residential Healthcare Group, the parent company of Residential Home Health and Residential Hospice, which provides at-home and on-site health care and hospice services in Michigan and Illinois.
In July 2013, Graham Holdings purchased Forney Corp. for an undisclosed sum. The company, which is based in Addison, Texas, manufactures equipment that monitors and controls the combustion of coal, natural gas, and other materials. This equipment is sold to electric utilities for use in power generation plants.
In April 2017, Graham Holdings acquired Hoover Treated Wood Products, a Thompson, Georgia-based manufacturer of fire retardant wood and other wood products.
In January 2019, Graham Holdings acquired 90% of two automobile dealerships from Sonic Automotive. The company's latest acquisition — its fourth auto dealership to date — is located at 8820 Centreville Road in Manassas. Christopher J. Ourisman of Ourisman Automotive will operate and manage the dealership, which the Arlington holding company purchased from the Battlefield Automotive Group. Terms of the deal were not disclosed.
Kaplan focuses on three areas: higher education, professional training, and test preparation.
In January 2016, Graham Holdings launched CyberVista, a cybersecurity training and education company.
Following several years of significant enrollment decline, Graham sold Kaplan University to the Purdue University system for one dollar in March 2018, which was rebranded as Purdue University Global. In exchange, Purdue agreed to employ Kaplan, Inc. as the exclusive provider of nonacademic functions, and Kaplan, Inc. agreed to assume responsibility for liabilities resulting before the transaction. According to the contract terms, Kaplan receives 12.5 percent of the university's revenue, as long as funds are available after all operating expenses and guaranteed payments to Purdue have been covered. Purdue University Global reported an $18 million loss in 2018, and a $43 million loss in 2019.
In February 2020, GHC reported that Purdue University Global owed Kaplan Higher Education $68.4 million for services and deferred fees and $18.6 million for an advance from the Kaplan University transaction. Despite spending a reported $132 million in marketing, more than $4,400 per enrolled student, and four times their competitor SNHU, enrollments at Global have remained virtually flat. In October 2020, Purdue University Global reported -$47 million in net assets, with a net operating loss of $103 million.
- "Graham Holdings Company 2020 Annual Report". Graham. December 31, 2020. Retrieved July 29, 2021.
- "2015 Annual Report". Graham Holdings Company.
- "EDGAR Search Results". www.sec.gov. Retrieved May 29, 2020.
- District of Columbia Corporation records show the original Washington Post Company was registered as a domestic corporation in 1889 Archived June 20, 2009, at the Wayback Machine
- District of Columbia Corporation records show the original D.C.-based corporation's charter was revoked in 2003 and replaced by a Delaware-based foreign corporation Archived June 20, 2009, at the Wayback Machine.
- Graham Holdings: 2014 Annual Report (available on GHCO.com)
- Wilgoren, Debbi. "Washington Post Co. Renamed Graham Holdings Company to Mark Sale of Newspaper." Washington Post. November 18, 2013. Accessed November 18, 2013.
- Farhi, Paul (August 6, 2013). "Washington Post to be sold to Jeff Bezos, the founder of Amazon". Washington Post. Retrieved August 6, 2013.
- Fahri, Paul (October 1, 2013). "The Washington Post Closes Sale to Amazon Founder Jeff Bezos". The Washington Post. Washington, D.C. ISSN 0190-8286. Retrieved October 1, 2013.
Bezos’s $250 million purchase was completed as expected with the signing of sale documents. The signing transfers the newspaper and other assets from The Washington Post Co. to Nash Holdings, Bezos’s private investment company.
- Clabaugh, Jeff (October 1, 2013). "Jeff Bezos Completes Washington Post Acquisition". Washington Business Journal. American City Business Journals. Retrieved October 1, 2013.
Amazon founder Jeff Bezos is now officially the head of a newspaper, completing his $250 million acquisition of the Washington Post’s publishing business Tuesday afternoon.
- "What is WaPo Labs?" – via www.washingtonpost.com.
- Clabaugh, Jeff (November 13, 2014). "Graham Holdings to spin off cable business". Washington Business Journal. Retrieved November 13, 2014.
- "Graham Holdings Completes Spin-off of Cable ONE". Business Wire. July 2015. Retrieved August 2, 2015.
- "Bangert: Year of controversy later, online Purdue Global goes live". Journal & Courier. Retrieved February 6, 2020.
- "Graham Holdings Completes Acquisition of Leaf Group Ltd". June 14, 2021. Archived from the original on June 14, 2021.
- "Washington Post's former TV arm changes name to Graham Media Group". Chicago Tribune. July 28, 2014. Retrieved July 28, 2014.
- "Emily Barr leaves ABC 7 on top — but doesn't go far". Time Out Chicago. May 8, 2012. Retrieved January 28, 2013.
- "The Washington Post Company Announces The Slate Group." Washington Post. June 4, 2008.
- Bond, Shannon (May 21, 2015). "Univision buys African-American news site The Root". Financial Times. ISSN 0307-1766. Retrieved May 24, 2015.
- "Graham Media Group Buys Social Media Startup". www.adweek.com. Retrieved July 23, 2018.
- Clabaugh, Jeff. "Washington Post Enters Hospice Business With Purchase of Celtic Healthcare." Washington Business Journal. October 1, 2012. Accessed November 18, 2013.
- Harrison, J.D. "Graham Holdings wades deeper into residential health care business." Washington Post. July 3, 2014. Accessed October 17, 2015.
- Clabaugh, Jeff. "Washington Post Buys Utility Products Company." Washington Business Journal. July 18, 2013. Accessed November 18, 2013.
- "Graham Holdings acquires Joyce/Dayton Corp." Today's Energy Solutions. June 2, 2014. Archived March 4, 2016, at the Wayback Machine Accessed October 17, 2015.
- "Graham Holdings Acquires Group Dekko." Business Wire. November 13, 2015. Accessed June 19, 2016.
- "Graham Holdings Acquires Framebridge." Citybizlist. May 15, 2020. Accessed 2020-16-05.
- Maynard, Michelle (August 1, 2019). "From News To Nightcaps: Washington's Graham Family Buys The Clyde's Group". Forbes.
- "Graham Holdings Company Acquires Two Automotive Dealerships." Business Wire. January 31, 2019. Accessed February 18, 2020.
- https://www.bizjournals.com/washington/news/2022/01/03/graham-holdings-auto-dealerships-manassas.html[bare URL]
- "New Company, CyberVista, Launches to Tackle Cybersecurity Training for Business Leaders and Practitioners" Business Wire. January 6, 2016. Accessed June 19, 2016.
- "Accreditor backs Purdue University Global as more for-profits seek to convert or sell". www.insidehighered.com. Retrieved February 6, 2020.
- Hill, Phil (January 7, 2020). "Postscript on Purdue University Global Post". PhilOnEdTech. Retrieved February 6, 2020.
- "10K Graham Holdings Company". sec.gov. US Securities and Exchange Commission. Retrieved February 27, 2020.
- Hill, Phil (January 30, 2020). "Purdue Global Budget: More than $132m spent on marketing last year". PhilOnEdTech. Retrieved March 6, 2020.
- "Purdue University Financial Report 2020" (PDF). www.purdue.edu. p. 84. Retrieved December 21, 2020.
- Official website
- Business data for Graham Holdings Corporation: