A Googlewhack is a contest to find a Google Search query that returns a single result. A Googlewhack must consist of two words found in a dictionary and is only considered legitimate if both of the search terms appear in the result.The term googlewhack, coined by Gary Stock, first appeared on the web at Blinking on 8 January 2002

Published googlewhacks are short-lived since when published to a website, the new number of hits will become at least two: one to the original hit found, and one to the publishing site.[1]

## History

The term googlewhack, coined by Gary Stock, first appeared on the web at Blinking on 8 January 2002.[2] Subsequently, Stock created The Whack Stack, at googlewhack.com, to allow the verification and collection of user-submitted Googlewhacks.

Googlewhacks were the basis of British comedian Dave Gorman's comedy tour Dave Gorman's Googlewhack Adventure and book of the same name.[3] In these Gorman tells the true story of how, while attempting to write a novel for his publisher, he became obsessed with Googlewhacks and traveled across the world finding people who had authored them. Although he never completed his original novel, Dave Gorman's Googlewhack Adventure went on to be a Sunday Times #1 best seller in the UK.

Participants at Googlewhack.com discovered the sporadic "cleaner girl" bug in Google's search algorithm where "results 1–1 of thousands" were returned for two relatively common words[4] such as Anxiousness Scheduler[5] or Italianate Tablesides.[6]

Googlewhack went offline in November 2009 after Google stopped providing definition links.[definition needed] Gary Stock stated on the game's web page soon afterward that he was pursuing solutions for Googlewhack to remain viable.[citation needed]

### Score

Some people propose the googlewhack "score", which is the product of the hits of the individual words.[7] Thus a googlewhack score is highest when the individual words produce a large number of hits.

### Examples

• comparative unicyclist[8]

## Variations

In contrast to Googlewhacks, many Googlewhackblatts and Antegooglewhackblatts are nonsense words or uncommon misspellings that are not in dictionaries and probably never will be.

Practical use of specially constructed Googlewhackblatts was proposed by Leslie Lamport (although he did not use the term).[9]

## Research applications

The probabilities of internet search result values for multi-word queries was studied in 2008 with the help of Googlewhacks.[10][11][12] Based on data from 351 Googlewhacks from the "WhackStack" a list of previously documented Googlewhacks,[13] the Heaps' law ${\displaystyle \beta }$  coefficient for the indexed World Wide Web (about 8 billion pages in 2008) was measured to be ${\displaystyle \beta =0.52}$ . This result is in line with previous studies which used under 20,000 pages.[14] The googlewhacks were a key in calibrating the model so that it could be extended automatically to analyse the relatedness of word pairs.

## References

1. ^ "Googlewhack official rules". Googlewhack.com. Archived from the original on 18 August 2017. Retrieved 28 March 2014.
3. ^ Gorman, Dave (2005). Dave Gorman's Googlewhack! adventure. London: Ebury. ISBN 0091897424.
4. ^ "Googlewhack NACK!". Googlewhack.com. Archived from the original on 6 August 2017. Retrieved 28 March 2014.
5. ^ Essex, Mike (13 February 2012). "Anxiousness Scheduler". Blog.blagman.co.uk. Archived from the original on 29 March 2014. Retrieved 28 March 2014.
6. ^ "italianate tablesides". Googlewhack.com. Archived from the original on 21 January 2013. Retrieved 28 March 2014.
7. ^ googlewhack scoring is discussed numerous places, e.g.,: [1] [2] [3]
8. ^ a b "What is Googlewhacking? - Definition from WhatIs.com". WhatIs.com. Retrieved 17 December 2021.
9. ^ Archival References to Web Pages, Ninth International World Wide Web Conference: Poster Proceedings (May 2000)
10. ^ Lansey JC, Bukiet B (January 2009). "Internet Search Result Probabilities, Heaps' Law and Word Associativity". Journal of Quantitative Linguistics. 16 (1): 40–66. doi:10.1080/09296170802514153.