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List of heads of state of Tanzania

  (Redirected from Governor-General of Tanganyika)

This is a list of the heads of state of Tanzania, from the independence of Tanganyika in 1961 to the present day.

From 1961 to 1962 the head of state under the Tanganyika Independence Act 1961 was the Queen of Tanganyika, Elizabeth II, who was also the Monarch of the United Kingdom and the other Commonwealth realms. The Monarch was represented in Tanganyika by a Governor-General. Tanganyika became a republic under the Constitution of 1962 and the Monarch and Governor-General were replaced by an executive President. After the Zanzibar Revolution in 1964, the People's Republic of Zanzibar and Pemba united with mainland Tanganyika to form the United Republic of Tanganyika and Zanzibar, which was later renamed to the United Republic of Tanzania.

Monarch (1961–1962)Edit

The succession to the throne was the same as the succession to the British throne.

Monarch
(Birth–Death)
Portrait Reign Royal House Prime Minister(s)
Reign start Reign end Time in office
1 Queen Elizabeth II
(1926–)
  9 December 1961 9 December 1962 1 year Windsor Nyerere
Kawawa

Governor-GeneralEdit

The Governor-General was the representative of the Monarch in Tanganyika and exercised most of the powers of the Monarch. The Governor-General was appointed for an indefinite term, serving at the pleasure of the Monarch. After the passage of the Statute of Westminster 1931, the Governor-General was appointed solely on the advice of the Cabinet of Tanganyika without the involvement of the British government. In the event of a vacancy the Chief Justice served as Officer Administering the Government.

Status
  Denotes Chief Justice acting as Officer Administering the Government
Governor-General
(Birth–Death)
Portrait Tenure Monarch Prime Minister(s)
Took office Left office Time in office
1 Sir Richard Turnbull
(1909–1998)
  9 December 1961 9 December 1962 1 year Elizabeth II Nyerere
Kawawa

President of TanganyikaEdit

Under the 1962 Constitution, the first constitution of the Republic of Tanganyika, the President replaced the Monarch as executive head of state. In the event of a vacancy the Speaker of the National Assembly served as Acting President.

Status
  Denotes Speaker of the National Assembly acting as President
President
(Birth–Death)
Portrait Tenure Elected Political affiliation
(at time of appointment)
Took office Left office Time in office
1 Julius Nyerere
(1922–1999)
  9 December 1962 29 October 1964 1 year,

324 days

1962 Tanganyika African National Union

President of TanzaniaEdit

Under the 1964 Constitution, the first constitution of the United Republic of Tanzania, the President replaced the President of Tanganyika and the President of Zanzibar as executive head of state. The President was elected by a yes-or-no confirmation referendum for a five-year term after being nominated by a TANU/CCM electoral college. Following the restoration of multi-party system in 1992, multi-candidate elections were introduced in 1995. In the event of a vacancy the Vice-President serves as Acting President.

President John Magufuli takes a monthly salary of 9 million Tanzanian shillings (approximately USD $4,000).[1]

Status
  Denotes Vice-President acting as President
President
(Birth–Death)
Portrait Tenure Elected Political affiliation
(at time of appointment)
Prime Minister(s)
Took office Left office Time in office
1 Julius Nyerere
(1922–1999)
  1 November 1964 5 November 1985 21 years,

4 days

1965
1970
1975
Tanganyika African National Union Kawawa
1980 Chama Cha Mapinduzi [2] Kawawa
Sokoine
Msuya
Sokoine
Salim
2 Ali Hassan Mwinyi
(1925–)
  5 November 1985 23 November 1995 10 years,

18 days

1985
1990
Chama Cha Mapinduzi Warioba
Malecela
Msuya
3 Benjamin Mkapa
(1938–)
  23 November 1995 21 December 2005 10 years,

28 days

1995
2000
Chama Cha Mapinduzi Msuya
Sumaye
4 Jakaya Kikwete
(1950–)
  21 December 2005 5 November 2015 9 years,

319 days

2005
2010
Chama Cha Mapinduzi Sumaye
Lowassa
Pinda
5 John Magufuli
(1959–)
  5 November 2015 Incumbent 3 years,

240 days

2015 Chama Cha Mapinduzi Majaliwa

StandardsEdit

Living former heads of stateEdit

There are five living former Tanzanian Heads of State, the fifth head of state data is yet to be imported to this wikipedia page for data reconciliation:

Image Name Term/Reign Office Date of birth
  Elizabeth II 1961–1962 Queen of Tanganyika (1926-04-21) 21 April 1926 (age 93)
  Ali Hassan Mwinyi 1985–1995 President of Tanzania (1925-05-08) 8 May 1925 (age 94)
  Benjamin Mkapa 1995–2005 President of Tanzania (1938-11-12) 12 November 1938 (age 80)
  Jakaya Kikwete 2005–2015 President of Tanzania (1950-10-07) 7 October 1950 (age 69)

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Mohamed, Hamza (4 October 2017). "Tanzanian president earns $4,008 a month". Al Jazeera. Retrieved 25 April 2018.
  2. ^ Founded on 5 February 1977.

External linksEdit