Grünstadt station

Grünstadt station is a railway junction where the Palatine Northern Railway connects with the Eis Valley Railway and the disused tracks of the Leiningen Valley Railway and the Worms–Grünstadt railway. It is one of three stations in the urban area of Grünstadt in the German state of Rhineland-Palatinate. The station’s entrance building of 1873 as well as parts of the premises are protected as monuments.[3] It is classified by Deutsche Bahn as a category 4 station.[2]

Grünstadt
Junction station
Hauptbahnhof Gruenstadt 05.JPG
LocationGrünstadt, Rhineland-Palatinate
Germany
Coordinates49°33′51″N 8°10′04″E / 49.564248°N 8.1677341°E / 49.564248; 8.1677341Coordinates: 49°33′51″N 8°10′04″E / 49.564248°N 8.1677341°E / 49.564248; 8.1677341
Line(s)
Platforms3
Other information
Station code2402
DS100 codeRGR[1]
IBNR8000137
Category4[2]
History
Opened21 March 1873; 147 years ago (1873-03-21)
Services
Preceding station   DBAG   Following station
toward Neustadt
RB 45
Pfälzische Nordbahn
toward Monsheim
RB 46
Eistalbahn
toward Eiswoog

HistoryEdit

Grünstadt station was opened on 21 March 1873, with the northern section of the Palatine Northern Railway between Grünstadt and Monsheim. In the same year operations commenced on the section from Bad Durkheim. With the opening of lines to Enkenbach, Worms and Altleiningen, it gained connections in five directions.

Between 1967 and 1984 with the exception of the lines to Bad Durkheim and Frankenthal via Freinsheim, all lines from Grünstadt were shut down and the station became a terminus. Its function as a railway junction was restored in 1995 with the resumption of passenger traffic on the lines to Eisenberg and Monsheim in the Rhineland-Palatinate integrated regular interval timetable.

Coinciding with the reactivation of the Palatine Northern Railway between Grünstadt and Monsheim and the Eis Valley Railway, the station was transformed as a Rhineland-Palatinate pilot project into the Grünstadt “environmental station" (Umweltbahnhof Grünstadt). Key elements of the concept were the reuse of the entrance building and the freight shed, the building of a platform underpass to connect the eastern residential areas and the construction of a bus station between the entrance building and platform 1 and park-and-ride areas to the west and east of the main lines.[4]

InfrastructureEdit

A bus station was created with the remodelling of the station environment around track 1 (the “home” platform) and 2, so today it only has three of its original five through platform tracks.[5] Even the two bay platforms connecting to platform 1 and 2 were removed. Part of the extensive system of freight tracks that connected Südzucker operations in Grünstadt to Worms were acquired for the construction of a park-and-ride area.

The two mechanical signal boxes at the northern and southern ends of the station were replaced in 2004 by an electronic interlocking, which is controlled from Neustadt an der Weinstraße. As they are heritage-listed, they are preserved, including substantial parts of their equipment.

Entrance buildingEdit

The three-storey station building was built in 1873 in an historicist style with Renaissance Revival elements. Two storeys, which are divided by bands of yellow sandstone, are built on a base of plastered red sandstone. North of the station building there is a single-storey wing of red brick, which was built in 1934. To the south, connected by the canopy above the entrance to the platform subway, is a residential building for employees and the former railway freight shed. Protection as a monument has been extended to all parts of the building, the cast iron platform canopies and the railings of the underpass of 1900 and the two signal boxes of 1898/99 at the northern and southern ends of the station.

OperationsEdit

The station is served by hourly services towards Neustadt, Monsheim and Frankenthal. Less frequent services operate towards Ramsen and sometimes Eiswoog.

Line Route Frequency
RB 45 NeustadtBad DürkheimFreinsheimGrünstadtMonsheim Hourly
RB 46 Frankenthal – Freinsheim – Grünstadt – Ramsen (– Eiswoog) Hourly

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Eisenbahnatlas Deutschland (German railway atlas) (2009/2010 ed.). Schweers + Wall. 2009. ISBN 978-3-89494-139-0.
  2. ^ a b "Stationspreisliste 2020" [Station price list 2020] (PDF) (in German). DB Station&Service. 4 November 2019. Retrieved 15 November 2019.
  3. ^ Generaldirektion Kulturelles Erbe Rheinland-Pfalz, ed. (2009). "Nachrichtliches Verzeichnis der Kulturdenkmäler Kreis Bad Dürkheim" (PDF; 1.6 MB) (in German). Koblenz. Retrieved 9 May 2013.
  4. ^ "Umweltbahnhof Grünstadt" (PDF; 330 kB) (in German). WSW & Partner GmbH. Retrieved 9 May 2013.[permanent dead link]
  5. ^ "Track plan of Grünstadt station" (PDF) (in German). Deutsche Bahn. Retrieved 9 May 2013.

ReferencesEdit

  • Wolfgang Christ (1997). Planungshandbuch Umweltbahnhof Rheinland-Pfalz (in German). Freiburg im Breisgau: Öko-Institut. ISBN 3-928433-49-0.
  • Georg Peter Karn, Ulrike Weber, ed. (2006). Kulturdenkmäler in Rheinland-Pfalz. Denkmaltopographie Bundesrepublik Deutschland (in German). 13.2: Kreis Bad Dürkheim. Stadt Grünstadt, Verbandsgemeinden Freinsheim, Grünstadt-Land, Hettenleidelheim. Worms: Werner. ISBN 3-88462-215-3.