Government House, Minsk
The Government House or House of Government (Belarusian: Дом урада, Russian: Дом правительства) is a government building in Minsk located on Independence Square. It houses the National Assembly of Belarus and its two chambers: the Council of the Republic and the House of Representatives (located in the right wing). The National Assembly is one of the highest organs of national power and symbolism in the country. It was built in 1934 and designed by Iosif Langbard. It stands behind a statue of Vladimir Lenin and is one of the few buildings that survived the Great Patriotic War.
|Location||Independence Square, Minsk|
|Current tenants||Roman Golovchenko as Prime Minister of Belarus|
|Owner||Government of Belarus|
|Design and construction|
The Government House was built between 1930 and 1934, becoming a vivid example of the constructivism architectural style as the largest public building of the pre-war Byelorussian SSR. In 1929, a competition for design of a new government workplace in Minsk took place, with the winner being Iosif Langbard, a native of the Grodno Region. The building was part of a project led by Langbard in that area which included a square (now known as Independence Square) used for civil/military parades on public holidays and a central grandstand for party leaders. He won the honorary title of Honored Artist of the Byelorussian SSR as a result of his work. Busts of Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels were sculpted and installed on the sides of the stairs leading to the premises of the Supreme Soviet. At the request of Langbard, a statue to Russian statesman and revolutionary Vladimir Lenin was erected in front of the house and the square, becoming the tallest of its kind in the entire USSR. During the occupation of Minsk by Nazi Germany during the Second World War, the headquarters of the local Gestapo was housed at Government House. The monument to Lenin was also overthrown, leaving only a pedestal with bas-reliefs. In 1945, the monument was restored after Victory in Europe Day.
Events held at Government HouseEdit
First presidential inaugurationEdit
The first presidential inauguration was held in the halls of Government House, on 20 July 1994, exactly ten days after the 1994 Belarusian presidential election in which Alexander Lukashenko was declared president. A special meeting of the Supreme Soviet was held in the building Oval Hall of Parliament, where the Pahonia flag and coat of arms hanging in front of all. At exactly 10:00 in the morning, the ceremony began, with Lukashenko first taking oath of loyalty before delivering a short speech in Russian.
State of the NationEdit
The State of the Nation Address is an annual speech given by the Belarusian President to both houses of parliament outline the state of the Belarusian republic, similar to the American State of the Union speech.
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