Gowa Regency

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Gowa (Makassar language : ᨁᨚᨓ) is a regency in the province of South Sulawesi, Indonesia. It has an area of 1,883.33 km² and a population of 652,329 at the 2010 Census,[2] increasing to 765,836 at the 2020 Census.[3] The majority of the Regency (the western eleven districts, with 609,447 inhabitants, or 79.6% of the regency's population in 2020) lies within the official metropolitan area of the city of Makassar, including the regency's administrative capital at Sungguminasa. The hill resort of Malino is within the eastern (non-metropolitan) part of the regency.

Gowa Regency
Kabupaten Gowa
ᨀᨅᨘᨄᨈᨙ ᨁᨚᨓ
Lontara script.jpg
Malino.JPG
Balla' Lompoa Museum.jpg
Benteng.JPG
Clockwise from top :
Lontara' Script in Balla Lompoa, Tamalate Palace, The Twin Bridge and Jeneberang River, Syech Yusuf Great Mosque, Fort Somba Opu, Malino Town City of Flower
Official seal of Gowa Regency
Nickname(s): 
Butta' Gowa
Motto(s): 
Ewako Gowa! Slogan: Gowa Bersejarah
Clean, prosperous, neat, safe, and green.
Location within South Sulawesi
Location within South Sulawesi
Gowa Regency is located in Sulawesi
Gowa Regency
Gowa Regency
Location in Sulawesi
Coordinates: 5°19′3″S 119°44′23″E / 5.31750°S 119.73972°E / -5.31750; 119.73972
Country Indonesia
ProvinceCoat of arms of South Sulawesi.svg South Sulawesi
Founded17 November 1320
CapitalSungguminasa
Government
 • RegentAdnan Purichta Ichsan Yasin Limpo
Area
 • Total1,883.33 km2 (727.16 sq mi)
Population
 (2020 Census)[1]
 • Total765,836
 • Density410/km2 (1,100/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+8 (WITA)
WebsiteOfficial Website of the Government of Gowa Regency

HistoryEdit

See Early history of Gowa and Talloq and the Sultanate of Gowa

GeographyEdit

Gowa is located at 12°38.16'E Longitude of Jakarta and 5°33.6'E longitude of the North Pole. While the location of the region his administration between, 12°33.19 'to 13°15:17'E longitude and 5°5' to 5°34.7'S latitude of Jakarta.

The Regency is located in the southern part of South Sulawesi province, and is bordered to the north by the city of Makassar and Maros Regency, to the east by Sinjai Regency, Bulukumba Regency and Bantaeng, to the south by Takalar and Jeneponto Regencies, and to the west by the city of Makassar and Takalar Regency.

The total area is 1,883.33 km2, equal to 3.01% of the area of South Sulawesi province. Gowa regency is divided into eighteen districts, comprising 167 villages and 726 hamlets.

The Bili-Bili Dam, located about 30 km from Makassar, was completed in 1998.[4]

Administrative districtsEdit

The regency is divided into eighteen districts (kecamatan), tabulated below with their areas and their populations at the 2010 Census[5] and 2020 Census.[6] The table also includes the number of administrative villages (rural desa and urban kelurahan) in each district, and its post code.

Location Name Area
in km2
Pop'n
Census
2010
Pop'n
Census
2020
Density
(/km2)
2020
Number
of
villages
Post
code
  Bontonompo 30.39 39,295 44,998 1,481 14 92153
  Bontonompo Selatan
(South Bontonompo)
29.24 28,471 32,118 1,098 9 92154
  Bajeng 60.09 62,334 72,066 1,199 14 92152
  Bajeng Barat
(West Bajeng)
19.04 22,918 26,639 1,399 7 92151
  Pallangga 48.24 98,721 127,837 2,650 16 92161
  Barombong 20.67 34,527 45,192 2,186 7 90225
  Somba Opu 28.09 130,287 156,108 5,557 14 92111
-92119
  Bontomarannu 52.63 31,250 41,016 779 9 92171
  Pattallassang 84.96 21,881 30,254 356 8 92172
  Parangloe 221.26 16,564 18,628 84 7 92179
  Manuju 91.90 14,093 14,591 159 7 92173
  Tinggimoncong 142.87 22,138 23,332 163 7 92178
  Tombolo Pao 251.82 26,876 29,779 118 9 92170
  Parigi 132.76 13,089 13,289 100 5 92174
  Bungaya 175.53 15,847 16,742 95 7 92177
  Bontolempangan 142.46 13,332 14,781 104 8 92176
  Tompobulu 132.54 28,971 28,393 214 8 92175
  Biringbulu 218.84 32,347 30,073 137 11 90244
Gowa Regency 1,883.33 652,941 765,836 407 167
of which the part within the metropolitan area 686.51 500,341 609,447 888 112

The first eleven of the eighteen districts tabulated above lie within the official metropolitan area of the city of Makassar; the remaining seven districts lie outside that area.

EconomyEdit

MiningEdit

Mineral deposits, group C along the Watershed (DAS) Jenebarang, such as sand, stone and gravel hereditary able to provide for the surrounding population. The contribution of this sector in economic activity in 2000 amounting to Rp.105,4 billion, or 9.13 percent, but the contribution of this sector to the Regency Government's treasury is significant.

In fiscal year 2001, the district government is targeting Rp. 2.03 billion of tax excavated material to fill a class C revenue (PAD). Quarrying activities is quite large because in addition to the availability of material from the DAS, there is also a mountain stone and clay. The trucks are passing transporting this material along protocol roads connecting with Gowa Makassar.

Excavated material is capable of providing for cash receipts, Gowa regency. Pos dominates income tax up to 65 percent in the 2001 fiscal year revenue in the amount of Rp. 3.11 billion.

AgricultureEdit

Gowa real potential is agriculture. The main job of the regencies in 2000 per capita income of Rp. 2.09 million are farming, with food crops sub-sector as the mainstay. The agricultural sector contributed 45 percent or Rp. 515.2 billion.

 
Rice Field in Parigi, Gowa Regency, South Sulawesi

Paddy fields were less than 20 percent (3,640 hectares) of the total land area of the regency is able to provide sufficient results. Production of various agricultural crops such as rice and other crops, horticultural crops to be excellent.

Sub-districts in the highlands like Parangloe, Bungaya and especially Tinggimoncong a vegetable producing center. The most widely cultivated vegetables are potatoes, cabbage, mustard, onion and beans. Per year, the harvest of vegetables exceed 5,000 tons. Vegetables of Gowa Makassar city is able to meet the market and its surroundings, even to the island of Borneo and the Maluku through the port of Pare Pare and Port Mamuju.

In addition to farming vegetables that have a short growing season, farmers Gowa also many who farm crops longevity. One of them is the passion fruit plants (Fassifora sp). Visited Makassar less afdol feel if not bring fruit or juice passion fruit syrup hands. If we look at the views of the airport or the port, most of the passengers who will leave Makassar bring this fresh flavorful juice. Plants from the mainland of South America is synonymous with South Sulawesi. Kanreapia Village, District Tinggimoncong is one of passion fruit producing areas in Gowa. Unfortunately, passion fruit sour taste of the fruit is sweet and capable of moving a small food and beverage industry is now beginning farmers less desirable. Planting of passion is not easy, except for the long cropping period and require special care, such as high surface soil, fertilizers and drugs are quite expensive.

Furthermore, the price of passion fruit is also unstable and likely to continue to decline. These vines have one harvests per year (November to January) with a production of about 300,000 fruit per hectare. If the price at the time of harvest, one kilo (approximately 25 pieces) only Rp. 500,- up to Rp. 800,-[citation needed] so that farmers only received Rp 6.0 million to Rp 9.6 million per hectare. This situation drives the passion fruit planting area continued to decline. In 1996 there were 1,241 hectares with a production of 21,861 tonnes. Four years later planting area into 854 hectares with a production of 7,189 tons. Many farmers to switch crops from passion fruit to vegetables for more

Sights and tourismEdit

One of the most important sights is Fortress Samba Opu (Benteng Samba Opu) in the town of Sunggumninasa. A part of the walls including a round tower are just being restored. The strongest wall with a thickness of seven metres was built in the west towards the sea as Sultan Hasanuddin feared an attack from this direction.[7] Weapons, coins, traditional clothings etc. are on display in a museum in the middle of the fortress. Various houses in the traditional styles of eleven different peoples of southern Sulawesi were built in the fortress.

Parangloe Tiered WaterfallEdit

Parangloe Tiered Waterfall is located in Parangloe district, 42 kilometers east of Makassar with severely damaged road and then 1.5 kilometers in a half hour walk.[8]


ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Badan Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2021.
  2. ^ 2010 Indonesian Census
  3. ^ Badan Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2021.
  4. ^ Andi Hajramurni (2010-05-21). "Makassar dam threatened by sediment, experts say". The Jakarta Post. Retrieved 2014-07-25.
  5. ^ Biro Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2011.
  6. ^ Badan Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2021.
  7. ^ Nurul Noe: Makassar dan sekitarnya, p.28. Jakarta 2014
  8. ^ "The Tempting Parangloe Waterfall". September 17, 2014.

Coordinates: 5°20′S 119°40′E / 5.333°S 119.667°E / -5.333; 119.667