Grace and favour
A grace-and-favour home is a residential property owned by a monarch by virtue of his or her position as head of state and leased, often rent-free, to persons as part of an employment package or in gratitude for past services rendered.
It is possible that the term crept into English through the writings of Niccolò Machiavelli, who wrote of advisers who are ministers per grazia e concessione, which has been translated as "through grace and favour".
In the United Kingdom, these homes are owned by The Crown or a charity and, in modern times, are often within the gift of the Prime Minister. Most of these properties are taxed as a "benefit in kind", although this status does not apply to 10 Downing Street or any home granted for security purposes, such as the residence of the Secretary of State for Northern Ireland. They are at times granted to senior politicians.
List of some grace-and-favour residences in the United KingdomEdit
In 1986, there were 120 apartments total. The most splendid are at Kensington Palace where lived the Prince of Wales, and Duke and Duchess of Gloucester, and Prince and Princess of Kent. There are some at Windsor Palace, and Buckingham Palace where lived the Princess Alice. St James's Palace had 20 apartments. Lord Kitchener once lived there, as did the Duke of Windsor. Most apartments are modest, some two rooms, inhabited mostly by retired members of the household staff. Hampton Court apartments were generally occupied by retired soldiers and diplomats or their widows. Grace and favour apartments have been discontinued at Hampton Court. There were once 69. In 1986, this had dwindled to 15.
Other residents include:
- 10 Downing Street, City of Westminster — official residence of the First Lord of the Treasury (now always the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom)
- Chequers, Ellesborough — official country house of the Prime Minister
- 11 Downing Street, Westminster — official residence of the Chancellor of the Exchequer (Second Lord of the Treasury)
- 12 Downing Street, Westminster — official residence of the Chief Whip
- Dorneywood, Burnham — official ministerial residence; a country residence usually for use of the Chancellor, or for the Deputy Prime Minister. (Used by Chancellor during May ministry)
- Admiralty House, Westminster — official ministerial residence
- 1 Carlton Gardens, Westminster — official ministerial residence; usually for the Foreign Secretary
- Chevening House, Chevening, Kent — official ministerial residence; usually a country residence for use of the Foreign Secretary (During the May ministry, the house is set to be used by the Foreign Secretary, Brexit Secretary, and International Trade Secretary)
- Speaker's House, Palace of Westminster, Westminster — official residence of the Commons' Speaker
- Lord Speaker's Apartments, Palace of Westminster, Westminster — official residence of the Lord Speaker.
- Nottingham Cottage
- Garden House — official residence of the Commonwealth Secretary-General
- Hillsborough Castle, Hillsborough — official ministerial residence for the Northern Ireland Secretary
- Bute House, Charlotte Square, Edinburgh — official residence of the First Minister of Scotland.
- Tulliallan Castle, Kincardine, Fife — official residence of the Chief Constable of Police Scotland.
- Moderators Flat, Rothesay Terrace - official residence of the Moderator of the General Assembly of the Church of Scotland
- Rossiter, William T. (2014). Wyatt Abroad: Tudor Diplomacy and the Translation of Power. Woodbridge, Suffolk: Boydell & Brewer Ltd. p. 192. ISBN 9781843843887.
- BBC NEWS | Politics | What are grace-and-favour homes?
- "Critics welcome Dorneywood move". BBC News.
- Jo Thomas (12 April 1986). "Living in a castle by royal favor". New York Times. Retrieved 24 February 2019.