Open main menu

Wikipedia β

The Government of West Bengal also known as the State Government of West Bengal, or locally as State Government, is the supreme governing authority of the Indian state of West Bengal and its 23 districts.[3] It consists of an executive, led by the Governor of West Bengal, a judiciary and a legislative.

Government of West Bengal
West Bengal State Emblem.jpg
Seat of Government Kolkata
Governor Keshari Nath Tripathi[1]
Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee[1]
Speaker Biman Bandopadhdhay[2]
Members in Assembly 295
High Court Calcutta High Court
Chief Justice Jyotirmay Bhattacharya (Acting)

Like other states in India, the head of state of West Bengal is the Governor, appointed by the President of India on the advice of the Central government. His or her post is largely ceremonial. The Chief Minister is the head of government and is vested with most of the executive powers. Kolkata is the capital of West Bengal, and houses the Vidhan Sabha (Legislative Assembly). The secretariat is located in Howrah, in the Nabanna building. The Calcutta High Court is located in Kolkata, which has jurisdiction over the whole of West Bengal and the Andaman and Nicobar Islands.

The present Legislative Assembly of West Bengal is unicameral, consisting of 295 Member of the Legislative Assembly (M.L.A)[4] including one nominated from the Anglo-Indian community. Its term is 5 years, unless sooner dissolved.



On 18 January 1862, under the Indian Councils Act of 1861, a 12-member Legislative Council for Bengal was founded by the Governor-General of India with the Lt Governor of Bengal and some nominated members.. The strength of this council was gradually increased by subsequent acts. Under the Indian Councils Act of 1892, the maximum strength of the council was increased to 20 members out of which seven members were to be elected. After the Indian Councils Act of 1909 the number raised to 50 members.[4]

Council of Ministers[5]Edit



  1. ^ a b "West Bengal Assembly". West Bengal Government. Retrieved 5 October 2012. 
  2. ^ "Protests in Bengal Assembly over atrocities on women". The Hindu. Retrieved 5 October 2012. 
  3. ^ "West Bengal (state)". Indian Government. Retrieved 25 June 2014. 
  4. ^ a b "The Parliament of West Bengal, India". Retrieved 5 October 2012. 
  5. ^ "List of Ministers in Mamata's cabinet". 27 May 2016 – via The Hindu. 


External linksEdit