Politics of the Faroe Islands
The politics of the Faroe Islands a "constituent country" (Danish: land) of the Kingdom of Denmark, function within the framework of a parliamentary representative democratic dependency, whereby the Prime Minister of the Faroe Islands is the head of government, and of a multi-party system. The Faroe Islands are politically associated with the Kingdom of Denmark, but have been self-governing since 1948. Executive power is exercised by the government. Legislative power is vested in both the government and the Løgting. The judiciary is independent of the executive and the legislature and the responsibility of Denmark. As of October 25, 2007, the Faroe Islands became one electoral district.
|Queen||Margarethe II of Denmark||14 January 1972|
|High Commissioner||Dan M. Knudsen||January 1, 2008|
|Prime Minister||Aksel V. Johannesen||Social Democratic Party||September 15, 2015|
The high commissioner is appointed by the Queen of Denmark. The High Commissioner has a seat in the Løgting, he or she is allowed to speak in the Løgting regarding common Danish/Faroese affairs, but he or she is not allowed to vote. Following legislative elections, the leader of the party that wins the most seats is usually given the initiative to establish a new coalition by the Faroese Parliament, unless the current Løgmaður (Prime Minister in English) is still in power. However, if he or she fails, the Chairman of the parliament asks all chairmen of the parties elected to the parliament, and asks them to point to another chairman who they feel can rightly form a new coalition. The chairman with the most votes is then handed the initiative. After forming the coalition, the løgmaður leads the landsstýri. The landsstýri will often consist of around 7 members. The coalition parties divide the various ministries among themselves and after this, the parties elect their representative to these ministries. Any other member of the cabinet is called a landsstýrismaður if the person is a man, or landsstýriskvinna if the person is a woman. The word ráðharri is also used for a member of the cabinet, i.e. mentamálaráðharri (minister of culture) or heilsumálaráðharri (minister of health).
Following the 2015 Faroese general election, a new government, consisting of three parties (Social Democratic Party, Republic, and Progress) under Prime Minister Aksel V. Johannesen, is formed with the Ministry of Internal Affairs re-established and a number of cabinet positions consolidated.
|Prime Minister||Aksel V. Johannesen||JF||15 September 2015|
|Deputy Prime Minister||Høgni Hoydal||E||15 September 2015|
|Ministry of Finance||Kristina Háfoss||E||15 September 2015|
|Ministry of Health||Sirið Stenberg||E||15 September 2015|
|Ministry of Education, Research and Culture||Rigmor Dam||JF||15 September 2015|
|Ministry of Internal Affairs||Henrik Old||JF||15 September 2015|
|Ministry of Fisheries||Høgni Hoydal||E||15 September 2015|
|Ministry of Business and Foreign Affairs||Poul Michelsen||F||15 September 2015|
|Ministry of Social Affairs||Eyðgunn Samuelsen||JF||15 September 2015|
Election of 2 seats to the Danish Parliament was last held on June 18, 2015: Social Democrats 1, Republic 1.
Political parties and electionsEdit
The Faroe Islands have a multi-party system (disputing on independence and unionism as well as left and right), with numerous parties in which no one party often has a chance of gaining power alone, and parties must work with each other to form coalition governments. The Faroese Parliament (Løgting) has 33 seats. Members are elected by popular vote to serve four-year terms. For the Løgting elections there were seven electoral districts, each one comprehending asýslur, while Streymoy is divided in a northern and southern part (Tórshavn region), but since 2008, the Faroes constitute a single district.
|Social Democratic Party (Javnaðarflokkurin)||8,093||+2,665||25.1||+7.3||8||+2|
|People's Party (Fólkaflokkurin)||6,102||-781||18.9||-3.6||6||-2|
|Union Party (Sambandsflokkurin)||6,046||-1,500||18.7||-5.9||6||-2|
|Centre Party (Miðflokkurin)||1,779||−104||5.5||−0.7||2||±0|
|New Self-Government (Nýtt Sjálvstýri)||1,305||+15||4.1||−0.2||2||+1|
|Totals (electorate: 36,458; turnout 88.8% )||32,374||+1,822|
|Source: KVF (turnout includes 'void' votes; the 117 void votes, 76 were blank and 41 invalid.)|
Traditionally, there are also the 6 sýslur (Norðoyar, Eysturoy, Streymoy, Vágar, Sandoy and Suðuroy). Sýsla means district and although it is only a police district today, it is still commonly understood as a geographical region. In earlier times, each sýsla had its own ting, the so-called várting (spring ting).
The nation continues to be intimately tied with the Nordic countries of Europe and the European Union.
Along with diplomatic missions to Iceland, the Court of St. James's (United Kingdom), Russia and the European Union, the Faroe Islands participate in the Nordic Council, NIB, International Maritime Organization, International Whaling Commission (Complete list of participation of the Faroe Islands in international organisations).
- Debes, Hans Jacob. 1988. "Reflections on the Position, Participation and Co-Operation of Small Nations in International Politics Case The Faroe Islands". Nordic Journal of International Law. —. 573: 365–368.
- Mfa.fo, Prime Minister's Office, Government
- Stm.dk, the website of the High Commissioner of the Faroe Islands, as part of the Danish Prime Minister's Office
- Logting.elektron.fo, 5 Uppskot til løgtingslóg um broyting í løgtingslóg um val til Føroya Løgting (in Faroese)
- Sudurras.fo, Allar kommunur í Føroyum savnaðar í eitt kommunufelag Archived 2014-01-02 at the Wayback Machine
- Missions of the Faroes abroad, government.fo (without date).