Gordini (French pronunciation: [ɡɔʁdini]) is a division of Renault Sport Technologies (Renault Sport).[1][2] In the past, it was a sports car manufacturer and performance tuner, established in 1946 by Amédée Gordini (1899–1979), nicknamed "Le Sorcier" (The Sorcerer). Gordini became a division of Renault in 1968 and of Renault Sport in 1976.[3]

Company typeDivision
ParentRenault Sport
Formula One World Championship career
First entry1950 Monaco Grand Prix
Races entered33
EnginesGordini, Simca
Race victories0
Pole positions0
Fastest laps1
Final entry1956 Italian Grand Prix

History edit

1937 Simca-Gordini Type 5 Le Mans
1939 Simca-Gordini Type 8
1946 Simca-Gordini 11
1950 Simca-Gordini T15s, as raced, and retired, at the 1950 24 Hours of Le Mans by José Froilán González and Juan Manuel Fangio
Gordini Type 16
Simca-Gordini Type 21S
Renault 8 Gordini
Renault Twingo RS Gordini
Clio Gordini
Renault 12 Gordini

Amédée Gordini tuned cars and competed in motor races since the 1930s. His results prompted Simca (the French assembler of Fiat) to hire him for its motorsport program and to develop road cars. Their association continued after World War II.[4]

In 1946, Gordini introduced the first cars bearing his name, Fiat-engined single-seaters raced by him and José Scaron, achieving several victories. In the late 1940s, the company opened a workshop at the Boulevard Victor in Paris, entering sports car and Grand Prix races.[5] Gordini and Simca started to diverge in 1951 because of political conflicts.[4]

Gordini competed in Formula One from 1950 to 1956 (with a brief return in 1957 with an eight cylinder engine), although it achieved a major success in Formula Two during that period.[5]

After its Formula One program ended, Gordini worked with Renault as an engine tuner, entering Renault-Gordini cars at the 24 Hours of Le Mans between 1962 and 1969. It also tuned engines for Alpine, a rival sports car manufacturer also associated with Renault. In 1957, Gordini and Renault manufactured the Dauphine Gordini, a modified version of the Renault Dauphine which was a sales success.[6] Gordini-tuned Renault cars also won various rallies during the 1950s and 1960s.[7] In 1963, the Gordini company planned to move its headquarters to Noisy-le-Roi. At the end of 1968, Amédée Gordini retired and sold a 70% majority stake from his firm to Renault.[8] Renault-Gordini was moved to Viry-Châtillon in 1969 and became a sport division of Renault, before being merged with Alpine to form Renault Sport in 1976.[3] On 1 January 1976, René Vuaillat became director of Gordini.[9] The Gordini company name became wholly owned by Renault in 1977.[8]

Renault sold Gordini-badged performance versions of models including the Renault 5, the Renault 8 the Renault 12 and the Renault 17.

In November 2009, Renault announced that it would be reviving the Gordini name for an exclusive line of hot hatches, in a similar fashion to Fiat's revival of its Abarth name.[10] Modern models to bear the name include the Renault Twingo and the Renault Clio.

Models edit

  • Dauphine Gordini (1957–1967)
  • Renault 8 Gordini (1964–1970)
  • Renault 12 Gordini (1970–1974)
  • Renault 17 Gordini (1974–1978)[11]
  • Renault 5 Gordini (1979-1985) UK market only, sold elsewhere as the Renault 5 Alpine
  • Clio Gordini RS (2010–present)
  • Twingo Gordini (2010–present)
  • Twingo Gordini RS (2010–present)
  • Wind Gordini (2011–2013)

Car colours edit

Since its early Renault models the most characteristic colour scheme of Gordini cars has been bleu de France (the French motor racing colour) with white stripes,[12] although different combinations have been used over the years.[13]

Formula One results edit


Year Chassis Engine Driver 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
1950 Simca-Gordini Type 15 Gordini straight-4 GBR MON 500 SUI BEL FRA ITA
  Robert Manzon Ret 4 Ret
  Maurice Trintignant Ret Ret
1951 Simca-Gordini Type 15 Gordini straight-4 SUI 500 BEL FRA GBR GER ITA ESP
  André Simon Ret Ret 6 Ret
  Robert Manzon Ret 7 Ret 9
  Maurice Trintignant Ret Ret DNS Ret
  Aldo Gordini Ret
  Jean Behra Ret
1952 Gordini Type 16 Gordini straight-6 SUI 500 BEL FRA GBR GER NED ITA
  Robert Manzon Ret 3 4 Ret Ret 5 14
  Jean Behra 3 Ret 7 5 Ret Ret
  Johnny Claes 8
  Prince Bira Ret 11
  Maurice Trintignant Ret Ret 6 Ret
Simca-Gordini Type 11 Simca straight-4   Max de Terra Ret
Simca-Gordini Type 15 Gordini Straight-4   Prince Bira Ret 10
  Johnny Claes Ret 14 DNQ
  Robert O'Brien NC
  Maurice Trintignant 5
  Paul Frère Ret
1953 Gordini Type 16 Gordini straight-6 ARG 500 NED BEL FRA GBR GER SUI ITA
  Jean Behra 6 Ret 10 Ret Ret Ret
  Maurice Trintignant 7† 6 5 Ret Ret Ret Ret 5
  Harry Schell 7† Ret 7 Ret Ret Ret 9
  Robert Manzon Ret
  Carlos Menditeguy Ret
  Roberto Mieres NC Ret 6
  Fred Wacker 9
Simca-Gordini Type 15 Gordini straight-4   Pablo Birger Ret
  Georges Berger Ret
1954 Gordini Type 16 Gordini straight-6 ARG 500 BEL FRA GBR GER SUI ITA ESP
  Jean Behra DSQ Ret 6 RetF 10 Ret Ret Ret
  Élie Bayol 5
  Roger Loyer Ret
  Paul Frère Ret Ret Ret
  André Pilette 5 9 Ret
  Jacques Pollet Ret Ret
  Georges Berger Ret
  Clemar Bucci Ret Ret Ret Ret
  Fred Wacker Ret 6
1955 Gordini Type 16 Gordini straight-6 ARG MON 500 BEL NED GBR ITA
  Élie Bayol Ret Ret
  Jesús Iglesias Ret
  Pablo Birger Ret
  Robert Manzon Ret Ret Ret
  Jacques Pollet 7 10 Ret
  Hermano da Silva Ramos 8 Ret Ret
  Mike Sparken 7
  Jean Lucas Ret
1956 Gordini Type 32 Gordini straight-8 ARG MON 500 BEL FRA GBR GER ITA
  André Pilette 6† DNS
  Élie Bayol 6†
  Robert Manzon 9 9 Ret Ret
  Hermano da Silva Ramos 8 Ret Ret
  André Milhoux Ret
Gordini Type 16 Gordini straight-6   Hermano da Silva Ramos 5
  Robert Manzon Ret
  André Pilette 11
  André Simon 9

(† indicates shared drive)

References edit

  1. ^ "Renault revives Gordini". Renault. Archived from the original on 21 May 2012. Retrieved 16 November 2013.
  2. ^ "Renault Sport range". Renault. Retrieved 15 November 2013.
  3. ^ a b Smith, Roy P (2010). "The Winds of Change: 1974–1979". Alpine Renault: – The fabulous berlinettes. Veloce Publishing. pp. 180–181. ISBN 978-1-845844-04-2.
  4. ^ a b Lawrence, Mike (1996). "Gordini". A to Z of Sports Cars, 1945–1990. A to Z. Motorbooks International. ISBN 1-870979-81-8.
  5. ^ a b "Constructors: Gordini (Equipe Gordini)". Grandprix.com. Archived from the original on 30 October 2013. Retrieved 15 November 2013.
  6. ^ "Gordini" (PDF). Renault. Archived (PDF) from the original on 15 September 2011. Retrieved 15 November 2013.
  7. ^ "Renault Manufacturer Profile & Rally History". Rallye-info.com. Archived from the original on 20 May 2012. Retrieved 24 February 2013.
  8. ^ a b Smith, Roy (2008). "Gordini the name on the engine". Alpine and Renault: The Development of the Revolutionary Turbo F1 Car 1968–1979. Veloce Publishing. pp. 38–39. ISBN 978-1-84584-226-0.
  9. ^ Cléon - Association RENAULT HISTOIRE Archived 2015-06-26 at the Wayback Machine sur Association RENAULT HISTOIRE
  10. ^ Joseph, Noah (10 November 2009). "Renault revives the Gordini name for exclusive line of hot hatches". Autoblog.
  11. ^ "Renault-Gordini History". Renault Sport South Africa. Archived from the original on 9 June 2011. Retrieved 15 November 2013.
  12. ^ Smith, Roy P (2013). "Gordinis for the Road and track: 1958–1979". Amedee Gordini: A True Racing Legend. Veloce Publishing. p. 256. ISBN 978-1-845843-17-5.
  13. ^ "New Renault Clio RS Gordini Coming in 2014 with 230 HP". Autoevolution.com. 29 July 2013. Retrieved 17 November 2013.