Gröna Lund (Swedish pronunciation: [²ɡrøːna ˈlɵnːd]; lit. "Green Grove"), or colloquially Grönan (Swedish pronunciation: [²ɡrøːnan]), is an amusement park in Stockholm, Sweden. It is on the seaward side of Djurgården Island. It is relatively small compared to other amusement parks, mainly because of its central location, which limits expansion. The 3.8 ha (9.4 acres) amusement park has over 30 attractions and is a popular venue for concerts in the summer. It was founded in 1883 by James Schultheiss.
Gröna Lund in July 2016
|Location||Djurgården, Stockholm, Sweden|
|Owner||Parks & Resorts Scandinavia AB|
|Operated by||Gröna Lunds Tivoli AB|
|Visitors per annum||1,510,000 (2016)|
Gröna Lund's roots are in the 1880s, making it Sweden's oldest amusement park. However the area has been used for similar purposes since the early 18th century. In 1883, a German by the name of Jacob Schultheiss rented the area to erect "carousels and other amusements". Until 2001, descendants of Schultheiss ran Gröna Lund. Before the amusement park came into being, Gröna Lund was the name of a small park.
The park's location is unique in the sense that most of the buildings are old residential and commercial structures from the 19th century. The buildings were not built for the park; instead, the park was built around the buildings. The park has three different entertainment venues: Dansbanan (Lilla Scenen), Gröna Lundsteatern and Stora Scenen.
Gröna Lund features most attractions common to amusement parks, such as a tunnel of love, a funhouse and seven roller coasters. Gröna Lund is also known for its rock and pop music concerts; the capacity record is held by Bob Marley, who attracted 32,000 people in 1980; it was his third performance at the venue, after stints in 1977 and 1978. The record is unbeatable since new regulations prevent such large audiences at Gröna Lund. American rapper Nas performed with almost 22,000 people in 2010.
The park is easily accessible by tram #7, bus #67 and by ferry from the city centre. Its central location allows visitors to view large parts of Stockholm from the taller attractions.
|Name||Type||Opening year||Manufacturer||Additional information|
|Nyckelpigan||steel-sit down||1976||Zierer||Reaches a speed of 26 km/h on a 60 m track and a height of 3 m. Tivoli small model, train 2x5.|
|Jetline||steel-sit down||1988||Anton Schwarzkopf||Reaches a speed of 90 km/h on an 800 m track and a height of 30 m, height limit 1,4m. Designed by Ing-Buro Stengel, train 2x7. Rebuilt in 2000 by Mauer Söhne.|
|Vilda Musen||steel-sit down||2003||Gerstlauer||Reaches a speed of 55 km/h on a 430 m track and a height of 21 m, height limit 1.1 m. Bobsled model, car 2+2.|
|Kvasten||Steel-inverted||2007||Vekoma||Reaches a speed of 55 km/h on a 400 m track and a height of 20 m, height limit 1.1 m. Suspended family coaster, train 2x10.|
|Insane||ZacSpin 1st generation||2009||Intamin||Reaches a speed of 60 km/h on a 250 m track and a height of 35 m, height limit 1.4 m. Zacspin ball coaster, winged car 2+2x4.|
|Tuff-Tuff Tåget||Steel-sit down||2010||Zamperla||Reaches a speed of 8 km/h on an 80 m track and a height of 3 m. Mini mouse model, train 2x8.|
|Twister||Wooden||2011||The Gravity Group||Reaches a speed of 61 km/h on a 480 m track and a height of 15 m, height limit 1.2 m, train 2x6.|
|Blue Harvest||Steel-inverted||2021||Bolliger & Mabillard||Will contain 4 inversions, will stand 34m tall will reach a top speed of 100 km/h.|
- Eclipse - 121.9 m tall swing ride, opened in 2013, height limit 1.2 m. Funtime.
- Blue Train - dark ride that opened in 1935, refurbished in 1982 and again in 2011. Magnus Sörman, Gosetto (2011 refurbishments).
- Chain Flyer - wave swinger, opened in 1997, height limit 1.1 m. Zierer.
- Extreme - giant spin, opened in 1999, moved in 2013, height limit 1.4 m. Mondial.
- Flying Carpet - carpet ride, opened in 1983; height limit 1.2 m. Zierer.
- Fritt Fall Tilt - 80 m tall tilting drop tower, opened in 1998, the "tilt " function introduced in 2004, height limit 1.4 m. Intamin.
- House of Nightmares - spooky haunted house, opened in 2015. Sally Corporation.
- Katapulten - 55 m tall launch tower; height limit 1,4m. S&S Worldwide.
- Kärlekstunneln - Old Mill (ride)
- Lantern - spinning tower ride, opened in 2008, height limit 1.1 m. Zierer.
- Octopus - octopus spinner, opened in 2000, height limit 1.1 m. Anton Schwarzkopf.
- Pop Expressen - breakdance spinner, opened in 1996; height limit 1.4 m. Huss.
- Radiobilen - bumper cars, opened in 1968, height limit 1.2 m. Reverchon.
- Rock Jet - rotator, opened in 1976, height limit none /1.1 m alone. Reverchon
- Ikaros - 95 m tall tilting tower opened in 2017, Known as a "Sky Jump" similar to Falcon's Fury at Busch Gardens Tampa. Intamin.
- Circus Carousel - merry go round, opened in 1883.
- Flying Elephants - fly the elephants ride, opened in 1983. Zamperla.
- Fun House - indoor obstacle house, opened in 1883. Gröna Lund, rebuilt in 1986 by Zierer
- Kuling - rocking tug, opened in 2005. Zamperla.
- Little Paris Wheel - mini Ferris wheel, opened in 1993. Zamperla.
- Mini Bumper Cars - kiddie bumper cars, opened in 2003. Bertazzon.
- Mirror House - classic mirror maze, opened in 1935.
- Pettson and Findus World - walkthrough and play area, opened in 2003. Gröna Lund.
- Tea Cups - spinning tea cups, opened in 2008. Mack Rides.
- Tunnel of Love - classic dark ride for kids, opened in 1917 and refurbished in 1986. Gröna Lund
- Veteran Cars - on track cars.
- Arcade Games - arcade games and test-your-skill games.
The park hosts various special events throughout the season, particularly music concerts. Famous Swedish musicians that have performed at Grona Lund include: ABBA (from Stockholm) in '73, Europe in '84, The Cardigans in '97, Robyn in '99, Caesars in '02, Dr. Alban in '03, A*Teens in '03, Icona Pop in '13, Tove Lo in '14, Meshuggah in '14, Basshunter in '15, Deep Purple in '16, Ghost in '17, and Zara Larsson in '17, Sting in '19,
- "Gröna Lund". Nationalencyklopedin (in Swedish). Retrieved 5 August 2010. (subscription required)
- "Global Attractions Attendance Report 2016" (PDF). teaconnect.org. Retrieved 21 April 2018.
- "Fogerty drog rekordpublik till Grönan" (PDF) (Press release) (in Swedish). Tivoli Gröna Lund. 2 July 2010. Archived from the original (PDF) on 10 June 2011. Retrieved 5 August 2010.