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Gastão Gracie from Rio de Janeiro, the grandson of George Gracie through his son Pedro married Cesarina Pessoa Vasconcellos, the daughter of a wealthy Ceará family, in 1901 and decided to settle in Belém do Pará.[4][unreliable source?] Gastão Gracie became a business partner of the American Circus in Belém. In 1916, the Italian Argentine Queirolo Brothers staged circus shows there and presented Mitsuyo Maeda, a Japanese judoka and prize fighter.[5][6] In 1917, Carlos Gracie, the eldest son of Gastão Gracie, watched a demonstration by Mitsuyo Maeda at the Da Paz Theatre and decided to learn judo. Conde thus accepted to teach Gastão's son Carlos. In 1921, however, following financial hardship and his own father Pedro's demise, Gastão Gracie returned to Rio de Janeiro with his family.[4]

Maeda's teachings were then passed on through local Rio coaches to Carlos and brothers Oswaldo, Gastão Jr., and George and Hélio. There's a version saying that Helio was too young and slow at that time to learn the art and due to his medical imposition was prohibited to physically partake in training, but it is now known that he became a coxswain for the local rowing team[7] as well as a competitive swimmer.[8] Hélio successfully learned the art of Jiu Jitsu. Today, Hélio and Carlos are both widely considered by the Jiu Jitsu community and Gracie family as the founders of modern Brazilian jiu-jitsu.[citation needed]

For a number of years, the Gracie family ran a competitive monopoly on Vale Tudo events. [9] Through their competitive rise, the men allocated power and influence with which they sought to promote Gracie family members within the Vale Tudo community.[9]

Roger Gracie won the World Jiu-Jitsu Championship 10 times in various weight divisions (6 times at 100 kg, once at 100+kg, and 3 times in the Absolute division). He also won the Pan-American Championship in the Absolute division in 2006 and the European Championships in 2005 in the 100+kg and Absolute divisions.[10]

Kron Gracie won the ADCC Submission Wrestling World Championship in the under 77 kg division in 2013 [11] and the European Championships in the 82 kg division in 2009.[10]

Clark Gracie won the Pan-American Championship in the under 82 kg division in 2013.[12]

Kyra Gracie won the ADCC Submission Wrestling World Championship in the Women's under 60 kg division in 2005, 2007, and 2011 and the World Jiu-Jitsu Championship four times (three times in the Women's under 64 kg division and once in the Women's Absolute Division).[13]

Family membersEdit

Family treeEdit

Notable members of the Brazilian Gracie family include:[14][15]

First generationEdit

Second generationEdit

Third generationEdit

Fourth GenerationEdit

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ "History". Gracie Jiu-Jitsu Academy. Archived from the original on 29 July 2018. Retrieved 29 July 2018.
  2. ^ "Helio Gracie - Generations". Gracie Jiu-Jitsu Academy. Archived from the original on 28 February 2018. Retrieved 29 July 2018.
  3. ^ "Generations". Gracie Jiu-Jitsu Academy. Archived from the original on 29 July 2018. Retrieved 29 July 2018.
  4. ^ a b José Cairus. "The Gracie Clan and the Making of Brazilian Jiu‐jitsu: National Identity, Performance and Culture, 1801‐1993 (Draft)]" (PDF). Retrieved 2015-07-09.
  5. ^ "Martial Arts of the World: An Encyclopedia of History and Innovation". Retrieved 2015-07-09.
  6. ^ "Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu a way of life". Archived from the original on 2012-03-30. Retrieved 2015-07-09.
  7. ^ "Helio Gracie". Retrieved 2015-07-09.
  8. ^ "Deconstructing the Gracie Mythology (Part 2) - The Jiu Jitsu Journey". Retrieved 2015-07-09.
  9. ^ a b "Pesquisador Fábio Quio fala do TV Ringue Torre". Retrieved 2015-07-09.
  10. ^ a b "IBJJF Results". Retrieved 24 August 2014.
  11. ^ "ADCC 2013 - Results | ADCC | News Archive". 2013-10-21. Retrieved 2015-07-09.
  12. ^ "2013 PanAm Middleweight Final". Retrieved August 23, 2013.
  13. ^ "ADCC Submission Fighting World Championship : results". Retrieved 2015-07-09.
  14. ^ "The Gracie Family Tree". Retrieved 2015-07-09.
  15. ^ "Gracie Jiu Jitsu Founders". Retrieved 2019-01-29.

External linksEdit