Government of Amsterdam

The Government of Amsterdam consists of several territorial and functional forms of local and regional government. The principal form of government is the municipality of Amsterdam, Netherlands. The municipality's territory covers the city of Amsterdam as well as a number of small towns. The city of Amsterdam is also part of several functional forms of regional government. These include the Waterschap (water board) of Amstel, Gooi en Vecht, which is responsible for water management, and the Stadsregio (City Region) of Amsterdam, which has responsibilities in the areas of spatial planning and public transport.

The municipality of Amsterdam borders the municipalities of Diemen, Abcoude, Ouder-Amstel and Amstelveen in the south, Haarlemmermeer and Haarlemmerliede en Spaarnwoude in the west, and Zaanstad, Oostzaan, Landsmeer and Waterland in the north.

Municipal governmentEdit

Femke Halsema, mayor of Amsterdam since 2018.
Amsterdam City Council

Gemeenteraad van Amsterdam
Last election
Next election
Meeting place
Amsterdam City Hall, located at Amstel 1 (Stopera building)

The city of Amsterdam is a municipality under the Dutch Municipalities Act. It is governed by a municipal council (gemeenteraad, also known as 'city council', the principal legislative authority), a municipal executive board (college van burgemeester en wethouders), and a mayor (burgemeester). The mayor is both a member of the municipal executive board and an individual authority with a number of statutory responsibilities, mainly in the area of maintaining public order. The municipal council has 45 seats. Its members are elected for a four-year term through citywide elections on the basis of proportional representation.[1] Under the Municipalities Act, the mayor is appointed for a six-year term by the national government upon nomination by the municipal council. The other members of the executive board (wethouders, or 'alderpersons') are appointed directly by the municipal council, but may be dismissed at any time after a no-confidence vote in the council. Because of this parliamentary system, the alderpersons are not appointed until a governing majority in the council has reached a coalition agreement following council elections.

In July 2010, Eberhard van der Laan (Labour Party) was appointed mayor of Amsterdam by the national government for a six-year term after being nominated by the Amsterdam municipal council.[2] After the 2014 municipal council elections, a governing majority of D66, VVD and SP was formed - the first coalition without the Labour Party since World War II.[3] Next to the mayor, the municipal executive board consists of eight wethouders ('alderpersons') appointed by the municipal council: four D66 alderpersons, two VVD alderpersons and two SP alderpersons.[4]

Municipal Government 2006–2010Edit

After the 2006 municipal elections a coalition was formed between PvdA and GroenLinks, with a majority of 27 out of 45. These elections saw a political landslide throughout the country, with a strong shift to the left, of which Amsterdam was a prime example. The much talked about all-left-wing coalition of PvdA, GroenLinks and SP that polls indicate would become possible after the national elections of 2006 and that was such a political success in Nijmegen had its largest majority in Amsterdam, apart from some small towns. PvdA even needed only 3 more seats to form a coalition and could thus take its pick, which forced potential coalition partners to give in on a lot of issues. In the case of GroenLinks, this was mostly the policy of preventive searching by the police, which they were opposed to but had to allow.

In total, 24 parties took part in the elections, including 11 new ones, but only 7 got seats.

Municipal Executives
Name Portfolio Party
Job Cohen mayor
Safety & Internal Affairs
Lodewijk Asscher vice-mayor
Finance & Economy
Freek Ossel[5] Education & Income PvdA
Carolien Gehrels Culture & Recreation PvdA
Hans Gerson[6] Transport & Housing PvdA
Maarten van Poelgeest Spatial Planning GL
Marijke Vos Environment & Health GL
Municipal Council
Party seats change
Labour Party 20   5
VVD 8   1
GreenLeft 7   1
Socialist Party 6   2
Christian Democratic Appeal 2   2
Democrats 66 2   1
AA/De Groenen 0   1
Mokum Mobiel 0   1
Total 45 -

Municipal Government 2010–2014Edit

Dutch municipal elections, 2010:

Municipal Executives
Name Portfolio Party
Eberhard van der Laan mayor
Safety & Internal Affairs
Pieter Hilhorst[7] vice-mayor
Finance & Education
Freek Ossel Housing PvdA
Carolien Gehrels Economy & Culture PvdA
Eric van der Burg Health & Schiphol VVD
Eric Wiebes Transport VVD
Maarten van Poelgeest Spatial Planning GL
Andrée van Es Income GL
Municipal Council
Party seats change
Labour Party 15   5
VVD 8   0
GreenLeft 7   0
Democrats 66 7   5
Socialist Party 3   3
Christian Democratic Appeal 2   0
Save Amsterdam 1   1
Proud of the Netherlands 1   1
Party for the Animals 1   1
Total 45 -

Municipal Government 2014–2018Edit

Dutch municipal elections, 2014:

Municipal Executives
Name Portfolio Party
Eberhard van der Laan mayor
Safety, Internal Affairs & Finance
Kajsa Ollongren vice-mayor
Amsterdam-Centrum, Economy, Port, Schiphol & Culture
Udo Kock Amsterdam-West, Finance & Water Resource Management D66
Simone Kukenheim Amsterdam-Oost, Education & Integration D66
Abdeluheb Choho Public Space, Climate & ICT D66
Eric van der Burg Amsterdam-Zuid, Health, Sport & Spatial Planning VVD
Pieter Litjens Amsterdam-Zuidoost, Transport & Real Estate VVD
Laurens Ivens Amsterdam-Noord, Housing & Animal Welfare SP
Arjan Vliegenthart Amsterdam Nieuw-West, Labour, Income & Poverty SP
Municipal Council
Party seats change
Democrats 66 14   7
Labour Party 10   5
VVD 6   2
GreenLeft 6   1
Socialist Party 6   3
Christian Democratic Appeal 1   1
Party for the Animals 1   0
Party for the Senior Citizens 1   1
Save Amsterdam 0   1
Proud of the Netherlands 0   1
Total 45 -

Municipal Government 2018–2022Edit

Dutch municipal elections, 2018:

Municipal Executives
Name Portfolio Party
Femke Halsema Mayor of Amsterdam
General Affairs, Safety, Legal Affairs, & Communications
Marieke van Doorninck Spatial Development, & Sustainability GL
Rutger Groot Wassink Social Affairs, Democratization, & Diversity GL
Touria Meliani Arts and Culture, & Digital City GL
Sharon Dijksma Traffic and Transport, Water, & Air quality PvdA
Marjolein Moorman Education, Poverty, & Civic Integration PvdA
Udo Kock Finance, Economic Affairs, & Zuidas D66
Simone Kukenheim Care, Youth, Education and Training, & Sport D66
Laurens Ivens Housing, Construction, & Public Space SP
Party Votes % +/ Seats +/
GreenLeft GL 70,880 20.4 +9.6 10 +4
Democrats 66 D66 55,724 16.1 −10.7 8 −6
People's Party for Freedom and Democracy VVD 39,702 11.4 +0.2 6 +0
Labour Party PvdA 37,181 10.7 −7.7 5 −5
Socialist Party SP 26,070 7.5 −3.7 3 −3
Party for the Animals PvdD 24,672 7.1 +4.3 3 +2
Denk DENK 23,138 6.7 New 3 New
Forum for Democracy FvD 20,015 5.8 New 3 New
Christian Democratic Appeal CDA 11,991 3.5 +0.7 1 +0
Party for the Elderly PvdO 7,752 2.2 +0.1 1 +0
Christian Union CU 6,837 2.0 +0.2 1 +1
Amsterdam Bij1 BIJ1 6,571 1.9 New 1 New
Pirate Party Amsterdam PPNL 4,459 1.3 −0.5 0 +0
50PLUS 50+ 4,233 1.2 New 0 New
Other 7,923 2.3 0
Total valid votes 347,148 100 45
Invalid/blank votes 4,511 1.3
Total & turnout 351,659 51.2 +1.9
Source: Verkiezingsuitslagen

Municipal Government 2022–presentEdit

Municipal Executives
Name Portfolio Party
Femke Halsema Mayor of Amsterdam
General Affairs, Safety, Legal Affairs, & Communications
Marjolein Moorman Education, Poverty, Civic Integration, Masterplan Zuidoost PvdA
Sofyan Mbarki Economic Affairs, Sport & Recreation, MBO Agenda, Vocational Education & Labour Market Integration, Youth Work, Inner City Affairs PvdA
Hester van Buren Finance, Personnel & Organisation, Coordination of operations, Services, Air and Sea Port, Coordination of purchasing PvdA
Rutger Groot Wassink Social Affairs, Shelter, Municipal Holdings, Democratization, Development Plan Nieuw-West GL
Zita Pels Sustainability & Circular Economy, Public Housing GL
Touria Meliani Arts and Culture, Monuments & Heritage, Events, Inclusion and Antidiscrimination policy GL
Reinier van Dantzig Housing construction, Land & Development, Spatial Planning D66
Melanie van der Horst Traffic, transport & air quality, Public Space & Green, Water, Development Plan Amsterdam-Noord) D66
Shula Rijxman Care & social development, Public Health & Prevention, ICT and Digital City, Local Media, Participations D66

Labour Party57,09317.579+4
Democrats 6644,73213.777–1
People's Party for Freedom and Democracy34,18010.525–1
Amsterdam BIJ122,6236.963+2
Party for the Animals22,0316.7830
Socialist Party14,0364.322–1
Christian Democratic Appeal8,2702.5510
Forum for Democracy6,6882.061–2
Other parties26,3478.110–2
Valid votes324,86999.11
Invalid/blank votes2,9240.89
Total votes327,793100.00
Registered voters/turnout703,71446.58
Source: Kiesraad


Eight boroughs of Amsterdam.

Unlike most other Dutch municipalities, Amsterdam is subdivided into eight boroughs (stadsdelen or 'districts'), a system that was implemented in the 1980s and significantly reformed in 2014. Before 2014, the boroughs were responsible for many activities that previously had been run by the central city. The idea was to bring the government closer to the people. All of these had their own district council (deelraad), chosen by a popular election. Local decisions were made at borough level, and only affairs pertaining the whole city (like major infrastructural projects), were delegated to the central city council. As of 2014, the powers of the boroughs have been significantly reduced, although they still have an elected council called bestuurscommissie ('district committee').

The boroughs are:

The eighth, Westpoort, covers the western harbour area of Amsterdam. Because it has very few inhabitants it is governed by the central municipal council.


The mayor of Amsterdam is the head of the city council. The current mayor is Femke Halsema. The mayors since World War II are:

Population centersEdit

Amsterdam, Driemond, Durgerdam, Holysloot, 't Nopeind, Osdorp, Ransdorp, Sloten, Sloterdijk, Zunderdorp.

International cooperationEdit


  1. ^ "City Council & college of Alderpersons". Archived from the original on 2014-08-19. Retrieved 2014-08-14.
  2. ^ "Eberhard van der Laan to be Amsterdam's new mayor". June 24, 2010. Retrieved August 13, 2014.
  3. ^ Britt Slegers (Jun 12, 2014). "Three-party coalition in Amsterdam". NL Times. Retrieved Aug 13, 2014.
  4. ^ "College van burgemeester en wethouders" (in Dutch). City of Amsterdam. Retrieved 2014-08-13.
  5. ^ Replaced Hennah Buyne [nl] since March/April 2008. Buyne replaced Ahmed Aboutaleb since March 14, 2007.
  6. ^ Replaced Tjeerd Herrema [nl] since April 1, 2009.
  7. ^ Replaced Lodewijk Asscher since November 28, 2012.
  8. ^ a b "Bureau Internationale Betrekkingen". Bureau Internationale Betrekkingen, City of Amsterdam. Archived from the original on 2006-12-06. Retrieved 2007-04-05.

External linksEdit

52°22′N 4°53′E / 52.367°N 4.883°E / 52.367; 4.883