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Gottfried Böhm (born January 23, 1920) is a German architect and sculptor. His reputation is based on creating highly sculptural buildings made of concrete, steel, and glass. Böhm's first independent building was the Cologne chapel "Madonna in the rubble"; his most important building is the Nevigeser Wallfahrtsdom.

Gottfried Böhm
Gottfried Böhm 2015.jpg
Gottfried Böhm in 2015
Born (1920-01-23) January 23, 1920 (age 99)
OccupationArchitect
AwardsPritzker Prize
BuildingsNeviges Pilgrimage Church, Velbert
Bensberg City Hall
Böhm's 1968 Iglesia Youth Center Library, Cologne.
Böhm's pilgrimage church, Velbert (then Neviges).

The most recent completed construction under Böhm's participation is the Hans Otto Theater in Potsdam (2006). In 1986 he became the first German architect to be awarded the prestigious Pritzker Prize.

Life and careerEdit

Böhm was born into a family of architects in Offenbach, Hessen. His father, Dominikus Böhm, was renowned for having built numerous churches throughout Germany. His grandfather was also an architect. After graduating from Technical University of Munich in 1946, he studied sculpture at a nearby fine-arts academy. Böhm later integrated his skills in clay model making, which he learned during this time, into his design process.[1]

After graduating in 1947, Böhm worked for his father until the latter's death in 1955 and later taking over the firm. During this period, he also worked with the "Society for the Reconstruction of Cologne" under Rudolf Schwarz. In 1951 he travelled to New York City, where he worked for six months in the architectural firm of Cajetan Baumann. While traveling in America he met two of his greatest inspirations, German architects Ludwig Mies van der Rohe and Walter Gropius.

In the following decades Böhm constructed many buildings around Germany, including churches, museums, civic centers, office buildings, homes, and apartments. He has been considered to be both an expressionist and post-Bauhaus architect, but he prefers to define himself as an architect who creates "connections" between the past and the future, between the world of ideas and the physical world, between a building and its urban surroundings. In this vein, Böhm always envisions the color, form, and materials of a building in relationship with its setting. His earlier projects were done mostly in molded concrete, but more recently he has begun using more steel and glass in his buildings, due to the technical advancements in both materials. His concern for urban planning is evident in many of his projects, again showing his concern for "connections".

Böhm was married to Elizabeth Haggenmüller, also an architect, whom he met in 1948 while studying in Munich 1948. She assisted him in several of his projects, working mainly on interior designs.[2] They have four sons, three of whom are now architects.[1]

Notable buildingsEdit

 
Bensberg City Hall, seen against old castle
  • 1947-50 St. Columba Church, Cologne, Germany
  • 1962-69 Bensberg City Hall, Germany
  • 1968-72 Pilgrimage Church, Neviges, Germany
  • 1968-70 Christi Auferstehung (Church of Resurrection), Cologne, Germany

AwardsEdit

  • 1968 - Architecture Prize of German Architects, Münster
  • 1971 - Architecture Prize of the Association of German Architects, Düsseldorf
  • 1974 - Berlin Art Prize of the Academy of Arts, Berlin
  • 1975 - Big BDA award of the Association of German Architects, Bonn
  • 1977 - Honorary Professor F. Villareal National University, Lima, Peru
  • 1982 - Grande Medaille d'Or d'Architecture, L'Académie d'Architecture in Paris, France
  • 1982 - Honorary Fellow of the American Institute of Architects, New York (235 Voigt)
  • 1983 - Honorary Membership / Honorary Member of the American Institute of Architects AIA
  • 1985 - Fritz Schumacher Prize, Hamburg
  • 1985 - Honorary doctorate TU Munich
  • 1985/1986 - Price Cret Chair at the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States
  • 1986 - Pritzker Architecture Prize, New York City, USA

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Gottfried Bohm on Architectuul
  2. ^ Hiltrud Kier, Bauten und Projekte in: Kristin Feireiss (Hg.): Elisabeth Böhm: Stadtstrukturen und Bauten, p. 64 (in German)


External linksEdit