Grafeneck is a small rural village in the German municipality of Gomadingen, south of Stuttgart.

Grafeneck
Location of Grafeneck
Grafeneck is located in Germany
Grafeneck
Grafeneck
Grafeneck is located in Baden-Württemberg
Grafeneck
Grafeneck
Coordinates: 48°23′40″N 9°25′57″E / 48.39444°N 9.43250°E / 48.39444; 9.43250Coordinates: 48°23′40″N 9°25′57″E / 48.39444°N 9.43250°E / 48.39444; 9.43250
CountryGermany
StateBaden-Württemberg
DistrictReutlingen
MunicipalityGomadingen
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)

World War II historyEdit

Grafeneck Castle, which had previously been an asylum for crippled people, was turned by the Nazis into an extermination facility.

Between January and December 1940, 10,654 people with mental disabilities or psychological disorders were gassed at this facility with carbon monoxide in the first gas chamber and then cremated. This was the beginning of the T-4 Euthanasia Program. Grafeneck was the first Nazi institution to be transformed in a gas chamber and crematorium.[1]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Emiliano Perra (December 18, 2015). "The uncanny memory of Nazi euthanasia, the Risiera di San Sabba and the foibe" (PDF). Incontroi. Werkgroep Italië Studies. 30 (2): 147. doi:10.18352/incontri.10117. ISSN 0169-3379. OCLC 5966476814. Archived from the original on July 21, 2018 – via archive.is. Grafeneck was the first institution to be outfitted with a gas chamber and crematorium {{cite journal}}: External link in |via= (help)